The giraffe seahorse (Hippocampus camelopardalis) is a species of fish of the family Syngnathidae. It is found in coastal waters off of the south and east coasts of Africa, from South Africa to Tanzania, and possibly north to Kenya. It lives in estuarine seagrass beds, algae beds, and shallow reefs to depths of 45 metres (148 ft), where it can grow to lengths of 10 centimetres (3.9 in). It is expected to feed on small crustaceans, similar to other seahorses. This species is ovoviviparous, with males carrying eggs in a brood pouch before giving birth to live young. Individuals are sexually mature at around 6.5 centimetres (2.6 in). Major threats to this species could be habitat loss, through coastal development and pollution, and overexploitation through bycatch.
- Pollom, R. (2017). "Hippocampus camelopardalis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T10064A100939136. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2018). "Hippocampus camelopardis" in FishBase. February 2018 version.
- Lourie, S.A., A.C.J. Vincent and H.J. Hall, 1999. Seahorses: an identification guide to the world's species and their conservation. Project Seahorse, London. p.214
- Encyclopedia of Life
- IUCN Seahorse, Pipefish & Stickleback Specialist Group
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