Girna River

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The Girna river is a river in Maharashtra state of southern India. It originates at Kem Peak in the [[Western Ghats][Aadivasi Area- Tribal]] range of Nashik District, and flows east across Nashik District where Mausam River joins Girna river and then east into Malegaon District where it then swings north to join the Tapti River. The biggest dams on the Girna are Chankapur Dam built by British near Abhona in Kalwan tehsil [Where sarpganga river joins to Girna river] and Girna Dam. Girna Dam was built in 1969.[1] The name Girna derives from the name of the goddess Giraja (Parvati).

The basin of the Girna lies on the Deccan Plateau, and its valley has fertile soils which are intensively farmed.

The Gazetteer of the Bombay presidency describes the river as... "Rising in the western hills of the Kalvan sub-division of Nasik, and fed by streams from the northern slopes of the Chandor or Saptashring range, after a course of about 150 miles, falls into the Tapti near Savda-Nanded. Its course lies in nearly equal parts in Nasik and Khandesh. Passing through Nasik almost in a straight line eastwards, in Khandesh its course changes to north-east, till, near Jalgaon, it bends north and then north-west flowing for several miles with many windings almost parallel to the Tapti. In Khandesh, except in one or two places where it is hemmed in by rocky hills, the Girna, over a broad sandy bed, flows through a well tilled valley gradually spreading into the great central plain. Its waters, both in Nasik and Khandesh, are much used for irrigation. In Nasik lately repaired dams and channels water many of its upland valleys, and in Khandesh, from Eahal about ten miles north of Chalisgaon, the Jamda canals stretch east for about twenty-seven miles on the left and twelve miles on the right bank."[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Girna D01026". Retrieved February 28, 2013. 

Coordinates: 21°08′N 75°19′E / 21.133°N 75.317°E / 21.133; 75.317