Giro d'Italia automobilistico

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Giro d'Italia automobilistico
CategorySports cars
CountryItaly
Inaugural season1901
Inaugural season1973
Classes1973–1980: Group 5, Group 4, Group 3, Group 2, Group 1

The Giro d'Italia automobilistico was an automobile race around Italy, historically first held in 1901, then reinstituted as annual event between 1973 and 1980, resurrected for 1988 and 1989, and again in 2011. Both in its historical and modern iterations the Giro d'Italia was inspired by its French equivalent, the Tour de France Automobile.

History[edit]

1901[edit]

The first Giro d'Italia was organised by Club automobilistico di Torino (Automobile club of Turin) with the patronage of Milanese newspaper Il Corriere della Sera. Seventy-two crews enrolled.

The race started on 27 April 1901 in Turin; of the 72 cars which had enrolled, only 32 were present at the starting line.[1] These included nine Fiats, four Panhards, quattro Peugeots, three Renaults, two Rossellis, two Morses, and one each from Benz, Ceirano, Delahaye, Marchand, Daimler, De Dion, Isotta Fraschini and Darracq.

1973[edit]

Mario Casoni's De Tomaso Pantera Gr. 4 of Jolly Club (no. 457), 1973 edition winner, and Jean-Claude Andruet's Lancia Stratos Marlboro Prototype (no. 524), at the start of Casale Monferrato special stage.

The first Giro d'Italia automobilistico took place between 24 and 28 October. The race was part of the Italian Group 4 Championship.

Route and events[2][3]
Day Leg Circuit or route Event
25 October TurinVarano de' Melegari CesanaSestriere Hillclimb
Autodromo di Casale Circuit race
26 October Varano de' MelegariMisano Adriatico Autodromo di Varano Time trial
Autodromo del Mugello Circuit race
Autodromo Dino Ferrari Circuit race
Autodromo di Misano Night time trial
27 October Misano AdriaticoTurin Autodromo di Misano Circuit race
Autodromo di Varano Circuit race
Autodromo di Casale Night time trial
Podium finishers[3]
Rank Drivers Team
Car
Class Time
1
  • Italy Casoni
  • Italy Minganti
Italy Scuderia Nettuno
Italy De Tomaso Pantera Gr.4
Gr. 4 55 m 35.0 s
2
  • Italy Bonomelli
  • Italy Bonomelli
Italy Bonomelli Squadra Corse
Germany Porsche 911
Gr. 5 57 m 11.2 s
3
  • Italy Borri
  • Italy Anzalone
Italy Brescia Corse
Germany Porsche 911
Gr. 5 59 m 57.3 s
Class winners[3]
Class Drivers Car Time
Group 5
>1300 cc Bonomelli-Bonomelli Porsche 911 57 m 11.2 s
Group 4
>2000 cc Casoni-Minganti De Tomaso Pantera Gr.4 55 m 35.0 s
2000 cc Dal Ben-Besenzoni Fiat 124 S 1 h 08 m 47.8 s
1600 cc Dal Ben-Besenzoni Fiat 124 S 1 h 08 m 47.8 s
1300 cc Dal Ben-Besenzoni Alpine 1 h 08 m 47.8 s

1974[edit]

The 2º Giro d'Italia automobilistico took place between 14 and 20 October. The race was part of the Italian Group 4 Championship.

The works Fiat Rally team fielded four cars: two Fiat Abarth X1/9 prototypes (one driven by Ferrari F1 pilot Clay Regazzoni), a mysterious Abarth SE 030 prototype based on the yet unveiled Lancia Montecarlo (which scored a remarkable second place on its first outing), and finally a Group 4 124 Abarth Rally. Lancia was only represented by the Andruet/Biche's victorious Lancia Stratos Turbo. Another notable entrant was Arturo Merzario, on an ill-prepared Jolly Club Group 5 Stratos, stopped by an engine seizure already on the first day, at Casale. Of 85 on the starting grid, 52 finished the race.[4]

