Giovanni Ludovico Bianconi
Giovanni Ludovico Bianconi (1717 in Bologna – 1781 in Perugia), was an Italian doctor and antiquarian, a multi-facetted scholar who was mentor and correspondent of the connoisseur and early art historian, Johann Joachim Winckelmann. Bianconi was doctor at the court of Joseph Ignaz Philipp von Hessen-Darmstadt, Prince-Bishop of Augsburg, from 1744 and councillor to Augustus III, Elector of Saxony, at Dresden.
His Scritti tedeschi (1763) sent from Dresden to Marchese Filippo Hercolani and to Francesco Algarotti, described the assembly and furnishing of the Electoral paintings gallery, with which Algarotti had been closely concerned; the collection formed the nucleus of the Gemäldegalerie at Dresden, initiated with the block purchase of some hundred paintings from the Este collection, Modena, in 1745— which Bianconi enriched with the purchase of Raphael's Sistine Madonna in 1753— These Scritti tedeschi were edited and set in their historical context by Giovanna Perini (Argelato, 1998).
In the changed atmosphere and straightened finances following the Seven Years' War, Bianconi found it time to return to Italy, where he spent the rest of his career.
Among his published work were a book on Piranesi (1779), Anton Raphael Mengs (1780) and the disquisition on the Baths of Caracalla, Descrizione dei circhi particolarmente di quello di Caracalla (published posthumously, 1789). He also published extensively Winckelmann's reports from Herculaneum.
Early biographies were Mariotti, Delle lodi di L. B., (Perugia), 1781, and Sassoli, Della vita e delle opere di Giovanni Ludovico Bianconi, Bologna, 1885.
Delle Lodi del Signor Consigliere Gio. Lodovico Bianconi. Perugia: Riginaldi, 1781. 39 p.
- Dictionary of Art Historians, s.v. "Giovanni Ludovico Bianconi".
- Giovanna Perini, "Dresden and the Italian Art Market in the Eighteenth Century: Ignazio Hugford and Giovanni Ludovico Bianconi" The Burlington Magazine 135 No. 1085 (August 1993:550-559, with bibliography on Bianconi and the Dresden collection.
- Perini 1993.
- Bianconi, Elogio storico del Cavaliere Anton Raffaele Mengs: Con un Catalogo delle Opere da esso fatte. Milan 1780; it was rapidly translated into French (1781) and German (1781).
- Perini 1993:550.