Gisela Stuart

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Gisela Stuart
GiselaStuartOct2008.jpg
Stuart in 2008
Member of Parliament
for Birmingham Edgbaston
In office
1 May 1997 – 3 May 2017
Preceded byJill Knight
Succeeded byPreet Gill
Personal details
Born
Gisela Gschaider

(1955-11-26) 26 November 1955 (age 63)
Velden, Bavaria, West Germany
CitizenshipBritish
Political partyLabour
Spouse(s)
  • Robert Stuart
    (m. 1980; div. 2000)
  • Derek Scott
    (m. 2010; died 2012)
Children2
Alma mater
OccupationChair, Change Britain

Gisela Stuart (née Gschaider; 26 November 1955) is a British Labour Party politician, who served as the Member of Parliament for Birmingham Edgbaston from 1997 until stepping down at the 2017 general election. Born and raised in West Germany, she has lived in the UK since 1974.

Stuart was Chair of the Vote Leave Campaign Committee and leader with Conservative MP Michael Gove. The Vote Leave campaign was successful in achieving their primary goal at the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016. Since September 2016, Stuart has served as Chair of Vote Leave's successor organisation, Change Britain. In October 2018 she was appointed as Chair of Wilton Park, an executive agency of the UK Foreign Office dedicated to conflict resolution in international relations.[1]

Early life[edit]

Gisela Gschaider was born in Velden, Bavaria, and raised in her parents' Roman Catholic faith. She attended the Realschule Vilsbiburg in Vilsbiburg.

After doing an apprenticeship in bookselling, she moved to the UK in 1974 in order to improve her English and to do a Business Studies course at Manchester Polytechnic.[2] She was deputy director of the 1983 London Book Fair.[3] Stuart subsequently relocated to the Midlands.

She graduated from the University of London with an LLB in 1993, having studied through the University of London External System.[4] She began researching for a PhD in trust law (ownership of pension funds) at the University of Birmingham whilst also lecturing Law to AAT students at Worcestershire College, but did not complete her PhD and instead went into politics full-time.[1]

In 1994, as Gisela Gschaider, Stuart contested the Worcester and South Warwickshire seat at the European elections[5] for Labour. She lost by 1,000 votes.

Parliamentary career[edit]

In 1995, Stuart was selected as Labour's parliamentary candidate for the Birmingham Edgbaston constituency. The constituency, which had once been held by former Conservative Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain (1937-40), had returned only Conservative MPs for 99 years. The sitting Conservative MP at the time, Dame Jill Knight, was retiring after 31 years. On 1 May 1997, Stuart was elected as the first-ever Labour MP for the constituency, making it one of a succession of traditional Conservative seats to fall to Labour control in a landslide victory for the party. Stuart's victory was the first televised Labour gain of the evening.

During the first Tony Blair ministry, Stuart served on the Social Security Select Committee and in 1998 as PPS to Home Office Minister of State Paul Boateng, before joining the Cabinet in 1999 as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Health. Stuart left this post in the Cabinet reshuffle that followed after the 2001 UK general election.[6] Her election agent in that election was John Clancy, who became leader of Birmingham City Council in 2015.[7]

In Blair's second ministry, Stuart was appointed as one of the UK Parliamentary Representatives to the European Convention, which was tasked with drawing up a new constitution for the European Union. In this capacity, Stuart also served as one of the thirteen members of the Convention's Presidium - the steering group responsible for managing the business of the Convention.