Route and events[5][6]
Day Leg Circuit or route Event
15 October TurinImola CesanaSestriere Hillclimb
Autodromo di Casale Race
16 October ImolaMisano Adriatico Autodromo Dino Ferrari Race
Autodromo del Mugello Race
17 October Misano AdriaticoVallelunga Autodromo di Misano Race
S. Stefano–Passo dello Spino Hillclimb
Autodromo di Magione Race
18 October VallelungaParma Autodromo di Vallelunga Race
S. Giorgio–Colonnetta Hillclimb
Quercegrossa–Croce Fiorentina Hillclimb
19 October ParmaTurin Autodromo di Varano Race
Autodromo di Monza Race
Podium finishers[6]
Rank Drivers Team
Car
Class Time
1
Italy Lancia Corse
Italy Lancia Stratos Turbo
Gr. 5 1 h 18 m 41.5 s
2
  • Italy Pianta
  • Belgium Beckers
Italy Abarth
Italy Abarth SE 030
Gr. 5 1 h 22 m 43.4 s
3
  • Italy Govoni
  • Italy Angelelli
Italy Scuderia Nettuno
Italy De Tomaso Pantera Gr.4
Gr. 4 1 h 24 m 10.5 s

1975[edit]

Giorgio Pianta's Fiat Abarth 031, 1975 edition winner, in action at the Imola stage.

The 3º Giro d'Italia automobilistico took place between 11 and 18 October. For 1975 the coefficient for hillclimb races times was raised to 3:1, thus favouring rally drivers over circuit drivers, less accustomed to racing on closed public roads; no Formula One drivers took parts to the 3rd Giro. Autodelta fielded a Alfa Romeo 33/3 in Group 5. The favourite Munari/Maiga duo ended sixth, but only after having witnessed their Alitalia Stratos Turbo burn to the ground after the last race. Winner were Pianta and Scabini on a 3.5-litre Abarth SE 031, a prototype based on a heavily modified Fiat 131.

Day Leg Circuit or route Event Notes
12 October TurinModena Autodromo di Monza Race
CesanaSestriere Hillclimb Race cancelled[7]
13 October ModenaMisano Adriatico Autodromo Dino Ferrari Race
Autodromo di Misano Race
14 October Misano AdriaticoMagione S. Stefano–Passo dello Spino Hillclimb
Autodromo di Magione Race
15 October MagioneOrvieto RietiTerminillo Hillclimb
Autodromo di Vallelunga Race
16 October OrvietoParma S. Giorgio–Colonnetta Hillclimb
Quercegrossa–Croce Fiorentina Hillclimb Race cancelled[8]
Autodromo del Mugello Race
17 October ParmaTurin Autodromo di Varano Race
Autodromo di Casale Race
Sources:[7][8]
Podium finishers[8]
Rank Drivers Team
Car
Class Time
1
  • Italy Pianta
  • Italy Scabini
Italy Abarth
Italy Abarth SE 031
Gr. 5 1 h 24 m 09.9 s
2
  • Italy Coggiola
  • Italy Pilone
Italy Scuderia Nord Ovest
Germany Porsche 911 Carrera RSR
Gr. 4 1 h 24 m 20.9 s
3
  • Italy Bocconi
  • Italy Lovato
Italy Scuderia Nettuno
Germany Porsche 3000
Gr. 3 1 h 25 m 57.6 s

1976[edit]

The 4º Giro d'Italia automobilistico took place between 17 and 20 October. The race was part of the Italian Group 4 Championship, Italian Group 5 Championship. A one-make "Trofeo Alfasud" was disputed by 15 Alfa Romeo Alfasud in separate races.

Amongst the notable entrants there were two Lancia-Marlboro Stratos Turbo of Facetti/Sodano and Pinto/Bernacchini, with the "silhouette" body allowed by the newly enacted Special production cars Group 5 rules. Despite looking almost identical, the two cars were very different; Pinto's Stratos used the previous year's carburetted engine, while Facetti's one had an all-new fuel injected and intercooled engine developing about 100 PS more.[9] Fiat sought to replicate its past year's success by entrusting Pinto another prototype 131, this time an unassuming Gr. 4 131 Rally made into a Group 5 car enlarging to 2.1-litre. Other Group 5 "silhouette" cars were Merzario's Ford Escort, Finotto's BMW-Schnitzer 2002 Turbo and Mannini's Fiat X1/9-based Dallara Icsunonove.

