Giorgi Gakharia

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Giorgi Gakharia
გიორგი გახარია
Giorgi Gakharia (cropped).jpg
Gakharia in 2018
14th Prime Minister of Georgia
In office
8 September 2019 – 18 February 2021
PresidentSalome Zourabichvili
Preceded byMamuka Bakhtadze
Succeeded byIrakli Garibashvili
Minister of Internal Affairs
In office
13 November 2017 – 8 September 2019
Prime MinisterGiorgi Kvirikashvili
Mamuka Bakhtadze
Preceded byGiorgi Mgebrishvili
Succeeded byVakhtang Gomelauri
First Deputy Prime Minister of Georgia
In office
17 July 2018 – 8 September 2019
Prime MinisterMamuka Bakhtadze
Preceded byDimitri Kumsishvili
Succeeded byThea Tsulukiani
Secretary of the National Security Council
In office
1 May 2019 – 3 September 2019
Prime MinisterMamuka Bakhtadze
Preceded byDavid Rakviashvili
Succeeded byLevan Izoria
Minister of Economy and Sustainable Development
In office
27 November 2016 – 13 November 2017
Prime MinisterGiorgi Kvirikashvili
Preceded byDimitri Kumsishvili
Succeeded byDimitri Kumsishvili
Secretary of the Economic Council
In office
December 2014 – September 2016
Prime MinisterIrakli Gharibashvili
Giorgi Kvirikashvili
Business Ombudsman of Georgia
In office
March 2013 – July 2016
Personal details
Born (1975-03-19) 19 March 1975 (age 45)
Tbilisi, Georgian SSR, USSR
Political partyGeorgian Dream
Spouse(s)Marika Pantsulia
ChildrenAna Gakharia
MotherMzia Lezhava
FatherZaur Gakharia

Giorgi Zauris dze Gakharia (Georgian: გიორგი ზაურის ძე გახარია; born 19 March 1975) is a Georgian politician who served as the Prime Minister from 8 September 2019 to 18 February 2021.[1][2]


In 1992–1994 Gakharia studied at Tbilisi Ivane Javakhishvili State University, faculty of History. In 1994–1999 he studied at Lomonosov Moscow State University. He is a Master of Political Science.[3] In 2002–2004 he studied at Lomonosov Moscow State University's Higher Business School (Master of Business Management). In 2006–2009 he was an invited lecturer in Applied Biotechnology at Moscow State University.[3]

Business activity[edit]

From May, 2004 to November, 2008 Gakharia took the position of the Director-General of SFK Group; from November, 2008 to February, 2013 he took the position of the Director of Germany GR & Business Development at the Lufthansa Service Holding AG. (LSG, Frankfurt am Main) in Eastern Europe, CIS countries and Russian Federation.[3]

Political career[edit]

Giorgi Gakharia started his political career since March 2013, when he became the Business Ombudsman of Georgia, which he served in July 2016. From December 2014 to September 2016, Gakharia was the Secretary of Economic Council. He was appointed on 2. November 2016 to the Minister of Economy and Sustainable Development of Georgia.

Ministry of Internal Affairs[edit]

In November, 2017 the Government of Georgia was reshuffled, including the leadership of the Ministry of Internal Affairs; consequently, on November 13, 2017 Giorgi Gakharia was appointed to the post of the Minister of Internal Affairs, replacing Giorgi Mgebrishvili.[3]

Infantry Patrol[edit]

Several months after the appointment, for ensuring the security for tourists and tourist areas the Infantry Patrol Subunit was created within the Patrol Police Department of the Ministry. Infantry patrol officers have received 3-week special retraining courses at the Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs; all of them know one or more foreign languages. They are provided with modern police equipment, including the latest generation of shoulder cameras.[4]

Human Rights Protection Department[edit]

The Human Rights Protection Department was created on January 1, 2018, in one month from the appointment of Giorgi Gakharia to the position of the Minister of Internal Affairs. The competences of the Department cover the timely response and effective investigation into the cases such as domestic offenses, violence against women, crimes committed on the ground of discrimination, trafficking, crime by/against juveniles.

2019 Georgian protests[edit]

Giorgi Gakharia and Ilham Aliyev

Gakharia's resignation as Interior Minister was sought during the 2019 Georgian protests, following a violent crackdown on protestors in June 2019.[5][6]

Prime Minister[edit]

Giorgi Gakharia meeting with Mike Pompeo

He was nominated to the post of Prime Minister on 3 September 2019, to replace Mamuka Bakhtadze who had resigned the day before. The nomination of Gakharia was controversial, with some opposition parties leaving the parliamentary debate over his candidacy. However as the ruling Georgian Dream party has a supermajority, Gakharia was confirmed.[7] After being nominated as the Prime Minister, on 8 September 2019, Gakharia's incoming cabinet won the parliamentary vote of confidence with 98 votes for with none against. [3]

On 2 November 2020, during COVID-19 pandemic in Georgia, Gakharia tested positive for the virus.[8]

Nika Melia, chairman of the United National Movement party, was accused of organizing mass violence during the anti-government protests in 2019. When Melia declined to pay a $12,000 bail, a Georgian court ruled that Melia should be detained before his trial. In response, Gakharia said the court's ruling was "unlawful", and on 18 February, Gakharia resigned over the decision to detain Melia.[9] Melia was arrested while at United National Movement party headquarters on 23 February.[10] The ruling Georgian Dream party supported Irakli Garibashvili to replace Gakharia, and the Parliament voted 89–2 to appoint him on 22 February.[11]


  1. ^ "Georgia's interior minister nominated for PM post: RIA". Reuters. 3 September 2019. Retrieved 3 September 2019.
  2. ^ Prime Minister of Georgia – Giorgi Gakharia (გიორგი გახარია)
  3. ^ a b c d e "Giorgi Gakharia". Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia. 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2019.
  4. ^ The Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia continues Patrol Police reform
  5. ^ "Georgians are taking a stand against Vladimir Putin. Where is the West?". The Washington Post. Retrieved 12 July 2019.
  6. ^ "Russia suspends Georgia flights after violent clashes". 2019-06-22. Retrieved 12 July 2019.
  7. ^ Lomsadze, Giorgi (3 September 2019). "Controversial minister slated to be Georgia's next PM". Eurasianet. Retrieved 3 September 2019.
  8. ^ "Georgian PM tested positive for coronavirus: press office". Reuters. 2 November 2020.
  9. ^ "Georgia's PM resigns over move to arrest opposition leader". Associated Press. The Washington Post. 18 February 2021.
  10. ^ Khurshudyan, Isabelle. "Georgian opposition leader arrested, deepening the political crisis in the South Caucasus country". The Washington Post.
  11. ^ "Ex-Soviet republic Georgia's parliament appoints new premier". Associated Press. The Washington Post.

Media related to Giorgi Gakharia at Wikimedia Commons

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Dimitri Kumsishvili
Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development
Succeeded by
Dimitri Kumsishvili
Preceded by
Mamuka Bakhtadze
Prime Minister of Georgia
Succeeded by
Irakli Garibashvili