Girolamo Recanati Capodiferro
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At a young age, he was admitted to the court of Cardinal Alessandro Farnese, seniore, the future Pope Paul III. Pope Clement VII appointed him to several positions in the Roman Curia and gave him several nunciatures. Pope Paul III made him nuncio to the Kingdom of Portugal in 1541, and later that same year to the Kingdom of France to announce the calling of the Council of Trent. He was a datary from 1541 to 1544. In 1541, he also served as treasurer of the Apostolic Camera. He was the cardinal who announced what measures the Papal States would take to defend itself against possible attack by the Ottoman Empire.
Upon the recommendation of Cardinal Jacopo Sadoleto, Pope Paul III made him a cardinal deacon in the consistory of December 19, 1544. He received the red hat and the deaconry of San Giorgio in Velabro on January 9, 1545.
On August 26, 1545, the pope appointed him papal legate in Romagna. He was on February 25, 1547 named legate to Francis I of France to request that French bishops be allowed to travel to Bologna, where the Council of Trent had been moved. He returned to France a second time that year to propose a marriage between a French princess and the pope's natural son; Francis I did not look favorably upon this request.
He participated in the papal conclave of 1549-50 that elected Pope Julius III. The new pope appointed him as legate in Romagna for a second time. He was a participant in the papal conclave of April 1555 that elected Pope Marcellus II; the papal conclave of May 1555 that elected Pope Paul IV; and the papal conclave of 1559 that elected Pope Pius IV.