Giovanni Antonio Guadagni

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His Eminence
Giovanni Antonio Guadagni
Servant of God
Cardinal Vicar General of Rome
Cardeal Dom Frei António Guadagni.png
In office 1 March 1732 - 15 January 1759
Predecessor Prospero Marefoschi
Successor Antonio Maria Erba-Odescalchi
Other posts
Ordination 11 March 1702
Consecration 31 December 1724
by Lorenzo Corsini
Created Cardinal 24 September 1731
by Pope Clement XII
  • Cardinal-Priest (1731-1750)
  • Cardinal-Bishop (1750-1759)
Personal details
Birth name Giovanni Antonio Guadagni
Born (1674-09-14)14 September 1674
Died January 15, 1759(1759-01-15) (aged 84)
Rome, Papal States
Buried Santa Maria della Scala
Previous post
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church
Title as Saint Servant of God
Styles of
Giovanni Antonio Guadagni
External Ornaments of a Cardinal Bishop.svg
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See Porto e Santa Rufina

The Servant of God Giovanni Antonio Guadagni (14 September 1674 - 15 January 1759) was an Italian cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and a member of the Discalced Carmelites. He assumed the name of Giovanni Antonio di San Bernardo upon his admittance into the order. His cause of canonization has commenced and he is now known as a Servant of God.[1]


Early life and education[edit]

Giovanni Antonio Guadagni was born in 1674[2] into a wealthy noble family in Florence which was at the time under the rule of the House of Medici. His mother, Maddalena Corsini, was the sister of Pope Clement XII and his father was Donato Guadagni. He was an only child. In his youth, he studied law and received a doctorate in civil and canon law from the University of Pisa on 3 May 1696.

Priesthood, episcopate and cardinalate[edit]

Guadagni later travelled to Rome to practice law but upon his return to Florence decided to become a priest. Against the will of his parents, he entered the Order of Discalced Carmelites in Arezzo and assumed the name of Giovanni Antonio di San Bernardo. He made his profession on 1 November 1700 and would learn theology and philosophy in Florence at convents run by the order. He was ordained to the priesthood on 11 March 1702 in Florence.

Guadagni was later named the master of the novice and the provincial father for his order. It was at the request of the Grand Duke of Tuscany that he was promoted to the episcopate. Pope Benedict XIII appointed him as the Bishop of Arezzo on 20 December 1724 and he received episcopal consecration a week after in the church of Santa Maria della Scala by Lorenzo Corsini, future pope. Under his leadership, a diocesan synod was celebrated in 1730.

Pope Clement XII raised him to the cardinalate on 24 September 1731 as the Cardinal-Deacon of Santi Silvestro e Martino ai Monti. He took possession of the title on 30 December 1731. He was appointed to several congregations in the Roman Curia and held posts in the Congregation of Bishops and Regulars and the Congregation for Rites amongst others. In 1732 he assumed the duties as the Vicar General of Rome.

Guadagni was appointed as the Cardinal-Bishop of Frascati in 1750 and also became the Vice Dean of the College of Cardinals. He became the Cardinal-Bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina in 1756.[3] in 1756 he was transferred to the see of porto Santa Rufina. Guadagni was also named subdean of the college of the cardinals.

Death and cause of beatification[edit]

He died in Rome in 1759 and was buried in the church of Santa Maria della Scala in the tomb that he had constructed for himself. He also composed the inscription that was placed on the tomb.

Reputed for his holiness and said to have been buried with the odor of saintliness, his cause of beatification commenced under Pope Pius XII on 27 November 1940 with the late cardinal being granted the title of Servant of God.


  1. ^ [1] From Catholic Hierarchy website
  2. ^ [2] From Prof.Miranda website
  3. ^ [3] From Suburbicarian diocese of Frascati website