Gintoki Sakata

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Gintoki Sakata
Gin Tama character
GintokiSakata.jpg
Gintoki Sakata by Hideaki Sorachi
First appearance Gin Tama Lesson 1: Nobody with Natural Wavy Hair Can Be That Bad
Created by Hideaki Sorachi
Voiced by Tomokazu Sugita (Japanese)[1]
Haruka Tomatsu[2] (Japanese, genderswapped)
Kazuya Nakai (Japanese, bodyswapped)
Christopher Patton (English, first movie)[3]
Michael Daingerfield (English, Gintama° series)[4]
Portrayed by Shun Oguri[5]

Gintoki Sakata (Japanese: 坂田 銀時 Hepburn: Sakata Gintoki?) is a fictional character in the manga and anime franchise Gin Tama created by Hideaki Sorachi. Gintoki is the protagonist of the series and his name serves as the basis of the series' title. He is introduced as a former rebel samurai who lives in a fictionalized version of 1860s Japan after being invaded and transformed by aliens. Gintoki once fought the alien invaders until he realized the lack of sense in doing so, leading to him choosing to instead make a living as a freelancer for hire in Edo alongside his friends Shinpachi Shimura and Kagura in order to pay the monthly rent. Across the series, more details about Gintoki's past are revealed leading him to encounter former friends as enemies. As the main character, Gintoki has appeared in most of the episodes of the anime series, as well as in other media related to the franchise, including the film and all of the spin-off video games and original video animations.

Sorachi created the character after suggestions of his editors of having silver-haired samurai. He was originally going to be based on Hijikata Toshizō, the vice-captain from the Shinsengumi special forces. However, Sorachi changed his mind as he did not want the main character to be working into an organization and further remodelled his design into the present one. In the anime series Gintoki was voiced by Tomokazu Sugita who enjoyed his character. For the English release of the first movie, he was voiced by Christopher Patton, whereas in the latest episodes he Patton was replaced by Michael Daingerfield. Shun Oguri will portray him in the upcoming live-action film.

Gintoki's character has received critical response from various reviewers and publications for manga, anime and other media. While Gintoki's reception has been positive, writers have also criticized his characterization in some story arcs. When he once parodied a Japanese politician in 2016, the company behind the manga, Shueisha, expressed pressure as well as laughter. Gintoki has also remained highly popular with Gin Tama fans, ranking first in all of the popularity polls. Merchandise based on Gintoki has also been released, including figurines.

Creation and development[edit]

Hijikata Toshizō was one of Gintoki's initial models.

While brainstorming on the name for a manga, Hideaki Sorachi's editor commented, "Do you think a silver samurai would be cool?" This inspired Sorachi to create the main character after deciding the series should be named Gin Tama.[6] Sorachi's initial plan for his first major series was to center it around a fictionalized version of the Shinsengumi, mostly to ride off the hype for Shinsengumi!, a Japanese drama starring idol actors as the famous Japanese special police force. However, Sorachi's version was planned to be as unrealistic as possible; his force included both men and women possessing bizarre traits that were nothing like the original Shinsengumi, and that would seep into many of the characters that would be part of his eventual manga. One of the characters from this set was a silver-haired man who was to be the representation of prominent member Hijikata Toshizō. Sorachi particularly liked Hijikata and wanted this character to be the hero of his series despite the lack of similarities with the real Hijikata.[7]

While Sorachi loved the design he created for his silver-haired Hijikata, he could not draw out his character or figure out what he would do in the series. He considered dropping the character and his editor nearly forced him to give up on him just as the original Shinsengumi concept was falling apart. Eventually it was decided that the silver-haired character would be an original lead character, while the Shinsengumi would be portrayed as comedic foils. Quickly giving him the nickname of "Gin-san", the original concept of the silver-haired Hijikata was shattered and Sorachi recreated the character from the ground up into the lazy-eyed freelancer he would be in the series.[7] The concept behind Gintoki's character is that he is a strong person who does not belong to any organization and tends to disregard rules. Although Gintoki was roughly based on Sakata Kintoki, Sorachi did not intend Gintoki to be a descendant of Sakata.[8] Unlike common heroes within manga series, Gintoki does not undergo character development. This is connected with the character's background as several things in his life changed due to the Amanto invasion and wishes some things not change.[9]

