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Coordinates: 47°05′54″N 6°48′59″E / 47.09843°N 6.8163°E / 47.09843; 6.8163

Girard-Perregaux SA
IndustryLuxury watchmaking
1852 (Girard & Cie)
FounderJean-François Bautte
Constant Girard
HeadquartersLa Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland
Area served
Key people
François-Henri Pinault
ParentSowind group, Kering

Girard-Perregaux SA (French: [ʒiʁaʁ pɛʁəɡo]) is a luxury Swiss watch manufacture with its origins dating back to 1791.[1][2] Since 2011, the Swiss holding group of Girard-Perregaux, Sowind Group, has been a subsidiary of the French Kering Group.[2] Headquartered in La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland, the company opened the Girard-Perregaux Museum near its headquarters in Villa Marguerite in 1999.[3]

Girard-Perregaux is regarded as a top-tier Kering brand.[4][5][6][7] It is best known for the historic Tourbillon with three gold bridges, which was awarded a gold medal at the 1889 International Exposition in Paris soon after the launch of the watch.[2][6][8] Other notable models from the company include Vintage 1945, Bi-Axial Tourbillon and so on.[8][9]


Early history[edit]

Constant Girard

In 1791, watchmaker and goldsmith Jean-François Bautte signed his first watches.[9] He created a manufacturing company in Geneva, grouping for the first time ever all the watchmaking facets of that time. This includes the engineering of the watch all the way to the final hand-assembly and hand-polishing of each watch.[1] In 1832, Jacques Bautte and Jean-Samuel Rossel succeeded Jean Bautte, becoming the head of the company.[1]

In 1852, the watchmaker Constant Girard founded Girard & Cie in La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland. He then married Marie Perregaux in the same year, and the Girard-Perregaux Manufacture was founded in 1856.[9] In 1906, Constant Girard-Gallet, who took over control of the Manufacture from his father, acquired the Bautte House and merged it with Girard-Perregaux & Cie.[10]

Recent developments[edit]

Since the quartz crisis, the brand has pursued its activities by reinforcing from the 1980s its position in the domain of high-quality mechanical watches. Since late 1980s, Girard-Perregaux has been a part of the Swiss Sowind Group.[2][9]

In 1999, the Villa Marguerite, a building in La Chaux-de-Fonds from the beginning of the 20th century, became the Girard-Perregaux Museum. A selection of old watches and documents illustrating the history of the brand is presented there.[3]

In 2011, Sowind Group, the Swiss holding incorporating Girard-Perregaux, became a subsidiary of the French Kering Group.[2]

Watch manufacturing[edit]

In 1965, Girard-Perregaux designed the first high-frequency mechanical movement, with the balance beating at 36,000 vibrations/hour: the Gyromatic HF

Girard-Perregaux relies on being a manufacturer of movements and watches, and a manufacturer of cases and bands. They bring together some tens of different components: watchmakers, engineers, movement decorators, polishers, etc. This global approach, founded on the traditional know-how of the watchmaking craftsmanship, allows them to create and direct high quality watches and movements from the assembly stages all the way to the final encasement.[11]

Girard-Perregaux designs, manufactures and develops its own movements:

  • a large collection of high-end watch making movements, of which the Tourbillon with three gold bridges is the emblematic piece.
  • a complete range of mechanical movements at automatic reassembly (GP2700, GP3200, GP3300, GP4500), that can fit all the types of watches, all by serving as the base for the module constructions of mechanisms with complications.
  • Quartz movements

Notable patents[edit]

The Manufacture has approximately 80 patents in the watchmaking domain and is the originator of many innovative concepts.

  • 1965: Girard-Perregaux designed the first mechanical movement at high frequency, with the balance beating at 36,000 vibrations/hour: the Gyromatic HF.[12]
  • 1967: Girard-Perregaux receives the Centenary Award from the Astronomical Observatory de Neuchatel in recognition of the accomplishments of the Manufacture generally, and specifically for the Observatory Chronometer wristwatch that used the Gyromatic HF movement.
  • 1970: Girard-Perregaux presents its first wristwatch to the world to be equipped with a quartz movement and the following year a second one which vibrates at 32,768 hertz, the frequency remaining the universal standard for quartz watches today.
  • 2008: Girard-Perregaux presents prototypes of a constant-force escapement, distinguishing itself from all the other known escapements to this day. The first watch housing the constant escapement is presented in 2013.[13][14]

Notable models[edit]

Tourbillon with three gold bridges

Tourbillon with three gold bridges[edit]

It is the emblematic model of Girard-Perregaux.[2][6][8] In 1884, Constant Girard submitted to the United States Patent Office a patent of the design of the movement “Tourbillon with three gold bridges.” The three bridges were redesigned in the form of arrows and placed parallel to each other. The movement was no longer just a functional and technical element, but it also became an element of design in every way. In 1889, the Tourbillon with three gold bridges was awarded a gold medal at the Universal Exposition of Paris.[2][6]

In 1980, Girard-Perregaux decided to make 20 pieces to conform to the original of 1889: 1500 hours of work were necessary to create the first one. To celebrate its bicentenary in 1991, the company created a miniaturized wristwatch version of its famed Tourbillon with three gold Bridges. Since then, it is offered in different versions, and is sometimes associated with other watchmakers’ complications.

