Giovanni Tacci Porcelli

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His Eminence
Giovanni Tacci Porcelli
Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria in Trastevere
Installed 13 June 1921
Term ended 30 June 1928
Predecessor James Gibbons
Successor Pedro Segura y Sáenz
Orders
Ordination 18 September 1886
Consecration 5 May 1895
by Amilcare Malagola
Created cardinal 13 June 1921
by Pope Benedict XV
Rank Cardinal-Priest
Personal details
Birth name Giovanni Tacci Porcelli
Born (1863-11-12)12 November 1863
Mogliano, Marche, Papal States
Died 30 June 1928(1928-06-30) (aged 64)
Rome, Kingdom of Italy
Buried Campo Verano cemetery
Nationality Italian
Denomination Catholic (Roman Rite)
Parents Luigi Tacci & Maria Monti Guarnieri
Previous post
Styles of
Giovanni Tacci Porcelli
External Ornaments of a Cardinal Bishop.svg
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See Nicaea (titular)

Giovanni Tacci Porcelli (12 November 1863 – 30 June 1928) was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Secretary of the Congregation for Oriental Churches from 1922 to 1927, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1921.

Biography[edit]

Tacci Porcelli was born in Mogliano to Professor Luigi Tacci and his wife Maria Monti Guarnieri. He received Confirmation on 22 December 1871, and studied at the seminary in Tolentino, the Pontifical Roman Seminary (from where he obtained his doctorates in theology and canon law), and the elite Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy. Ordained to the priesthood on 19 September 1886, Tacci Porcelli then did pastoral work in Fermo and Rome until 1895, and was later raised to the rank of Domestic Chamberlain of His Holiness. He also served as Dean of the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, a member of the Commission of Pontifical Schools, and an ecclesiasticus of several monasteries.

On 18 March 1895, he was appointed Bishop of Città della Pieve by Pope Leo XIII. He received his episcopal consecration on the following 5 May from Cardinal Amilcare Malagola, with Bishops Luigi Bonetti and Roberto Papiri serving as co-consecrators. He was later named Apostolic Delegate to Constantinople and Patriarchal Vicar for Latin-rite Catholics on 19 December 1904. After becoming Titular Archbishop of Nicaea on 10 March 1905, he was also made Nuncio to Belgium (31 December 1907) and Internuncio to the Netherlands (18 March 1911). Archbishop Tacci Porcelli was appointed Prefect of the Pontifical Household on 30 October 1918.

Pope Benedict XV created him Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria in Trastevere in the consistory of 13 June 1921. He was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 1922 papal conclave, which selected Pope Pius XI; erroneous reports from Rome claimed that Tacci himself had been elected by the Sacred College.[1] He was named Secretary of the Congregation for Oriental Churches on 8 August 1922, in effect the head of that dicastery, since until 1967 the pope served as the nominal head and reserved the title of Prefect to himself. He resigned his post in January 1927.

He died in Rome at the age of 64 and is buried in the Campo Verano cemetery.

References[edit]

  1. ^ TIME Magazine. Milestones July 9, 1928

External links[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Paolo Gregori
Bishop of Città della Pieve
18 March 1895 – 19 December 1904
Succeeded by
Giuseppe Angelucci
Preceded by
Antonio Vico
Nuncio to Belgium
31 December 1907 – 18 March 1911
Succeeded by
Achille Locatelli
Preceded by
unknown
Internuncio to the Netherlands
18 March 1911 – 30 October 1918
Succeeded by
Cesare Orsenigo
Preceded by
Pietro Gasparri
Prefect of the Pontifical Household
30 October 1918 – 13 June 1921
Succeeded by
Camillo Caccia-Dominioni
Preceded by
Niccolò Marini
Secretary of the Congregation for Oriental Churches
8 August 1922 – 29 January 1927
Succeeded by
Luigi Sincero