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Sign at the Gipton Border outside Gipton Gate West. Locally made mosaic.
|Gipton shown within West Yorkshire|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
Gipton is a suburb of East Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, between the A58 to the north and the A64 to the south. It is joined with Harehills (adjacent to the west) as a City Council Ward. The suburb falls within the Gipton & Harehills Ward of the Leeds City Council. Gipton Wood is an area north of the A58 in the Roundhay Ward.
- 1 History
- 2 Religious architecture
- 3 Education
- 4 Amenities
- 5 Notable people
- 6 Location grid
- 7 Cultural references
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Gipton derives from Old English: the first element is a personal name: in this case, it is Gippa (same as in Ipswich, although almost certainly not the same man[according to whom?]) and tun "village, settlement, farm" (here, it refers to a village). The town's name was recorded as Cepetun, suggesting village with a market, suggesting a trading-town, or residence of the traders, as with Market Weighton. The first element of the name in the Domesday Book record wrongly suggests Old English ceap "market, trading-place",[according to whom?] but it was a corruption of the personal name, Gippa. However, a record from 1018 as Gipentune proves that the first element is a personal name. The name Coldcotes which prefixes many of the areas street names comes from 'cold cottages'.
The area of east Leeds from Burmantofts and Harehills to Killingbeck,Seacroft, Manston and Crossgates has a long history of mining for coal, ironstone and fireclay, with a large number of pits. Gipton Pit and the railway serving it opened in circa 1891/92 and was owned by the Low Moor Coal and Iron Company of Bradford who held extensive mineral leases in the Harehills area.The original lease was for 40 years and covered the extraction of coal and ironstone under the land at Potter Newton and Coldcotes. In 1896, the lease was renewed for a further 40 years. The pit was sunk in the wooded farmland between Harehills Lane and Oakwood Lane. The Low Moor Colliery Railway that linked Gipton Pit with the coal staithes on Harehills Lane can still be traced for much of its original length. At the eastern end of the railway, the pit head buildings, with winding gear, two shafts and railway sidings were just north of where Thorn Mount and Thorn Walk meet. The pit was eventually taken over by the Harehills Colliery Company in circa 1898 and was then closed in 1921. Much of the spoil heaps have been removed over the many years since the pit closed. The only remaining heap has recently been levelled and a new housing estate built.
The creation of the Gipton estate can be traced back to the work of Charles Jenkinson, the vicar of a poor city-centre parish. Jenkinson was familiar with the poor housing conditions of the local parishioners and was determined to help alleviate them. He finally got his chance in 1933 after the Labour Party won the municipal elections and set up a Housing Committee to oversee his programme and appointed him chair. Work began on the Gipton estate in April 1934 and involved the construction of a "Garden suburb" for the working classes with 2,750 houses with accommodation for around 13,000 people. The project was to take two years with the original programme calling for two roads 150 and 125 feet wide with tram tracks in the centre and grass verges at the side. The tracks were to link the estate to the city and other centres. There would be a large shopping centre with 40 shops at the heart of the estate and secondary shopping centres at other points. In addition, sites would be reserved for churches, schools, playing fields, medical practitioners, dentists, and other public facilities and the whole plan would cost £12 million. When complete the estate took on a structural character which, while not specific to the final plan, remains fundamentally unchanged today.
Church of the Epiphany
The Church of the Epiphany at the junction of Amberton Road and Beech Lane was constructed in 1936-38 with plans that were prepared by N.F. Cachemaille-Day, and is a Grade I listed building. The Epiphany was built by Armitage Hodgson of Leeds, with the foundation stone being laid on 12 July 1937. The church was consecrated by Geoffrey Lunt, Bishop of Ripon, on 14 May 1938 in the presence of Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood. The full title of the church is "The Bishop Burroughs (of Ripon) Memorial Church", but it is never used.
Church of St Nicholas
Work began on the Church hall in 1938 when the present site of 10 acres was purchased from Leeds Corporation at the cost of £6,766. 11s.7d by Holdright. The hall hosted dances, whist drives, parties, meetings and jumble sales. These were staged to raise the money to provide the people of St Nicholas' with a church and school. Holdright was later transferred to St Stephen's, Skipton. He was succeeded as parish priest by Herbert Backhouse who pursued the same course with. His and Holdright's work were realised when the third parish priest, O'Driscoll, was given the "go-ahead." The £74,000 Church was opened on 26 July 1961 by George Dwyer, Bishop of Leeds. The church seats 550 and the opening was marked by the celebration of Pontifical High Mass. Fabrics cost £58,000 and the furnishings £16,000. There is a 70 feet (21 m) high campanile over the baptistry. On top is an illuminated cross which can be seen from the surrounding hillsides.
