Giovanni Michelotti (October 6, 1921 – January 23, 1980) was one of the most prolific designers of sports cars in the 20th century. His notable contributions were for Ferrari, Lancia, Maserati and Triumph marques. He was also associated with truck designs for Leyland Motors, and with designs for British Leyland (including the Leyland National bus) after the merger of Leyland and BMC.
Born in Turin, Italy, Michelotti worked for a number of coachbuilders, notably Stabilimenti Farina, Vignale and Allemano, before opening his own design studio in 1959. He was among the automobile designers who worked for many manufacturers as an independent designer mostly.[clarification needed]
Towards the end of his life, asked whether he had ever designed anything other than cars, Michelotti acknowledged that virtually all of his design work had involved cars, but he admitted to having designed a coffee making machine shortly after the war.
- Ferrari 166 Inter Coupé and Cabriolet for Stabilimenti Farina; Coupé for Ghia; Coupé for Vignale
- Ferrari 166 MM Coupé and Spider for Vignale
- Ferrari 212 Inter Coupé, Spider and Cabriolet for Ghia; Coupé, Spider and Convertible for Vignale; Coupé for Ghia-Aigle
- Ferrari 212 Export Barchetta, Spider, Convertible and Coupé for Vignale
- Ferrari 225 Sport Coupé and Spider for Vignale
- Ferrari 225 Export Barchetta, Spider and Coupé for Vignale
- Ferrari 250 MM Coupé and Spider for Vignale
- Ferrari 250 Europa Coupé and Spider for Vignale
- Ferrari 340 America Coupé and 2+2 Coupé for Ghia; Coupé and Spider for Vignale
- Ferrari 340 Mexico Coupé and Spider for Vignale
- Ferrari 340 MM Spider for Vignale (some later uprated to 375 MM spec)
- Ferrari 342 America Convertible for Vignale
- Ferrari 375 MM Coupé for Ghia
- Ferrari 375 America Coupé for Vignale
- Ferrari 330 GT Michelotti Coupé
- Ferrari 365 GTB/4 Michelotti N.A.R.T. Spyder
- Ferrari 275 P
- Maserati A6G/54 2000 Allemano Coupé
- Maserati 3500 GT Spyder, for Vignale
- Maserati 5000 GT Coupè, for Carrozzeria Allemano and Carrozzeria Michelotti
- Maserati Sebring (1962, for Vignale)
- Maserati Indy for Vignale
- Maserati Mistral Spyder
From the late 1950s he was responsible for all new models produced by Standard Triumph, starting with a facelift of the Standard Vanguard and going on to design models for Triumph such as the Herald, Spitfire, GT6, TR4, 2000, 1300, Stag, and Dolomite. He also created a number of prototypes which did not go into production, such as the Fury. The only Triumphs after 1960 that were not his work were the TR6 and the TR7, plus the Honda-based Acclaim.
After Triumph's parent company Leyland Motors became a part of British Leyland, Michelotti undertook a facelift of the BMC 1100 – which became the Spanish-built Austin Victoria and also the South African-built Austin Apache. He also designed the Leyland National bus and the Australian-made Leyland P76.
In the 1960s, Michelotti designed a glass-reinforced plastic (GRP) cab for certain lorries made by Scammell, who had become part of Leyland Motors in 1955. The cab was used for the Routeman, Handyman and Trunker models.
Giovanni Michelotti's BMW association started with the BMW 700 (1959) and later the successful BMW New Class series of designs of which the most notable is the BMW 2002. His sport sedan designs later became the BMW design language, that was continued and refined by Ercole Spada well into the 1980s.
Michelotti also worked with the Dutch firm DAF, starting in 1963 with redesigning the ageing Daffodil 31 model into the Daffodil 32. The Shellette beach car was also originally developed to use DAF underpinnings. The DAF 44 (1966) was a completely new design from his hand and he also helped form its derivatives, which culminated in the Volvo 66 (1975).