For the anime series, Gintoki has been voiced by Tomokazu Sugita in Japanese. When learning he was selected to voice the Gin Tama's main character Sugita wanted to show off to fit the character. However, he later took a bigger view on Gintoki's character; understanding that Gintoki lives with a lot of people's support, Sugita changed his mindset when voicing the character.[10]

Appearances[edit]

In Gin Tama[edit]

Gintoki Sakata is a freelancer former samurai living in an era where aliens known as the Amanto have come to Earth after the Joi War, a battle in which the latter defeated the former. As a child, he was taught by Shoyo Yoshida, with his classmates being two of his future Joi allies, Kotaro Katsura and Shinsuke Takasugi.[11] Shoyo was unjustly accused of trying to raise an army, which resulted in his execution and Gintoki joining the Joi War against the government.[12] During that period, he was known as the "White Demon" (白夜叉 Shiroyasha?, "White Knight" in English dub) due to his silver hair and white coat he wore in battle, which, combined with his impressive capabilities as a swordsman, made him famous among his comrades and struck fear into Amanto.[13] During a Joui War when he, Katsura and Takasugi were captured by Tendosho, under order by Sada Sada, Gintoki was forced to execute his master without any choice before his master's final bidding to him right in front of his comrades' eyes.

After his master's death, Gintoki chooses to open a freelance business where he could handle matters his own way, while continuing to live by his own samurai code. In his job, he gets two employees, the samurai apprentice Shinpachi Shimura and the alien girl Kagura and comes to have a close relationship with both of them.[14][15] The group often have problems to pay the monthly rent for Otose, Gintoki's landlady whom he swore to protect after eating the food offerings meant to her husband's grave.[16]

Despite his age, Gintoki often shows various childish behaviour, the most noticeable is his insatiable sweet tooth. However, Gintoki has been warned by his doctor to control his sugar intake.[17] He is also obsessed with reading the manga anthology magazine Weekly Shōnen Jump.[18] Additionally, he is extremely afraid of ghosts. Though several female characters have shown an interest in Gintoki, he usually does not show any response back and merely puts up with them as annoyances. However, he does have a huge crush on the weather girl, Ketsuno Ana, and once stated he wished to marry her . Gintoki has a great amount of pride for his samurai code. He takes it upon himself to rescue or avenge not only his comrades and friends but also people he barely knows. (During the Shinsengumi Crisis arc, he told Kawakami Bansai that the sole reason he fought the Joi War was to protect his friends, not for his country or the samurai way). Despite being a dangerous combatant well-versed in the ways of the sword, he acts like a coward most of the time to avoid needless bloodshed because of the trauma of suffering the loss of most of his friends and allies during the Joui war. [19] Although he controls himself, he has shown a dark side in which he wants to slay those who were related in the death of his teacher.

As a former samurai, Gintoki is an extremely powerful swordsman. Throughout the series, he has demonstrated tremendous skill in swordsmanship, being able to fight on equal ground against Utsuro, the evil persona of his master (whom Gintoki has never been able to win a match). His swordplay is rough, but far from unrefined. He tends to wield even full-length katanas one-handed, with fairly wide but quick chops. Gintoki is incredibly nimble, on par with the renowned ninja Hattori Zenzou. In addition, his reflexes (while often downplayed for comedic purposes) are great, and he is capable of dodging, deflecting, or in some instances, throwing back knives, arrows and similar projectiles. One of his defining traits is his very high level of physical endurance. Gintoki fights without consideration his own life a majority of the time, and while this gives him the ability to fight without limits, is also a testament to how Gintoki values his own life. Coupled with his high pain tolerance, this makes him an incredibly fearsome fighter.