Facetti won with

Day Leg Circuit or route Event
17 October TurinMonza CesanaSestriere Hillclimb
Autodromo di Casale Race
Autodromo di Monza Race
18 October MonzaMisano Autodromo di Imola Race
Autodromo di Misano Race
18 October MisanoParma S. Stefano–Passo dello Spino Hillclimb
Autodromo del Mugello Race
20 October ParmaTurin Autodromo di Varano Race
Sources:[10][11]
Podium finishers[11]
Rank Drivers Team
Car
Class Time
1
  • Italy Facetti
  • Italy Sodano
ItalyLancia-Marlboro
Italy Lancia Stratos Turbo "Silhouette"
Gr. 5 2 h 51 m 10.0 s
2
  • Italy Bernabei
  • Italy Borgia

Germany Porsche 911 RSR
2 h 57 m 48.1 s
3
  • Italy Pittoni
  • Italy Baresi

Germany Porsche 911 Turbo
3 h 01 m 30.6 s

1977[edit]

The 5º Giro d'Italia automobilistico took place between 12 and 16 October.

Podium finishers
Rank Drivers Team
Car
Class Time
1
  • Italy «Vittorio C.»
  • Italy Monticone
Italy «Victor»
Germany Porsche 935
Gr. 5
2
  • Italy Bianco
  • Italy «Tambauto»

Germany Porsche 934
Gr. 4
3
  • Italy Pietromarchi
  • Italy Naddeo

Italy De Tomaso Pantera
Gr. 5

1978[edit]

The 6º Giro d'Italia automobilistico took place between 13 and 18 October. It was one of ten non-World Rally Championship races that counted for the FIA Cup for Rally Drivers. The race was also part of the Italian Group 4 Championship, Italian Group 5 Championship and the one-make "Trofeo Autobianchi A112 Abarth".

Winners were Alén/Pianta/Kivimäki on a works Lancia Stratos; Pianta drove on the track, while the Alén/Kivimäki rally duo tackled the road stages. The car was a modified Group 4 rally car, classed in Group 5 as it was fitted with the 24-valve engine and other components which had lost their FIA homologation that year. Markku Alén went on to win the FIA Cup for Rally Drivers, also thanks to points scored in the Giro.

Day Leg Circuit or route Event
14 October TurinImola Autodromo di Monza Race
Autodromo di Varano Race
15 October ImolaMagione Autodromo Dino Ferrari Race
Autodromo di Misano Race
16 October MagioneRieti Rieti–Terminillo Hillclimb
Autodromo di Vallelunga Race
17 October Rieti–Il Ciocco S. Giorgio–Colonnetta Hillclimb
Autodromo di Magione Race
S. Stefano–Passo dello Spino Hillclimb
18 October Il Ciocco–Turin Ronde del Ciocco Eight special stages
Podium finishers[6]
Rank Drivers Team
Car
Class Time
1
Italy Lancia Stratos
Gr. 5
2
  • Italy Facetti
  • Italy Finotto
  • Italy De Antoni

Germany Porsche 935
Gr. 5
3
  • Italy Magnani
  • Italy Pittoni
  • Italy Cresto

Italy Lancia Stratos
Gr. 4

1979[edit]

The two Lancias and other entrants were disqualified, and the first prize went to third-arrived Moretti, Schön and Radaelli privateer trio.

Podium finishers[6]
Rank Drivers Team
Car
Class Time
DQ Italy Lancia
Italy Lancia Montecarlo Turbo
Gr. 5 3 h 49 m 46.5 s
DQ Italy Lancia-Alitalia
Italy Lancia Montecarlo Turbo
Gr. 5 3 h 50 m 22.3 s
1
  • Italy Moretti
    Italy Schön
  • Italy Radaelli

Germany Porsche 935 TT
Gr. 5 3 h 56 m 34.9 s
2 Italy Fiat-Alitalia
Italy Fiat Ritmo 75 Abarth
Gr. 2 4 h 7 m 6.3 s
3
  • Italy Carello
    Italy De Cesaris
  • Italy Meiohas

Italy Lancia Stratos
Gr. 4 4 h 7 m 44.5 s

1980[edit]

Podium finishers[6]
Rank Drivers Team
Car
Class Time
1
Italy Lancia Montecarlo Turbo
Gr. 5 4 h 25 m 47.1 s
2

Italy Lancia Montecarlo Turbo
Gr. 5 4 h 40 m 7.6 s
3
  • Italy Pantaleoni
  • Italy Meloni
  • Italy Tedeschini

Germany Porsche 911 SC
Gr. 5 4 h 43 m 25.2 s

1988[edit]

The 9º Giro d'Italia automobilistico took place between 16 and 20 November 1988.