Michelotti did present a few cars under its own name. The "Shellette" was a beach car with wicker seats and dashboard, in the spirit of Ghia's Fiat 500 and 600 "Jolly"s, but designed in a collaboration with yacht designer Philip Schell. Originally constructed with DAF underpinnings, it was later built with Fiat 850 mechanicals. Unlike the Ghia Jolly, the 47 PS (35 kW) Shellette was a reasonably useful car capable of a 60 mph (97 km/h) cruising speed and had a heater and various other creature comforts. Only about 80 were built, with around ten still extant. Famous buyers include the Dutch Royal Family, who used an early DAF-based Shellette at their summer property in Porto Ercole, and Jacqueline Onassis, who employed a later model Shellette on the Onassis' private island Skorpios.
Around 1980, the Fiat 127-based "Every" appeared, a light buggy-styled vehicle. Michelotti also marketed a luxurious version of the Daihatsu Taft. In 1985 the Michelotti PAC was presented, a one-off citycar prototype (PAC = "Project Automotive Commuter") based on the Daihatsu Cuore.
For other companies he designed the following (incomplete):
- Alfa Romeo Giulietta Sprint Veloce 'Goccia' (1961)
- Alfa Romeo 2600 Berlina De Luxe for OSI
- Alfa Romeo 2000 Coupé Vignale
- Lancia Aprilia Coupè (1949)
- Lancia Appia Convertible (1957)
- Lancia Flavia Convertible
- Lancia Aurelia B50 and B52 Vignale Coupé
- Lancia Aurelia B53 Allemano Coupé
- Lancia Aurelia Nardi Blue Ray 1 and 2, for Vignale
- Matra 530 (1970) facelift
- Alpine A106 (1955)
- Alpine A108
- Alpine A110
- Hino Contessa Sprint 900 (1962)
- Hino Contessa 1300 (1965)
- Prince Skyline Sport (1960)
- Armstrong Siddeley (a one off car based on the Sapphire 234 chassis for a Spanish client).
- Reliant Scimitar SS1 (1984) which was his last design to reach production, four years after his death.
- Fiat 8V Coupé, Convertible and Demon Rouge for Vignale
- Siata 208S (Bertone)
- Mazzocchi, Gianni, ed. (March 1978). "Conversazione con Giovanni Michelotti: Tante, tante automobili" [A conversation with Giovanni Michelotti: Many, Many Cars]. Quattroruote (in Italian) (Milan, Italy: Editoriale Domus) 23 (268): 114. Retrieved 2012-03-11. Disegna sempre solo vetture? "Soppratutto, ma .... doppo la guerra anche una macchina per fare il caffe." (Q: Have you always designed only cars? A: Almost exclusively, but ... after the war also a machine for making coffee.)
- Tabucchi, Maurizio (2003). Maserati: The Grand Prix, Sports and GT cars model by model, 1926-2003. Milano: Giorgio Nada Editore s.r.l. p. 246. ISBN 8879112600.
- "The History of Scammell Lorries Limited". The Scammell Register. Retrieved 2008-10-06.
- "361", Greenwich Concours d'Elegance Auction (Auction Catalogue), New York, NY: Bonhams & Butterfields Auctioneers, date of sale 2013-06-02, pp. 160–161, Sale Number 21153 Check date values in:
- Costa, André & Georges-Michel Fraichard, ed. (September 1980). "Salon 1980: Toutes les Voitures du Monde". l'Auto Journal (in French) (Paris: Homme N°1) (14 & 15): 202. M1117.
- Heitz, Rudolf, ed. (1985-08-01). Auto Katalog 1986 (in German) 29. Stuttgart: Vereinigte Motor-Verlage GmbH & Co. KG. p. 107. 81530/85001.
- Giovanni Michelotti
- Some Michelotti design studies
- Michelotti studio website
- BMW Designers Giovanni Michelotti on the page with an overview of automotive designers working for BMW.
- Registry for Fiat Shellette and Fiat Jolly MicroCars
- Lancia Aurelia B52 Vignale designed by Giovanni Michelotti