Girifalco

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Girifalco
Comune
Comune di Girifalco
Girifalco centro storico.jpg
Girifalco is located in Italy
Girifalco
Girifalco
Location of Girifalco in Italy
Coordinates: 38°49′25″N 16°26′25″E / 38.82361°N 16.44028°E / 38.82361; 16.44028Coordinates: 38°49′25″N 16°26′25″E / 38.82361°N 16.44028°E / 38.82361; 16.44028
Country Italy
Region Calabria
Province / Metropolitan city Catanzaro (CZ)
Government
 • Mayor Pietrantonio Cristofaro
Area
 • Total 43.1 km2 (16.6 sq mi)
Elevation 456 m (1,496 ft)
Population (31 December 2013)
 • Total 5,945
 • Density 140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Girifalcesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 88024
Dialing code 0968
Patron saint St. Roch
Saint day 16 August
Website Official website

Girifalco is a comune and town in the province of Catanzaro in the Calabria region of southern Italy.

History[edit]

According to the newspaper "La Tribuna illustrata", Girifalco was born from the destruction of two ancient villages, Toco and Caria, during the Saracen invasions in 836 a.C. Residents fled to a cliff, which later called "Stone of the Monks" and rejected the Saracens throwing down the mountain stones. Those brave were called "Sacra Falange" (Sacred Phalanxes) and from this name in Greek the name Girifalco was born.

A minute of 1845 records a lodge called Fidelitas being founded at Girifalco in Calabria in 1723. In spite of the lack of earlier records, this is often cited as the first Masonic Lodge in Italy.[1]

Notes and references[edit]