As part of his brawler-like fighting style, Gintoki regularly uses his fists and legs in combat. As such, he is far less bothered by being caught unarmed than most other swordsmen in the series. He is also noticeably skilled in terms of battlefield tactics, likely due to his extensive experience, capable of developing adaptive strategies as he fights, and knows exactly what to look for in his opponent's fighting style to create openings for himself. While he vastly prefers to make use of his incredible swordplay in combat, he is well-versed in other weapons as well, ranging from kunai to naginata. Likely due to his training as a samurai and time spent on the battlefield, he is able to incorporate the use of almost anything he finds in a fight, and frequently catches his opponents off-guard. His weapon of choice is a bokuto with the words "Lake Touya" inscribed on it. The bokuto he wields is a Hoshikudaki (星砕 lit. star destroyer?), which he purchases through a TV shopping program, whenever one is broken.[20] Using this sword, he is often seen cutting, smashing, deflecting and basically destroying all kinds of strong objects such as a metal cannon, the engine of a starship or a beam sword. Occasionally, though, Gintoki has used other swords, including real ones such as katana, in combat when he needs it due to a tougher encounter.[21] Although Gintoki is more than capable of defeating powerful Amanto warriors and various other samurai, he will not hesitate to use tricks and manipulation if it means a quick and easy victory.[22]

In other media[edit]

Though also part of the Gin Tama franchise, Gintoki is also the lead character of the spinoff stories "3-Z Ginpachi-Sensei", where he is a high school teacher putting up with the idiocies of all of the other characters who are his students at the school.[23][24] The two OVAs of the series also feature Gintoki with the first featuring multiple sidestories and the latter Gintoki's time in the war against the aliens.[25] Gintoki has been the leading character in the two movies the series had. The first film, Gintama: A New Retelling Benizakura Arc, has Gintoki reprising his role from the Benizakura Arc where he goes in the search of his friend Kotaro Katsura as well as the mysterious sword Benizakura. The second film, Gintama: The Movie: The Final Chapter: Be Forever Yorozuya has Gintoki travelling to a future where Edo has been destroyed and has to stop the threat that ruined the city.[26]

Gintoki's character appeared in various video games based on the Gin Tama series.[27][28] Gintoki has also been featured as a playable fighter in two crossover Weekly Shonen Jump-based video games: Jump Super Stars and Jump Ultimate Stars, both times alongside Kagura.[29][30] He also appears in J-Stars Victory Vs.[31] Gintoki's costume is also featured in the video game God Eater 2 as an alternative skin.[32]

Reception[edit]

Gintoki remains the most popular character in the series based on polls taken within Weekly Shonen Jump magazine. He has also been featured in various types of merchandise connected to the franchise.[33][34] In the Newtype Japanese journal, Gintoki has commonly appeared within the top ten of best male characters between the 7th and 8th spot.[35][36] In another Newtype poll from March 2010, Gintoki was voted as the eighth most popular male anime character from the 2000s.[37] In the Anime Grand Prix polls, Gintoki was voted as one of the most popular male anime character.[38][39] The Japanese music distributor Recochoku has made two annual surveys of which anime characters that people would like to marry. Gintoki ranked second, then first in the category "The Character I Want to Be My Groom."[40][41] Another poll from Niconico had female fans voting Gintoki as the second most appealing male character in anime.[42] Ike and Momiken from the Japanese rock band SPYAIR commented that Gintoki was their favorite character from the series as both of them found him cool.[26]

