Giovanni Cerrina Feroni

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Giovanni Cerrina Feroni
Italian Governor of Eritrea
In office
August 17, 1915 – September 16, 1916
Preceded byGiuseppe Salvago Raggi
Succeeded byGiacomo De Martino
Italian Governor of Somalia
In office
1916–1919
Preceded byGiacomo De Martino
Succeeded byCarlo Riveri
Italian Governor of Eritrea
In office
April 14, 1921 – June 1, 1923
Preceded byLudovico Pollera
Succeeded byJacopo Gasparini
Personal details
BornJuly 8, 1866
Florence
DiedJuly 2, 1952
Rome
NationalityItalian

Giovanni Cerrina Feroni (18 July 1866 – 2 July 1952) was an Italian soldier. He was twice colonial governor of Eritrea and also a governor of Italian Somaliland.

Life[edit]

Giovanni Cerrina Feroni was born in a noble family of Florence in 1866. He went to the "Italian Navy Academy" and graduated as the best student.

At the outbreak of the Italo-Turkish war, Cerrina Feroni obtained the command of the Italian naval forces stationed in the Red Sea. Also in these operations the commander Cerrina proved skilled as he managed to convince the sheikhs of Yemen to rebel against the Ottoman Empire, obtaining new allies and always putting in greater difficulty the enemy, until May 6, 1912 when the Italian fleet won the Turkish one in the Battle of Kunfuda Bay (today Al Qunfudhah). It was an operation that earned Cerrina Feroni the appointment as "Officer of the Military Order of Savoy".

At the end of this clash, the Italian Prime Minister Giovanni Giolitti personally requested the captain Cerrina asking him to perform on behalf of the government some secret diplomacy missions in 1913. Subsequently Cerrina Feroni passed to the "Ministry of the Colonies", where he remained for several years, first as governor of Eritrea and then going to the same office in Somalia (from 1916 to 1920).

During WW1 he was appointed governor of Eritrea from 17 August 1915 to 16 September 1916; he did a second term in Asmara from 14 April 1921 to 1 June 1923.

In the following years he went up to the rank of "Admiral" of the Navy.

When he returned to the civil life, he accepted the role of President of the "Istituto per l'Africa italiana" in Rome[1].

He died in the capital of Italy in 1952.

Preceded by
Giuseppe Salvago Raggi
Italian Governor of Eritrea
1915–1916
Succeeded by
Giacomo De Martino
Preceded by
Giacomo De Martino
Italian Governor of Somaliland
1916–1919
Succeeded by
Carlo Riveri
Preceded by
Ludovico Pollera
Italian Governor of Eritrea
1921–1923
Succeeded by
Jacopo Gasparini

Awards[edit]

Photo of the "Piemonte" ship commanded by Cerrina Feroni in the Battle of Kunfuda Bay
  • Ufficiale OMS BAR.svg - Ufficiale dell'Ordine militare di Savoia[2]
  • Mauriziana BAR.svg - "Mauriziana" Medal
  • ItaloTurca.png - Medal (Italo-Turkish War)
  • Allied Victory Medal BAR.svg - Medal for Allies victory in WW1

References[edit]

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Bandini, Franco. Gli italiani in Africa, storia delle guerre coloniali 1882-1943. Longanesi. Milano, 1971.