When the draft Constitution emerged, Stuart was one of the most trenchant critics of the proposal, stating that it had been drawn up by a "self-selected group of the European political elite" determined to deepen European integration. She subsequently expounded these views in a 2004 Fabian Society pamphlet, The Making of Europe's Constitution. Consequently, she has argued in favour of British withdrawal from the European Union, becoming one of the leading Eurosceptic figures in the Labour Party.[8] In the BBC's two-hour televised debate on the EU referendum, Stuart appeared on the "Leave" panel, along with the Conservative MPs Andrea Leadsom and Boris Johnson.[9]

Between 2001-10, Stuart also served as a member of the House of Commons Select Committee on Foreign Affairs.[6]

She retained her seat at the 2005 UK general election but her majority was halved in both percentage and numerical terms. Despite the predictions of the pundits, Stuart went on to retain the seat at the 2010 general election, against a national tide of Labour defeat. The election resulted in the first hung parliament in 36 years, with the Conservatives having the most seats.[10] It earned her the title of Survivor of the Year at The Spectator magazine's 2010 Parliamentarian of the Year awards, which was presented to her by the new Conservative Prime Minister, David Cameron.[11] She retained her seat at the 2015 UK general election with a majority of 2,706 votes, more than double her majority from 2010.[12] She joined the Commons Select Committee on Defence.[6]

In October 2004, she became the only Labour MP who openly supported the re-election of George W. Bush at that year's U.S. presidential election, arguing "you know where you stand with George and, in today's world, that's much better than rudderless leaders who drift with the prevailing wind". She wrote that a victory for Democratic Party challenger, John Kerry, would prompt "victory celebrations among those who want to destroy liberal democracies. More terrorists and suicide bombers would step forward to become martyrs in their quest to destroy the West".[13]

Stuart is a signatory of the Henry Jackson Society principles, which promote the spread of liberal democracy across the world and the maintenance of a strong military with global expeditionary reach.[14] She is the editor of the weekly political magazine The House.[15]

She was sworn in as a member of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom in 2015, giving her the Honorific Title "The Right Honourable" for life.[16]

She announced on 19 April 2017 that she would not seek re-election at the 2017 snap general election. She was succeeded by Preet Gill, a British Labour Co-operative politician, and the first female British Sikh MP.[17]

Vote Leave[edit]

Stuart served as Chair of the successful Vote Leave campaign during the 2016 European Union membership referendum, which opposed the Labour Party Labour In for Britain campaign.[18] Stuart served as a principal figurehead for Vote Leave, along with Conservative MPs Boris Johnson and Michael Gove.

Her position as Chair of Vote Leave made her by far the most prominent Labour MP in the Leave Campaign, as she was the only one to join the official Leave campaign at all. Most of the other 10 Labour MPs that defied the party line on the EU joined the fringe group Labour Leave, which had a far more marginal role in the referendum.[19] Consequently, Stuart was the only Labour MP to take part in the official events, such as the televised debates, on behalf of the Leave side.[20]

As chair of Vote Leave she said: "Rather than sending money abroad to countries that want to join the EU, I believe we should be spending our money on our priorities here in the UK. Instead of giving an extra 88 million people - more than our entire population - access to the NHS I believe it would be safer to take back control. We should give our struggling NHS the £350m we send to the EU every week".[21]

In spite of her prominent position in the Leave campaign, her constituency of Birmingham Edgbaston voted to Remain in the EU.[22]

After stepping down at the 2017 general election, Stuart revealed that she had pushed for an exit clause in the European Constitution, which later became Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty.[23] Article 50 allows for withdrawal from the European Union by any member state and was invoked for the first and only time by Prime Minister Theresa May on 29 March 2017.[24]

In a book entitled How to Lose a Referendum published on its first anniversary in June 2017, Stuart described the EU referendum as an “abuse of democratic process” and said she would rather it had never been called. In response to the question if, with the benefit of hindsight, she now thought that David Cameron should have called the referendum, she said, “No. The way he called that referendum was an abuse of democratic processes. It really was. I’ve never gone through a voting process where the losers demand of the winners that they explain themselves. This is what happened with the referendum, because you had a binary question.” She continued, “You had no bodies accountable for an outcome …This notion that you can create these campaigning groups that aren’t established political parties. Immediately after the referendum with Vote Leave, we resigned as directors and the whole thing was shut down. And that’s not good democracy.”[25]

Voting record[edit]

How Stuart voted on key matters since 2001:[26]