Gintoki's character has also received critical response from various western publications for manga, anime and other media. While reviewing the fifth volume from the manga Carlo Santos from Anime News Network found Gintoki's personality as one of the sources of comedy in the series, remarking the way he talks as well as his actions through the chapters.[43] In the chapters where Gintoki suffers from amnesia, Santos noted that Gintoki's different personality in such state makes him "decidedly not funny".[44] On the other hand, About.com writer Deb Aoki found Gintoki's carefree attitude and his desire to protect people as a "tradition of other shonen anti-heroes." She also noted his "low-blood sugar moments" make him look cranky.[45] Michael Aronson from Manga Life criticized Gintoki's expression in the first volumes from the series as he mentions it does not reflect his dialogues. He also commented that series succeeds if it is about Gintoki's job, adding that some of his fights against other characters do not help increasing the series' popularity.[46] While reviewing the first film's Chris Homer from The Fandom Post stated that Gintoki is "a typical shounen hero, a bit dumb but has a kind heart and able to access power when he needs to protect his friends" with Kagura being more likable than him during the review.[47] When the 2016 season of the anime season started, Gintoki parodied a Japanese politician crying for misuse of fundings. While this had no negative consecuences, the staff at Shueisha, the company that publishes the manga, admitted they felt nervous. Another parody was made by Gintoki in the 2017 release of the anime with he referencing the Gilgamesh Night show due to the series taking its timeslot.[48] Anime News Network writer Amy McNulty had mixed feelings about Michael Daingerfield's work as Gintoki's English actor as she found it too similar to Hijikata and Katsura.[49] On the other hand, Mike Toole, another member from Anime News Network, found Daingerfield's work as appealing as the one from the original cast, Tomokazu Sugita.[50]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Director: Shinji Takamatsu (April 4, 2006). "てめーらァァァ!!それでも銀魂ついてんのかァァァ". Gin Tama. TV Tokyo. 
  2. ^ "Upcoming Gintama Episode Features Gender-Swapped Characters". 
  3. ^ http://www.voiceofchrispatton.com/
  4. ^ "Crunchyroll Adds English Dub of "Gintama Season 3"!". Crunchyroll. February 2, 2017. Retrieved February 2, 2017. 
  5. ^ "Gintama Manga Gets Live-Action Film Adaptation in 2017 Starring Shun Oguri". Anime News Network. June 30, 2016. Retrieved June 30, 2016. 
  6. ^ Sorachi, Hideaki (2008). Gin Tama, Vol. 5. Viz Media. p. 46. ISBN 978-1-4215-1618-9. 
  7. ^ a b Sorachi, Hideaki (2008). Gin Tama, Vol. 6. Viz Media. p. 126. ISBN 978-1-4215-1619-6. 
  8. ^ Sorachi, Hideaki (2008). Gin Tama, Vol. 7. Viz Media. p. 50. ISBN 978-1-4215-1620-2. 
  9. ^ "Quick Japan" (in Japanese). No. 86. Otashuppan. October 2009. pp. 22–41. ISBN 978-4778311940. 
  10. ^ Gintama Shinyaku Benizakura Hen. Aniplex. 2010. 
  11. ^ Sorachi, Hideaki (2009). "Lesson 97". Gin Tama, Vol. 12. Viz Media. ISBN 978-1-4215-2396-5. 
  12. ^ Sorachi, Hideaki (2012). "Lesson 97". Gin Tama, Vol. 45. Shueisha. ISBN 978-4-08-870428-9. 
  13. ^ Sorachi, Hideaki (2007). "Lesson 6". Gin Tama, Vol. 1. Viz Media. ISBN 978-1-4215-1358-4. 
  14. ^ Sorachi, Hideaki (2007). "Lesson 3". Gin Tama, Vol. 1. Viz Media. ISBN 978-1-4215-1358-4. 
  15. ^ Sorachi, Hideaki (2007). "Lesson 13". Gin Tama, Vol. 2. Viz Media. ISBN 978-1-4215-1621-9. 
