|Comune di Giovinazzo|
View of Giovinazzo from the sea.
|Metropolitan city||Bari (BA)|
|• Mayor||Tommaso Depalma|
|• Total||44.3 km2 (17.1 sq mi)|
|Elevation||18 m (59 ft)|
|Population (September 7, 2007)|
|• Density||460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||St. Thomas|
|Saint day||July 3|
After the Byzantine period, it became a countship (later a duchy). It became later a flourishing commercial centre, that had trading connections with Venice.
- The Co-cathedral, dedicated to Santa Maria Assunta (Mary's Assumption), built in the Norman period 1150–1180, in characteristic Apulian Romanesque style featuring Eastern and Western elements, consecrated in 1283 under bishop Giovanni II; under bishop Paolo De Mercurio (1731–1752) it got a thorough Baroque remodeling.
- Ducal Palace/Castle (17th century)
- Two columns of the Via Traiana, which however did not pass through the city.
In the neighbourhood is Castel del Monte, one of the most famous castles in southern Italy.
- The ecclesiastical antecedents of Giovinazzo are mirky (allegedly founded in 1020) until a (disputed) papal bulla from Pope John XIX in 1025 assigns it as suffragan to the ecclesiastical province of the Archdiocese of Bari; this was confirmed by Pope Alexander II (1063) and Urban II (1089).
- The Benedictines founded in the city first, by 1075, their monastery Santa Maria di Corsignano and by 1078 that of San Giovanni Battista. The thirteenth century saw the arrival of Franciscans, heremite Augustinians (both of whom supplied the see several bishops) and Clarisses.
- Jurisdictional disputes with archpriests of neighbouring Terlizzi ended with the erection on 26 November 1749 of a split-off petty Diocese of Terlizzi (also suffragan of Bari) by Benedict XIV papal bulla 'Unigenitus Dei Filius', but the two were held in personal union (aeque principaliter) from 24 April 1752. each see comprised a single parish, it its only town.
- On 27 June 1818 Pius VII's papal bulla 'De utiliori' suppressed both petty bishoprics, merging their diocesan territories into the Diocese of Molfetta, to which the last Bishop of Giovinazzo and Terlizzi, Domenico Antonio Cimaglia, was transferred as first incumbent of the resulting Diocese of Molfetta-Giovinazzo-Terlizzi.
- However Bourbon-king Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies obtained that on 4 March 1836 Pope Gregory XVI's bulla Aeterni Patris formally reinstated the dioceses of Giovinazzo and Terlizzi, again united aeque principaliter with the see of Molfetta but rendered exempt, i.e. immediately subject to the Holy See, not in any ecclesiastical province (so free from Bari).
- On 1986.09.30 both sees were suppressed again, merged (back) into the present Roman Catholic Diocese of Molfetta-Ruvo-Giovinazzo-Terlizzi (Molfetta simultaneously absorbed the Diocese of Ruvo), where each of the absorbed titles also retains a co-cathedral.
(all Roman Rite
- Suffragan Bishops of Giovinazzo
- First incumbent(?s) lacking
- Giovanni (1071? – 1075?)
- Pietro (1096–?)
- Bernerio (1113?–?)
- Orso (1124?–?)
- Berto (1172? – death 1178)
- Pietro (1184?–1191?)
- Maldisio (?–1200)
- Orso (? – death 1218)
- Pelmerio (1226.06.19 – 1246?)
- Leonardo da Sermoneta, Cistercian Order (O. Cist.) (1253.02.20 – ?)
- Salvio (1275–?)
- Giovanni, Friars Minor (O.F.M.) (1278 – death 1304.06)
- Giovanni, O.F.M. (1304 – death 1321.01.08)
- Guglielmo Alveniacci, O.F.M. (1329? – death 1332?)
- Giacomo Morola (1333.03.29 – ?)
- Giovanni (1342–?)
- Giacomo Carrubba (1343 – death 1350)
- Raimondo, Augustinians O.E.S.A.) (1350.12.01 – ?)
- Bernardo (1365?–?)
