Girgashites

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Girgashites (Heb. גִּרְגָּשִׁי) are one of the tribes indigenous to the land of Canaan as mentioned in Gen. 15:21; Deut. 7:1; Josh. 3:10; Neh.[1] 9:8. The Girgashites are also known as the fifth ethnic group that descended from Canaan (Gen. 10:16; i Chron. 1:14).[2] Although the Girgashites are not referred to in the narrative of the wars of conquests, and their locality is not stated, they are named by Joshua among the peoples the Israelites dispossessed (24:11).[3]

They have been uncertainly identified with the Qaraqisha, allies of the Hittites in their wars with Ramses ii.[4] If that identification is correct the Girgashites would have been part of the southward migrations from Anatolia of peoples displaced by the fall of the Hittite empire ca. 1200 b.c.e. A personal name grgš appears in Ugaritic, but its connection with this people is unknown.[5] The sibilant termination of the biblical name suggests a Hurrian origin.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hastings, James; Selbie, John Alexander; Davidson, Andrew Bruce; Driver, Samuel Rolles; Swete, Henry Barclay (1899). A Dictionary of the Bible: Dealing with Its Language, Literature, and Contents, Including the Biblical Theology. T. & T. Clark.
  2. ^ Kitto, John (1864). A Cyclopædia of Biblical Literature. A. & C. Black.
  3. ^ Groot, N. G. De (1879). The History of the Israelites and Judæans: Philosophical and Critical. Trübner & Company.
  4. ^ Allen, Clifton J. (1970). The Broadman Bible Commentary: Acts. Romans. 1 Corinthians. Broadman Press. ISBN 978-0-8054-1125-6.
  5. ^ Allen, Clifton J. (1970). The Broadman Bible Commentary: Acts. Romans. 1 Corinthians. Broadman Press. ISBN 978-0-8054-1125-6.
  6. ^ Hastings, James; Selbie, John Alexander; Davidson, Andrew Bruce; Driver, Samuel Rolles; Swete, Henry Barclay (1899). A Dictionary of the Bible: Dealing with Its Language, Literature, and Contents, Including the Biblical Theology. T. & T. Clark.