Belli in 2007 at the third annual International Poetry Festival in Granada, Nicaragua
|Born||December 9, 1948 (age 65)
|Occupation||Poet, author, novelist|
Gioconda Belli, partly of Northern Italian descent, was an active participant in the Sandinista struggle against the Somoza dictatorship, and her work for the movement led to her being forced into exile in Mexico in 1975. Returning in 1979 just before the Sandinista victory, she became FSLN's international press liaison in 1982 and the director of State Communications in 1984. During that time she met Charles Castaldi, an American NPR journalist, whom she married in 1987. She has been living in both Managua and Los Angeles since 1990. She has since left the FSLN and is now a major critic of the current government.
In 1988, Belli's book La Mujer Habitada (The Inhabited Woman), a semi-autobiographical novel that raised gender issues for the first time in the Nicaraguan revolutionary narratives, brought her increased attention; this book has been published in several languages and was on the reading list at four universities in the United States. The novel follows two parallel stories: the indigenous resistance to the Spanish and modern insurgency in Central America with various points in common: women's emancipation, passion, and a commitment to liberation. In 2000, she published her autobiography, emphasizing her involvement in the revolutionary movement, El país bajo mi piel, published under the name The Country Under My Skin in the United States; it was a finalist for the Los Angeles Times Book Prize in 2003. Belli continues publishing and maintains that poetry is her most important work. Belli was the recipient of the Premio de Poesía Mariano Fiallos Gil in 1972 and of the Premio Casa de las Américas in 1978. In 2008 Belli received the Biblioteca Breve Award for her book El infinito en la palma de la mano (Infinity in the Palm of The Hand), an allegory about Adam and Eve in paradise.
Belli's books have been published in numerous languages.
Her 2010 book was submitted with the title "Cronicas de la Izquierda Erótica", but had to be changed to "El País de las Mujeres", since the previous title was too similar to that of a 1973 book by Ana María Rodas: Poemas de la Izquierda Erótica. The book tells the story of a world governed by women. In the novel she portrays a group of women that take power by means of a Political Party by the name of "Partido de la Izquierda Erotica". This is the same name as a movement formed by women during the 80s, to which Belli belonged, which had been named as a tribute to Rodas´ work.
- XXVIII "City of Melilla" International Poetry Award.
- "Mariano Fiallos Gil de Poesía" award, Nicaragua 1972.
- "Casa de las Americas" award, Cuba, Poesía 1978.
- Award of the "Fundación de Libreros, Bibliotecarios" and "Editores Alemanes de la Fundación Friederich Ebhert" in 1989 for La Mujer Habitada, the "best political novel of the year"
- "Anna Seghers de la Academia de Artes de Alemania" award, 1989.
- "Luchs del Semanario Die Zeit a su libro" award for El Taller de las Mariposas, 1992.
- Medal of recognition of the National Theater of Nicaragua for 25 years of cultural labor.
- "Internacional de Poesía Generación del 27" award, 2002
- "Pluma de Plata" award, Bilbao, 2005.
- "Biblioteca Breve Award", 2008.
- "Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz Award" for "best novel", International Book Fair in Gudalajara, 2008
- Verse Sobre la grama (1972)
- Línea de fuego (1978)
- Truenos y arco iris (1982)
- Amor insurrecto (1985)
- De la costilla de Eva (1987)
- La mujer habitada (1988)
- Poesía reunida (1989)
- Sofía de las presagios (1990)
- El ojo de la mujer (1991)
- Sortilegio contra el frío (1992)
- El taller de las mariposas (1994)
- Waslala (1996)
- El país bajo mi piel (2001)
- El pergamino de la seducción (2005)
- El infinito en la palma de la mano (2008)
- El país de las mujeres (2010)
- Seaman, Donna. "Gioconda Belli's life as a Sandinista rebel". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2007-11-21.
- Revista Envío – Women, Poetry, New Nicaraguan Culture
- Gioconda Belli
- Gioconda Belli —The Queen of Hearts – 11/15/2006 – Criticas
- "REVOLUTION: A User's Manual". The New York Public Library. Retrieved 2008-02-13.
- Biografia de Gioconda Belli
- Gioconda Belli Profile
- "Nicaragua: Gioconda Belli's Recent Work". Prensa Latina. Retrieved 2008-04-05.
- Gioconda Belli's Official Website
- – A short biography
- Blackbird's Nest — "Decorated Poet to Speak on Campus"
- Blackbird's Nest — "Gioconda Belli Talks About Forbidden Fruit"
- The Times Online review
- on YouTube