Gisborne (New Zealand electorate)

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Gisborne is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed from 1908 to 1996, and it was represented by 12 Members of Parliament.

Population centres[edit]

In the 1907 electoral redistribution, a major change that had to be allowed for was a reduction of the tolerance to ±750 to those electorates where the country quota applied. The North Island had once again a higher population growth than the South Island, and three seats were transferred from south to north. In the resulting boundary distribution, every existing electorate was affected, and three electorates were established for the first time, including the Taumarunui electorate. These changes took effect with the 1908 election.[1]

The city of Gisborne was located within the electorate. In the initial area covered by the electorate, the city was located near the electorate's northern border, and it went as far south as just short of Bay View. Wairoa was thus also located within the initial area.[2]

In the 1911 electoral redistribution, the southern boundary shifted north significantly, and Wairoa was lost to the Hawke's Bay electorate.[3] In the 1918 electoral redistribution, the Gisborne electorate lost large inland areas, but re-gained Wairoa.[4] In the 1922 electoral redistribution, changes to the boundaries were minimal,[5] and in the 1927 electoral redistribution, the electorate was left unaltered.[6]

In the 1937 electoral redistribution, large inland areas were gained and Wairoa lost.[7] The changes in the 1946 electoral redistribution were most significant, with the city of Gisborne now located near the southern boundary of the electorate, and all of the East Cape being gained. The electorate now included the settlements of Te Karaka, Matawai, Tolaga Bay, and Tokomaru Bay.[8]

History[edit]

The electorate existed from 1908 to 1996, when it was replaced by the Mahia electorate, which was renamed East Coast from 2002. Its first representative was James Carroll of the Liberal Party, who served for three terms until his defeat in the 1919 election.[9] Douglas Lysnar represented the Gisborne electorate from 1919 to 1931, when he was defeated.

In the 1928 contest Lysnar stood as an Independent supporter of the Reform Party and was successful. During 1930, he stopped supporting the Reform Party and became fully independent.[10] At the following election in 1931 he ran as an Independent, but was not returned,[11] beaten by Labour's David William Coleman.[12]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key

 Liberal    Reform    Independent    Labour    National  

Election Winner
1908 election James Carroll
1911 election
1914 election
1919 election Douglas Lysnar
1922 election
1925 election
1928 election
1931 election David Coleman
1935 election
1938 election
1943 election
1946 election
1949 election Reginald Keeling
1951 election Harry Dudfield
1954 election Reginald Keeling (2nd period)
1957 election
1960 election Esme Tombleson
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election
1972 election Trevor Davey
1975 election Bob Bell
1978 election
1981 election
1984 election Allan Wallbank
1987 election
1990 election Wayne Kimber
1993 election Janet Mackey
(Electorate abolished in 1996)

Election results[edit]

1935 election[edit]

General election, 1935: Gisborne[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David William Coleman 6,230 58.55 +13.61
Independent Douglas Lysnar 4,409 41.44 -0.34
Informal votes 79 0.74 +0.45
Majority 1,821 17.11 +13.50
Turnout 10,639 88.25 +4.83
Registered electors 12,055

1931 election[edit]

General election, 1931: Gisborne[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David William Coleman 4,436 44.94
Independent Douglas Lysnar 4,124 41.78
Reform Harry de Lautour 1,311 13.28
Informal votes 29 0.29
Majority 312 3.16
Turnout 9,900 83.42
Registered electors 11,867

1922 election[edit]

General election, 1922: Gisborne[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Douglas Lysnar 3,465 38.71 +0.80
Liberal George Wildish[15] 2,965 33.12
Labour Tom Brindle 2,521 28.16 -0.66
Majority 500 5.59 +0.94
Turnout 8,951 80.61 +10.95
Registered electors 11,104

1919 election[edit]

General election, 1919: Gisborne[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Douglas Lysnar 3,041 37.91
Liberal James Carroll 2,668 33.26
Labour Tom Brindle 2,312 28.82
Informal votes 114 1.40
Majority 373 4.65
Turnout 8,135 69.66
Registered electors 11,678

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 71f.
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 70f.
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 74f.
  4. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 78f.
  5. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 82f.
  6. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 87.
  7. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 90f.
  8. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 94f.
  9. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 188.
  10. ^ "State of Parties". Auckland Star. LXII (5). 7 January 1931. p. 3. Retrieved 31 October 2014. 
  11. ^ Wilson, James Oakley (1985), The New Zealand Parliamentary Record 1840–1984 (4th ed.), Wellington, [N.Z.]: Government Printer 
  12. ^ a b The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 2. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  13. ^ The General Election, 1935. National Library. 1936. pp. 1–35. Retrieved 3 August 2013. 
  14. ^ "Official Counts". The Evening Post. CIV (144). 15 December 1922. p. 8. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 
  15. ^ "Women Take Part". The Evening Post. CXX (107). 1 November 1935. p. 14. Retrieved 11 November 2013. 
  16. ^ The New Zealand Official Year-Book. Government Printer. 1920. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.