Day Leg Circuit or route Event
16-17 November TurinReggio Emilia Bollengo Special stage
Alba Special stage
Varzi Special stage
Autodromo di Varano Race
Berceto Special stage
Ciano d'Enza Special stage
18 November Reggio EmiliaMisano Adriatico Prignano Special stage
Zocca Special stage
Zattaglia Special stage
Autodromo di Misano Race
19 November Misano AdriaticoParma Autodromo di Misano Race
Vergato Special stage
Castagneto Special stage
Carpineti Special stage
20 November ParmaMonza Autodromo di Monza Race
Milan trade fair Super s. s.
Source:
Podium finishers[12]
Rank Drivers Team
Car
Class Time
1 Italy Alfa Romeo
Italy Alfa Romeo 75 Turbo IMSA
IMSA 2 h 43 m 22 s
2
Italy Alfa Romeo
Italy Alfa Romeo 75 Turbo IMSA
IMSA 2 h 43 m 46 s
3
  • Italy Nannini
  • France Loubet
  • France Andrié
Italy Alfa Romeo
Italy Alfa Romeo 75 Turbo IMSA
IMSA 2 h 44 m 13 s

1989[edit]

The 10º Giro d'Italia automobilistico took place between 14 and 19 November 1989.[13] A poker of Alfa Romeo 75 IMSA took the top positions; the third classified D'Amore/Noberasco/Cianci were privateers.[14]

Day Leg Circuit or route Event
14-15 November TurinCastelnuovo Garfagnana Lingotto Super s. s.
Alba Special stage
Canelli Special stage
Varzi Special stage
Autodromo di Varano Race
Berceto Special stage
Ciocco Special stage
16 November Castelnuovo GarfagnanaRome Ciocco Special stage
Poggibonsi Special stage
Campiglia d'Orcia Special stage
Autodromo di Vallelunga Race
17 November RomeMisano Adriatico Fiano Romano Special stage
Deruta Special stage
San Giustino Special stage
Autodromo di Misano Race
18 November Misano AdriaticoReggio Emilia Autodromo di Misano Race
Palazzuolo sul Senio Special stage
Vergato Special stage
Carpineto Special stage
19 November Reggio EmiliaMonza Autodromo di Monza Race
Source:
Podium finishers[14]
Rank Drivers Team
Car
Class Time
1
  • Italy Francia
  • Italy Cerrato
  • Italy Cerri
Italy Alfa Romeo
Italy Alfa Romeo 75 Turbo IMSA
IMSA 2 h 53 m 03 s
2 Italy Alfa Romeo
Italy Alfa Romeo 75 Turbo IMSA
IMSA 2 h 53 m 23 s
3
  • Italy D'Amore
  • Italy Noberasco
  • Italy Cianci

Italy Alfa Romeo 75 Turbo
2 h 54 m 53 s

2011[edit]

Day Leg Circuit or route Event
26 October TurinMonza Bielmonte Special stage
PrayCurino Special stage
Mottarone Special stage
27 October MonzaFranciacorta Autodromo di Monza Race
Val Taleggio Special stage
Colli San Fermo Special stage
28 October FranciacortaImola Autodromo di Franciacorta Race
Castelli di Canossa Special stage
Trinità Special stage
Autodromo di Modena SPS
29 October ImolaArezzo Autodromo di Imola Race
Monte Faggiola Special stage
Autodromo del Mugello Race
Talla Special stage
30 October ArezzoVallelunga Magione SPS
Prodo–Colonnetta Special stage
Autodromo di Vallelunga Race
Source:[15]
Podium finishers[16]
Rank Drivers Team
Car
Class Time
1
  • Italy Pitorri
  • Italy Gagliardini
  • Italy Bernardini
Italy Star Cars
Italy Porsche Cayman S CSAI GT4
GTT 3 h 9 m 8.327 s
2
  • Italy Forato
  • Italy Bianco
  • Italy Gasparotto
Italy Rubicone Corse
Italy Lamborghini Gallardo
GT 3 h 10 m 32.053 s
3
  • Italy Vallini
  • Italy Fraschia
  • Italy Fraschia
Italy PCR Sport
Italy SEAT León Supercopa
T 3h 13 m 41.472 s