  • Voted for introducing a smoking ban
  • Voted for introducing ID cards
  • Voted for introducing foundation hospitals
  • Voted for introducing student top-up fees
  • Voted for Labour's anti-terrorism laws
  • Voted for the Iraq War
  • Voted against investigating the Iraq War
  • Voted for replacing the Trident nuclear programme
  • Voted for ban on fox hunting
  • Voted for equal gay rights
  • Voted for leaving the European Union

Outside of Politics[edit]

In 2016, Gisela became the Sixth President of the Birmingham Bach Choir.[27]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b C. K. Jones, The People's University (London, 2008), p. 33
  2. ^ Chakelian, Anoosh (30 November 2016). ""There is more to write about": Labour eurosceptic Gisela Stuart accuses journalists of hamming up Brexit hate crime". New Statesman.
  3. ^ "Vote2001: Candidates – Gisela Stuart". news.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 18 November 2017.
  4. ^ "Gisela Stuart - graduated 1993 | University of London International Programmes". www.londoninternational.ac.uk. 27 September 2011. Retrieved 6 April 2017.
  5. ^ "European Institute". Europeaninstitute.bg. 28 August 2007. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
  6. ^ a b c "Gisela Stuart Biography". Archived from the original on 15 September 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2018.
  7. ^ Elkes, Neil (23 November 2015). "Find out all about the new leader of Birmingham City Council John Clancy". Birmingham Mail. Retrieved 1 December 2015.
  8. ^ "Labour MP Gisela Stuart: UK should leave European Union". BBC News. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
  9. ^ "EU referendum: Leave and Remain clash in BBC Great Debate". BBC News. 22 June 2016. Retrieved 1 April 2018.
  10. ^ "Birmingham City Council: General Election 2010". GB-BIR: Birmingham.gov.uk. 6 May 2010. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
  11. ^ "Gisela Stuart Survivor of the Year Award". Archived from the original on 20 October 2013. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
  12. ^ "Ms Gisela Stuart MP". UK Parliament. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  13. ^ Hennessy, Patrick (31 October 2004). "Anti-Kerry remarks by Labour MP put Blair on the spot". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
  14. ^ "Signatories to the Statement of Principles". The Henry Jackson Society. 28 November 2011. Archived from the original on 8 August 2010. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
  15. ^ "MP's pounds 63,000 profit home; New expenses controversy hits Brum MP Gisela". Thefreelibrary.com. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
  16. ^ https://privycouncil.independent.gov.uk/privy-council/privy-council-members/privy-counsellors/#s1
  17. ^ Kirkham, David (29 April 2017). "Preet Gill Confirmed As Labour Candidate For Edgbaston". Redbrick (student newspaper). University of Birmingham. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  18. ^ "Gisela Stuart to Chair Vote Leave campaign". Vote Leave. 13 March 2016. Archived from the original on 27 July 2016. Retrieved 24 June 2016.
  19. ^ Labour, Leave (4 August 2016). "Labour Leave Members". Labour Leave. Archived from the original on 16 December 2015. Retrieved 1 April 2018.
  20. ^ Elgot, Jessica (9 June 2016). "EU referendum debates: when and where to watch them". the Guardian. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  21. ^ "Halt In EU Migration Would 'Damage' UK Economy". Sky News. 26 April 2016. Retrieved 15 December 2016.
  22. ^ Brown, Graeme (28 June 2016). "Birmingham Leave MPs' constituencies voted Remain". birminghammail. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  23. ^ "Revealed: How a former Labour MP inadvertently laid the groundwork for Brexit". The Telegraph. 2 June 2017. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  24. ^ "Article 50: May signs letter that will trigger Brexit". BBC News. 28 March 2017. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  25. ^ "Leading Brexit campaigner says 'vacuous' referendum should never have been called". The Independent. 23 June 2017. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  26. ^ "They Work For You". They Work For You. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
  27. ^ Arts Professional, Arts People, published 11 Nov 2016, https://www.artsprofessional.co.uk/magazine/faces/birmingham-mp-gisela-stuart-lead-chamber-choir

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Jill Knight
Member of Parliament for Birmingham Edgbaston
19972017
Succeeded by
Preet Gill