Vintage 1945[edit]

Vintage 1945 has a rectangular case and a design inspired by an Art Deco style watch dating back to 1945.[6] The Vintage 1945 is powered by the Girard-Perregaux 9600-0019, mechanical self-winding movement, an all in-house movement.[15]

Girard-Perregaux 1966[edit]

In 2012, Girard-Perregaux introduced a new Girard-Perregaux 1966 Full Calendar and a 1966 Chronograph, which has been highlighted as a new grand classic by Girard-Perregaux themselves.[16] This Girard-Perregaux 1966 is a slightly larger faced model than previously issued by the watchmaker at 42 mm and may be a sign of the changing demands upon watchmakers by the watch enthusiast community.[17][18]

Notable patrons and owners[edit]

An award-winning Girard-Perregaux pocket watch

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Girard-Perregaux (2017-10-13). "The History of Girard-Perregaux". Girard-Perregaux. Retrieved 2018-12-24.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Girard-Perregaux | Kering". Retrieved 2018-12-24.
  3. ^ a b "Girard-Perregaux Museum - Villa Marguerite - Fondation de la Haute Horlogerie". Retrieved 2018-12-24.
  4. ^ "Girard-Perregaux Watches - Girard-Perregaux brand - Bridges collection - WorldTempus". Retrieved 2019-03-02.
  5. ^ October 14, Jack Forster; 2015. "Hands-On: The Girard-Perregaux 1966 In Steel". HODINKEE. Retrieved 2019-03-02.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  6. ^ a b c d e "Girard-Perregaux - Fondation de la Haute Horlogerie". Retrieved 2018-12-24.
  7. ^ "Girard-Perregaux". WatchTime - USA's No.1 Watch Magazine. Retrieved 2019-03-02.
  8. ^ a b c "Girard-Perregaux". HODINKEE. Retrieved 2018-12-24.
  9. ^ a b c d "History - Fondation de la Haute Horlogerie". Retrieved 2018-12-24.
  10. ^ François Chaille, Girard-Perregaux
  11. ^ François Chaille, Girard-Perregaux
  12. ^ François Chaille, Girard-Perregaux
  13. ^ April 11, Benjamin Clymer; 2013. "In-Depth: The Girard-Perregaux Constant (Force) Escapement, Explained". HODINKEE. Retrieved 2018-12-24.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  14. ^ "Watch Bridges Constant Escapement L.M 93505-21-631-BA6E". Girard-Perregaux. 2016-12-02. Retrieved 2018-12-24.
  15. ^ The Watch Review Site, "Girard-Perregaux Vintage 1945 Three Gold Bridges", March 2012
  16. ^ The Watch Review Site, "Girard-Perregaux 1966 Chrongraph 42mm", March 2012
  17. ^ February 23, Evald Muraj; 2015. "Introducing The Girard-Perregaux 1966, With Guilloché Dial And Reduced Sizing". HODINKEE. Retrieved 2018-12-24.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  18. ^ "1966 Collection - Girard-Perregaux: Swiss watch manufacture". Girard-Perregaux. 2016-10-14. Retrieved 2018-12-24.
  19. ^ October 22, Valerie Jack |; 2013 (2013-10-22). "Quentin Tarantino Spotted Wearing Girard-Perregaux 1966 Annual Calendar & Equation of Time". Luxury Watch Trends 2018 - Baselworld SIHH Watch News. Retrieved 2018-12-24.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  20. ^ Girard-Perregaux (2013-10-21). "Girard-Perregaux, Tribute to Quentin Tarantino, Lumière Award 2013". Girard-Perregaux. Retrieved 2018-12-24.
  21. ^ "Girard-Perregaux Partners Kobe Bryant Foundation". Luxury Insider. 2012-05-23. Retrieved 2018-12-24.
  22. ^ "The On- And Off-Screen Watches Of Brosnan, Pierce Brosnan". Quill & Pad. 2016-08-08. Retrieved 2018-12-24.
  23. ^ byWatchTime, Written (2012-10-24). "Girard-Perregaux and Hugh Jackman Fight Cancer". WatchTime - USA's No.1 Watch Magazine. Retrieved 2018-12-24.
  24. ^ "Celebrity Watches | Official Watches Blog | London". Official Watches. 2015-04-20. Retrieved 2018-12-24.
  25. ^ "Nicolas Sarkozy Wearing Girard-Perregaux". LUXUO. 2010-03-16. Retrieved 2019-01-27.
  26. ^ February 22, Daniel Novela |; 2013 (2013-02-22). "Power, And the Watch". Luxury Watch Trends 2018 - Baselworld SIHH Watch News. Retrieved 2019-01-27.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  27. ^ says, Kieran (2011-10-20). "5 Antique Pocket Watches Over 100 Years Old | Luxury Bazaar". Luxury Bazaar -. Retrieved 2019-01-19.
  28. ^ Weare, Michael (2013-12-05). "Girard-Perregaux Brand Profile". DreamChrono. Retrieved 2019-01-19.
  29. ^ "Girard Perregaux Heritage Dates Back to 1791". Retrieved 2019-01-19.

External links[edit]