Gipton Methodist Church
Gipton Methodist Church is a small urban church on the edge of housing estates and currently within a regeneration zone. The congregation comes from the local area including a sheltered housing complex. Gipton Methodist Church are part of a local Anglican-Methodist Covenant arrangement with the nearby Church of the Epiphany and both work closely together. They currently share joint Lent and Advent groups as well as services and Songs of Praise services together with parishioners from St Nicholas RC Church.
The primary schools located in Gipton are:
- St Augustine's RC Primary School, St Wilfrids Circus
- St Nicholas RC Primary School, Oakwood Lane
- Oakwood Primary Academy, North Farm Road
Fearnville Leisure Centre
Situated within the Gipton suburb is the Fearnville Leisure Centre. The leisure centre has a range of facilities such as a swimming pool, Outdoor full-size Astroturf pitch, 4 court sports hall & 19-station gym. The leisure centre makes use of these facilities to provide local residents with many activities to keep fit or relax such as a circuit training, swimming, badminton, parkour and aqua aerobics. The facilities are also available for private hire.
Henry Barran Centre
Henry Barran Community Centre is situated on Amberton Road, within Gipton. The original building was constructed circa 1920 and has undergone various changes to the space and additional extension built, the latest of which was completed in 1994. The centre is used as a multi-use community facility providing office/administration facilities, workshops, canteen, nursery & youth club. The community group Gipton Together are also based at Henry Barran Centre with the aim of providing the young residents of Gipton & Harehills with a safe space to go in the evenings and use arts and sports projects to act as crime prevention and crime diversionary alternatives.
The main supermarket on the estate is the Lidl at the lower end of Oak Tree Drive. There is a parade of shops situated on Coldcotes Drive that include a Co-operative Food store, a Premier Store, a William Hill Bookmakers, numerous Takeaway restaurants, and Gipton Working Men's Club. There is currently a small off-licence called Gipton Convenience Store and the Gipton Housing Office on Foundry Avenue. The northern side of the estate is served by a parade of shops along Oakwood Lane. The parade currently contains a variety of shops and amenities such as a Co-operative Food store, café, Undertakers, Boots Pharmacy, Dentist, Launderette & Hair Salon. The local area is also serviced by a small Tesco Express situated on the edge of Montagu Avenue and Easterly Road. The southern side of the estate is served by the amenities on York Road which includes the newly opened convenience stores Family Shopper.
The nearest large supermarkets are Asda in Killingbeck and Tesco Extra in Seacroft. Tesco Superstore in Oakwood & a Morrison's in Harehills. Cross Gates is the closest shopping area; its indoor shopping centre also provides the closest railway station to the area. The nearest bus station is the Seacroft bus station, which provides residents of Gipton with regular access to amenities throughout the city of Leeds. The estate is also only a short distance from Roundhay Park, one of the biggest city parks in Europe. providing residents with access to 700 acres of parkland, lakes, woodlands, formal gardens, several cafes, two playgrounds, a skate park and the popular visitor attraction Tropical World.
- Former Elmet (Wetherby, Garforth, Rothwell) MP, Colin Burgon is from Gipton.
- Author Jack Sheffield (born 1945, writer of humorous books such as "Teacher, Teacher") was born in Gipton.
- "Ward maps". www.leeds.gov.uk. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
- "FGVW - About the Woods - Gipton Spa - Bath House Time Line". www.fgvw.co.uk. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
- "Leeds Property: Gipton development now open for business". Yorkshire Evening Post. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
- Kelley, Peter; Mitchell, Murray. "MINING IN GIPTON" (PDF).
- "The Working Classes", Leeds City Council, Discovering Leeds. Retrieved 20 March 2016
- Callaghan, John. "Callaghan, J. (2015). Changing Landscapes: Gipton and Harehill (Leeds): A Superdiverse Inner City Ward. Working Papers in Translanguaging and Translation (WP. 7)" (PDF).
- Fraser, Derek (1980). A History of Modern Leeds. Manchester University Press. pp. 421, 422. ISBN 071900747X.
- Stuff, Good. "Church of the Epiphany - Leeds - Leeds - England". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 19 March 2016.
- "Bl. Edmund Sykes Catholic Parish, Leeds, St. Nicholas Church with Our Lady of Good Counsel Church". www.blessededmundsykes.org.uk. Retrieved 19 March 2016.
- "Leeds North and East Circuit - Gipton". www.leedsnandemethodist.org.uk. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
- "Churches Together". www.oakwoodchurch.info. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
- "Fearnville leisure centre". www.leeds.gov.uk. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
- "Henry Barran Community Centre update sheet" (PDF).
- "GIPTON TOGETHER". GIPTON TOGETHER. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
- "Retiring Leeds MP: Colin Burgon interview". Yorkshire Evening Post. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
- Jack Sheffield self-referenced website