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  18. ^ Sorachi, Hideaki (2008). "Lesson 53". Gin Tama, Vol. 7. Viz Media. ISBN 978-1-4215-1620-2. 
  19. ^ Sorachi, Hideaki (2007). "Lesson 9". Gin Tama, Vol. 2. Viz Media. ISBN 978-1-4215-1621-9. 
  20. ^ Sorachi, Hideaki (2008). "Lesson 35". Gin Tama, Vol. 5. Viz Media. ISBN 978-1-4215-1618-9. 
  21. ^ Sorachi, Hideaki (2009). "Lesson 94". Gin Tama, Vol. 11. Viz Media. ISBN 978-1-4215-2395-8. 
  22. ^ Sorachi, Hideaki (2007). "Lesson 8". Gin Tama, Vol. 2. Viz Media. ISBN 978-1-4215-1621-9. 
  23. ^ Ōsaki, Tomohito (2006). 3年Z組銀八先生. Shueisha. ISBN 4-08-703164-0. 
  24. ^ Sorachi, Hideaki (2007). Gin Tama, Vol. 2. Viz Media. pp. 204–205. ISBN 978-1-4215-1359-1. 
  25. ^ "銀魂 ジャンプアニメツアー2008&2005 DVD" (in Japanese). Amazon.com. Retrieved July 12, 2009. 
  26. ^ a b "Vol.279 ロックバンド SPYAIR" (in Japanese). OKWave. Retrieved August 19, 2013. 
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  28. ^ "Gintama: Banji Oku Chuubu". GameSpot. Archived from the original on July 22, 2011. Retrieved July 10, 2009. 
  29. ^ "ガンバリオン公式ホームページ 開発タイトル一覧 JUMP SUPER STARS(ジャンプスーパースターズ)" (in Japanese). Ganbarion. Archived from the original on July 3, 2008. Retrieved September 29, 2008. 
  30. ^ "ガンバリオン公式ホームページ 開発タイトル一覧 JUMP ULTIMATE STARS(ジャンプアルティメットスターズ)" (in Japanese). Ganbarion. Archived from the original on May 22, 2008. Retrieved September 29, 2008. 
  31. ^ Romano, Sal (June 26, 2013). "J-Stars Victory VS adds Gintoki, Ryo-san". Gematsu. Retrieved July 22, 2013. 
  32. ^ Romano, Sal (July 9, 2013). "Gintama's Gintoki & Kagura Join God Eater 2 Game". Anime News Network. Retrieved August 24, 2013. 
  33. ^ "雑貨(紙札・造形)バックナンバー cards, page 3" (in Japanese). Sunrise. Archived from the original on July 26, 2009. Retrieved June 26, 2009. 
  34. ^ "雑貨 caps" (in Japanese). Sunrise. Archived from the original on July 26, 2009. Retrieved June 26, 2009. 
  35. ^ "NT Research". Newtype, Issue 8. Kadokawa Shoten. July 2009. 
  36. ^ "NT Research". Newtype, Issue 9. Kadokawa Shoten. August 2009. 
  37. ^ "NT Research". Newtype, Issue 4. Kadokawa Shoten. March 2010. 
  38. ^ "Anime Grand Prix 32nd". Animage (in Japanese). Gakken (6). May 2009. 
  39. ^ "Anime Grand Prix 2006-2007". Animage (in Japanese). Gakken (6). May 2007. 
  40. ^ "Survey: K-ON's Mio, Reborn's Hibari are #1 Bride, Groom". Anime News Network. 2008-10-14. Retrieved 2009-06-12. 
  41. ^ "Recochoku Poll: Which Anime Character Do You Want to Marry". Anime News Network. 2011-05-28. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 
  42. ^ "女子441人が選んだマンガに登場する「イケメン」 ベスト5". Niconico. September 2, 2013. Retrieved September 4, 2013. 
  43. ^ Santos, Carlo (April 4, 2008). "Gin Tama, vol. 5 review". Anime News Network. Retrieved June 25, 2009. 
  44. ^ Santos, Carlo (July 8, 2008). "RIGHT TURN ONLY!! Strange Times". Anime News Network. Retrieved July 8, 2009. 
  45. ^ Aoki, Deb. "Gin Tama, volume 1 by Hideaki Sorachi". About.com. Retrieved June 25, 2009. 
  46. ^ Aronson, Michael. "Gin Tama v2". Manga Life. Silver Bullet Comics. Archived from the original on May 5, 2009. Retrieved June 25, 2009. 
  47. ^ Homer, Chris (January 3, 2013). "Gintama The Movie UK Anime DVD Review". The Fandom Post. Retrieved February 19, 2017. 
  48. ^ Nakamura, Toshi (January 14, 2017). "Gintama Starts Strong with Fourth Wall-Breaking Humor". Anime Now. Retrieved February 20, 2017. 
  49. ^ McNulty, Amy (February 6, 2017). "Gintama Episode 321". Anime News Network. Retrieved February 19, 2017. 
  50. ^ Toole, Mike (February 19, 2017). "The Mike Toole Show Where to Be-GIN with Gintama". Anime News Network. Retrieved February 19, 2017.