Overall winners[edit]

Year Driver(s) and co-driver Car
1901 Fiat 8 HP
1902–1972: not held
1973[17][18]
  • Italy Mario Casoni
  • Italy Raffaele Minganti
De Tomaso Pantera
1974[17][19]
Lancia Stratos Turbo
1975[17][20]
Abarth SE 031
1976[17][21]
  • Italy Carlo Facetti
  • Italy Piero Sodano
Lancia Stratos Turbo
1977[17][22]
  • Italy «Vittorio C.»
  • Italy Piero Monticone
Porsche 935
1978[17][23] Lancia Stratos
1979[17][24]
  • Italy Gianpiero Moretti
  • Italy Giorgio Schön
  • Italy Emilio Radaelli
Porsche 935 TT
1980[17][25] Lancia Montecarlo Turbo
1981–1987: not held
1988[17] Alfa Romeo 75 Turbo IMSA
1989[17]
  • Italy Giorgio Francia
  • Italy Dario Cerrato
  • Italy Giuseppe Cerri
Alfa Romeo 75 Turbo IMSA
1990–2010: not held
2011
  • Italy Maurizio Pitorri
  • Italy Andrea Gagliardini
  • Italy Mara Bernardini
Porsche Cayman S GT4
2012–present: not held

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Biffignandi, Donatella (2001). "Giro d'Italia 1901" (pdf). www.museoauto.it (in Italian). Centro di Documentazione del Museo Nazionale dell'Automobile. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  2. ^ "Dal Tour al Giro" [After the Tour, the Giro]. Autosprint (in Italian). Bologna: Conti Editore. XIII (40): 16–17. 1 October 1973.
  3. ^ a b c "Le cifre del Giro" [Giro, the numbers]. Autosprint (in Italian). Bologna: Conti Editore. XIII (44): 26–27. 29 October 1973.
  4. ^ "Tutto il Giro pilota per pilota" [All the Giro driver by driver]. Autosprint (in Italian). Bologna: Conti Editore. XIV (43): 22–23. 29 October 1974.
  5. ^ "Giro eccoci!" [Giro here we come!]. Autosprint (in Italian). Bologna: Conti Editore. XIV (42). 18 October 1974.
  6. ^ a b c d e "La vittoria «tagliata» di Andruet" [Andruet's «cut across» victory]. Autosprint (in Italian). Bologna: Conti Editore. XIV (43): 25–29. 22 October 1974.
  7. ^ a b "La cascata delle Stratos" [Stratosses' fall]. Autosprint (in Italian). Bologna: Conti Editore (42): 23–25. 1975.
  8. ^ a b c Autosprint (in Italian). Bologna: Conti Editore (43): 19–27. 1975. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ "100 cavalli in meno la Stratos di Pinto". Autosprint (in Italian). Bologna: Conti Editore (41): 42. 1 October 1973.
  10. ^ Autosprint (in Italian). Bologna: Conti Editore (42). 1976. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. ^ a b Autosprint (in Italian). Bologna: Conti Editore (43): 45–50. 1976. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ "Biasion e Patrese, che coppia". Stampa Sera. 21 November 1988. p. 15. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  13. ^ "Sabato la prima prova Martedì dal Lingotto il Giro". Stampa Sera. 20 November 1989. p. 15. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  14. ^ a b "Primi Francia-Cerrato poi altre quattro «75»". Torino Sette. 10 November 1989. p. 34. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  15. ^ "Programma 2011" (PDF). giroditaliaauto.com. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  16. ^ "Classifica Finale Ufficiale" (PDF). giroditaliaauto.com. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Albo d'Oro" (pdf). giroditaliaauto.com. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  18. ^ "Giro d'Italia 1973". racingsportscars.com. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  19. ^ "Giro d'Italia 1974". racingsportscars.com. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  20. ^ "Giro d'Italia 1975". racingsportscars.com. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  21. ^ "Giro d'Italia 1976". racingsportscars.com. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  22. ^ "Giro d'Italia 1977". racingsportscars.com. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  23. ^ "Giro d'Italia 1978". racingsportscars.com. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  24. ^ "Giro d'Italia 1979". racingsportscars.com. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  25. ^ "Giro d'Italia 1980". racingsportscars.com. Retrieved 15 December 2014.