Gipsy Hill

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Gipsy Hill
Gipsyhill1.jpg
View down the upper straight of the street, Gipsy Hill, looking north towards the City of London
Gipsy Hill is located in Greater London
Gipsy Hill
Gipsy Hill
Location within Greater London
Population13,712 (2011 Census. Ward)[1]
OS grid referenceTQ332710
London borough
Ceremonial countyGreater London
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLONDON
Postcode districtSE19, SE27
Dialling code020 (8670 OR 8761)
PoliceMetropolitan
FireLondon
AmbulanceLondon
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°25′28″N 0°05′02″W / 51.4245°N 0.0840°W / 51.4245; -0.0840Coordinates: 51°25′28″N 0°05′02″W / 51.4245°N 0.0840°W / 51.4245; -0.0840

Gipsy Hill in south London is a hilly neighbourhood spanning the southern parts of the London Boroughs of Lambeth and Southwark characterised for its great views of the City of London and Dulwich.

Historically, north of its traditional Westow-Central Hill southern limit, it was split between the southern projections of the West Norwood daughter parish of Lambeth and the St Giles church daughter parish of Camberwell in Surrey until urban reforms of 1889 creating the County of London. It takes in, due to a diagonal, slightly weaving border, somewhat less of the London Borough of Southwark and has a ridge-top border along the retail/services/leisure street Westow Hill and residential street Central Hill with Upper Norwood in the London Borough of Croydon.

History and Geography[edit]

Gipsy Hill is the name of the central road that runs south upwards from Gipsy Road, where it becomes Alleyn Park near the southern end of Croxted Road, up to Central Hill and Westow Hill (a brief eastern continuation in the Crystal Palace Triangle). The latter are two crest-top roads marking the limit of Upper Norwood, part of the London Borough (and, here, former parish) of Croydon. Due to its station, as common across London, the name has been taken to extend to encompass a wider, in this case, upper hill-side zone in extreme projections of the two relevant boroughs.[citation needed] It takes its name from the presence of Gypsies in what was, until the 19th century, sparsely populated rurality.[2][3] On 11 August 1668, Samuel Pepys recorded in his diary that his wife had visited "the gypsies at Lambeth";[4] Keats also wrote about the Norwood gypsies.[5] The area's name derives from the Roma Gypsies who settled in the area during the 1600-1800s.[6]

At the east and west ends of the hill which descends more gently north, are the forked sources of the former River Effra.[citation needed]

The hill and particularly its southern climactic ridge are part of a much larger formation, the Norwood Ridge.[citation needed]

The area rapidly developed after Gipsy Hill railway station was opened in 1856, with large houses being constructed (most now subdivided) and blocks of council-built housing in the mid-20th century, a little remaining as assisted (Social) housing.[2] An 18-room nuclear bunker was constructed between 1963 and 1966 as part of a block of flats on the Central Hill Estate called Pear Tree House on Lunham Road.[7]

Politics[edit]

For the west, Gipsy Hill ward is represented by three elected members of Lambeth Borough Council (green and Labour); for fair apportionment it extends into West Norwood and West Dulwich. For the east, since 2018, two members represent Dulwich Wood ward on Southwark Council, which similarly extends into the Sydenham Hill area of what is traditionally Dulwich.[8]

Buildings and facilities[edit]

The Central Hill Estate was built in the 1960s-70s designed by Rosemary Stjernstedt, Roger Westman and the Lambeth Council planning department during the directorship of Ted Hollamby.[9]

Police[edit]

Gipsy Hill Police Station was on the A214, Central Hill, the western continuation of Westow Hill. It was London's highest station, an old Bench Mark SW, opposite, stated 360.6 feet (109.9 m) Above Ordnance Datum.

Pubs and independent breweries[edit]

Three of the pubs are central on the street Gipsy Hill: The Colby Arms, The Bull and Finch and The Great Southern[citation needed]. Higher but before Westow Hill, The Railway Bell is on Cawnpore Street, a side street.[10] The Two Towers and Paxton are on the relatively low, north-west Gipsy Road.

Two independent companies brew beer commercially: the Gipsy Hill Brewing Co. and the London Beer Factory.[11]

Schools[edit]

  • Elm Wood Primary School, Carnac Street.
  • Kingswood Primary School, Gipsy Road (on two sites).[12]
  • Park Campus Academy, Gipsy Road.
  • Paxton Primary School, Woodland Road.[13]

Elm Wood, Kingswood and Paxton schools are all members of The Gipsy Hill Federation.[14]

The nearest private school is in West Dulwich.

Churches[edit]

The following congregations meet in buildings that are readily identified as places of worship:

  • Berridge Road Community Church (Anglican), Berridge Road, SE19 1EF[15]
  • Christ Church, Gipsy Hill (Anglican), 1b Highland Road SE19 1DP[16]
  • Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses, Whiteley Road, SE19 1JT
  • Upper Norwood Methodist Church, Westow Hill, SE19 1TQ[17]

These buildings were constructed as places of worship but are now used for other purposes:

  • Former Gipsy Hill Wesleyan Chapel; converted into flats.
  • Former Gipsy Road Baptist Church; upper part: housing conversion; ground floor: nursery.
  • The tower of Christ Church, Gipsy Hill; converted in to a house following a fire in the nineteen-eighties.

Nearest places[edit]

a rarely surviving boundary marker for Camberwell/Lambeth parishes along the eastern branch of the Effra at Gipsy Hill is now a little buried by pavement

Nearest stations[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lambeth Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
  2. ^ a b Willey, Russ. Chambers London Gazetteer, p 192
  3. ^ "Romanygenes".
  4. ^ "Tuesday 11 August 1668 (Pepys' Diary)". Pepysdiary.com. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  5. ^ Miss_Jessel. "Gypsy Hill". The Haunted Palace. Retrieved 3 April 2022.
  6. ^ "Gipsy Hill History". Friends of Gipsy Hill. 12 February 2020. Retrieved 3 April 2022.
  7. ^ "The secret plan in place for if a nuclear bomb had been dropped on Croydon". Croydon Advertiser. 15 December 2017. Retrieved 4 August 2020.
  8. ^ "Empowering Communities programme".
  9. ^ "Housing estates: if they aren't broken…". the Guardian. 31 January 2016. Retrieved 3 April 2022.
  10. ^ "Pubs in Gipsy Hill : Pubs Galore".
  11. ^ "5 Places to Live in South London". UK Investor. 26 April 2016. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  12. ^ "Kingswood Primary School". Ofsted. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  13. ^ "Paxton Primary School". Ofsted. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  14. ^ "The Gipsy Hill Federation". Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  15. ^ "Christ Church Gipsy Hill". Gipsyhill.org.uk. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  16. ^ "Christ Church Gipsy Hill". Gipsyhill.org.uk. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  17. ^ Balston, James (7 December 2012). "The Triangle SE19: Upper Norwood Methodist Church". Thetrianglese19.blogspot.co.uk. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  18. ^ "HOME TRUTHS Errol Brown. - Free Online Library". www.thefreelibrary.com. Retrieved 3 April 2022.
  19. ^ "Krept and Konan: 'Radio stations will soon realise people like grime'". The Independent. 8 August 2015. Retrieved 3 April 2022.
  20. ^ "Hard Skin - Why Do Birds Suddenly Appear - Vinyl LP". Rough Trade. Retrieved 3 April 2022.
  21. ^ Alexandra Warren (5 January 2022). "Gipsy Hill writer Caleb Azumah Nelson wins Costa First Novel Award for Open Water". South London News. Retrieved 3 April 2022.

External links[edit]