- Antonio Cipolloni, Dominican Order (O.P.) (1380?–1384), later Bishop of Fiesole (Italy) (1384 – 1388), Bishop of Volterra (Italy) (1390–1396), Titular Archbishop of Ægina (1396 – 1398), Metropolitan Archbishop of Torres (Italy) (1398? – death 1403?)
- Bishop Nicola (1386.05.21 – death 1390)
- Rolandino Malatacchi, O.E.S.A. (1390.05.22 – ?), previously Bishop of Tropea (Italy) (1357.06.14 – 1390.05.22)
- Grimaldo de Turcolis (1395.10.14 – ?)
- Sisto Coleta, O.F.M. (1399 – death 1414), also Bishop of neighbouring Ruvo (Italy) (1399.03.08 – ?resigned 1399)
- Pietro da Orvieto (1433.07.13 – ?)
- Crisostomo, O.F.M. (1443–?)
- Apostolic Administrator Antonio Cerdà i Lloscos, Trinitarians (O.SS.T. (1455.06.06 – 1458), while Cardinal-Priest of S. Crisogono (1448.02.17 – 1459.09.12), Bishop of Lérida (Spain) (1449.03.28 – 1459.09.12), Apostolic Administrator sede plena of Archdiocese of Ravenna (Italy) (1455.06.28 – 1459.09.12), Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals (1456 – ?resigned 1457.01.26); previously Metropolitan Archbishop of Messina (Sicily, Italy) ([1447.07.08] 1448.01.08 – 1449.03.28)
- Ettore Galgano (1458.02.27 – death 1462)
- Marino Morola (1462.10.01 – 1472.06.05), next Bishop of Sant’Agata de’ Goti (Italy) (1472.06.05 – death 1487.02.02)
- Pietro Antici Mattei (1472.06.05 – death 1496?), previously Bishop of Sant’Agata de’ Goti (Italy) (1469.04.17 – 1472.06.05)
- Spanish bishop Juan Antolínez Brecianos de la Rivera (1549-1574) introduced (?under Aragonese rule), in the bishopric the Counterreformation decrees of the Tridentine Council, holding a festive diocesan synod in 1566.
- Suffragan Bishops of Giovinazzo and of Terlizzi
- From 1818, see the incumbent Bishops of the Diocese of Molfetta, either merged or in personal union
- Exempt Bishops of Giovinazzo and of Terlizzi and Suffragan Bishops Molfetta
- From 1836, see the incumbent Bishops of the Diocese of Molfetta–Ruvo–Giovinazzo–Terlizzi, either in personal union or (from 1986) merged
- American actor John Turturro's father, Nicholas Turturro, immigrated to the United States from Giovinazzo in the first half of the 20th century.
- Raffaele Sollecito, falsely accused and incarcerated for the homicide of Meredith Kercher.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Giovinazzo.|
- Official website (in Italian)
- GCatholic, with Google satellite photo - former bishopric
- City of Giovinazzo (in Italian)
- Giovinazzo portal (in Italian)
- Beweb (Beni ecclesiastici in web) - Diocesi di Giovinazzo
- GCatholic - co-cathedral
- Bibliography - Ecclesiastical history
- Ferdinando Ughelli, Italia sacra, vol. VII, seconda edizione, Venezia 1721, coll. 720-740
- Vincenzio d'Avino, Cenni storici sulle chiese arcivescovili, vescovili e prelatizie (nullius) del Regno delle Due Sicilie, Napels 1848, pp. 264–265
- Giuseppe Gabrieli, Bibliografia di Puglia, parte II, p. 293
- Norbert Kamp, Kirche und Monarchie im staufischen Königreich Sizilien, vol. 2, Prosopographische Grundlegung: Bistümer und Bischöfedes Königreichs 1194 - 1266; Apulien und Kalabrien, Münich 1975, pp. 630–635
- Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p. 883
- Konrad Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, vol. 1, p. 288-289; vol. 2, pp. 169–170; vol. 3, pp. 216–217; vol. 4, p. 212; vol. 5, p. 231; vol. 6, p. 247
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