Gisleham

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Gisleham
Gisleham-g2.jpg
Holy Trinity, Gisleham
Gisleham is located in Suffolk
Gisleham
Gisleham
Gisleham shown within Suffolk
Population 778 (2011)[1]
Civil parish
  • Gisleham
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Lowestoft
Postcode district NR33 7
Police Suffolk
Fire Suffolk
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
List of places
UK
England
SuffolkCoordinates: 52°26′13″N 1°41′53″E / 52.437°N 1.698°E / 52.437; 1.698

Gisleham is a small village and civil parish located on the western edge of Lowestoft in the English county of Suffolk. It is situated between Carlton Colville and Kessingland. The place name of Gisleham derives from the Old English gysla and ham, meaning "Gysla's Village".[2]

In the 1870s, Gisleham was described as:

a parish in Mutford district, Suffolk; near the coast, 3 miles S of Mutford railway station, and 4½ SW by S of Lowestoft. Post town, Mutford-Bridge, under Lowestoft. Acres, 1, 344. Real property, £2, 677. Pop., 267. Houses, 55. The property is divided among a few. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Norwich. Value, £331.* Patron, the Lord Chancellor. The church is ancient, but very good; has a round tower, surmounted by a hexagonal steeple; and contains an octagonal later English font, and remains of a screen.[3]

Ordnance Survey Map of Gisleham (19th Century)

Holy Trinity Church[edit]

Gisleham church, Holy Trinity, is one of 38 existing round-tower churches in Suffolk. The church has a late Anglo-Saxon or early Norman round base topped with a 15th century octagonal brick crown.[4] The medieval church was restored in 1861, 1887 and the chancel in 1902 to 1908. Holy Trinity has Grade I status.[5]

Gisleham Manor[edit]

Within the civil parish of Gisleham is a moated site called Gisleham Manor. The moats are concentric, and surround rectangular enclosures. The manor dates back to the 13th century.[6] A house once existed, and was enclosed within the moats. It is very like to have been a fortified manor house.[7] The house and associated buildings of the manor no longer exist. However, the outer moat which is thought to have been infilled survived as a buried feature.[8] The Manor is now a scheduled monument protected by law.[7]

The lordship of Gisleham Manor House was held by a number of seven families in succession.[8] According to English Heritage: "The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence."[8]

Information regarding the construction and occupation of the moated site is of great importance as it retains archaeological information from the medieval and post medieval periods, including details of the house which once stood on the central platform. Organic materials are very likely to be preserved in waterlogged deposits in the outer moat, potentially providing evidence for the local environment in the past. Also, it is probable that evidence will be found for the land use predating the construction of the moat.[8]

Demographics[edit]

The first national census of 1801 records a population of 198 people within the civil parish of Gisleham. The population has increased since this time, but fell in the years of 1881, 1921 and 1931.[9] In the 2001 national census, the civil parish had a population of 549 people (267 males and 282 females).[10] In the 2011 national census, the population had increased by 71%. Within the civil parish, there is now 778 people (388 males and 390 females). The population density (number of people per hectare) of Gisleham is currently 1.2.[11]

Population of Gisleham (1801-2011)

In the 2001 national census, the percentage of people who lived in Gisleham and identified as White British was 96% (533 people).[12] However, this increased by 1% in the 2011 national census. The 2011 national census, records the percentage of the population who identify as being White British as 97% (753 people). Other ethnic groups from the 2011 national census include: 11 White Other, 5 Asian/Asian British, 4 White and Asian, 3 White and Black Caribbean, and 2 White Irish/White Irish Traveller.[13]

Ethnic Groups in Gisleham (2011)

According to the 2011 national census, the religious faith of the civil parish is 57% Christian (441 people), and 43% either have no religion or did not state their faith (336 people).[14] However, in the 2001 national census 3 people identified as being Muslim.[15]

The 2001 national census, records the number of people who were born in England and live in Gisleham as 511 people, or 93% of the population.[16] However, the 2011 national census records the number of people who were born in England and live in Gisleham as 740 people, or 95% of the population.[17]

Housing[edit]

The 1831 national census, records a number of 47 dwellings within the civil parish of Gisleham. In 1901, it had risen to 75. In 1961, it had risen to 187.[18] The 2011 national census, records a number of 318 dwellings.[19] There are 147 detached households, 66 semi-detached households, 102 terraced households, and 13 apartments.[20]

The 2011 national census, records 161 households as deprived in some way, and 157 of households as not deprived.[21] English is the first language in 312, or 98% of households.[22] The living arrangements of the people of Gisleham include 438 people living as a couple, and 170 people who do not live as a couple (reasons include being separated, divorced, or widowed).[23]

Industry[edit]

In 1831, occupations were grouped by social status. This included: 9 employers and professionals, 9 middling sorts, and 43 labourers and servants.[24] The 1831 national census, simplified industry into four occupational categories which included: agriculture, manufacturing, retail and handicraft, and other. 52 people worked in agriculture, 0 people worked in manufacturing, 6 people worked in retail and handicraft, and 3 people worked in other.[25] The 'other' category included 2 capitalists and professionals, and 1 servant.[26]

The 1881 national census, records agriculture as the most popular occupation in Gisleham; 45 people worked in agriculture. Services were the second most popular occupation; 17 people worked in this industry. There were many occupations in Gisleham at this time that did not require more than one person to do the job, such as having only 1 blacksmith, wheelwright, and bricklayer. Also, there were a number of people who had unspecified work. Many of them, 51 to be exact, were women.[27]

Occupations in Gisleham (1881)

The 2001 national census, recorded 229 people in employment. There were 173 people who were in full time employment, and 56 people who were in part time employment.[28] However, this changed during the 2011 national census. The 2011 national census, records 374 people in employment. There are 271 people who are in full time employment, and 103 people who are in part time employment.[29]

Agriculture is no longer the most popular occupation, like it was in 1881, today only 10 people work in this field. The most popular occupation today is wholesale and retail trade; it is the occupation of 55 people. The second most popular occupation is human health and social work activities; 40 people work here.[30] The most popular method of transport into work is driving.[31] For those who are not economically active: 91 are retired, 18 are full time students, 27 look after home or family, 29 people are long-term sick or disabled, and 27 are unemployed.[32]

Country Road in Gisleham

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 19 September 2015. 
  2. ^ "Key to English Place Names (Gisleham)". Key to English Place Names (The University of Nottingham). Retrieved 15 February 2017. 
  3. ^ Wilson, John Marius (1870–72). Imperial Gazetteer of England And Wales. Edinburgh: A. Fullerton & Co. Retrieved 24 February 2017. 
  4. ^ "Village Guide (Gisleham)". Eastern Daily Press. Retrieved 15 February 2017. 
  5. ^ "Church of Holy Trinity (Gisleham)". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 15 February 2017. 
  6. ^ "Gisleham Manor Moated Site". Ancient Monuments. Retrieved 11 March 2017. 
  7. ^ a b "Gisleham Manor House". Gatehouse Gazetteer. Retrieved 11 March 2017. 
  8. ^ a b c d "Extract from English Heritage's Record of Scheduled Monuments (Gisleham Manor House)" (PDF). English Heritage. Retrieved 11 March 2017. 
  9. ^ "Population Statistics | Total Population (Gisleham)". Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 15 February 2017. 
  10. ^ "Key Figures, 2001 (Gisleham)". Office for National Statistics: Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  11. ^ "Population Density, 2011 (Gisleham)". Office for National Statistics: Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 22 February 2017. 
  12. ^ "Ethnic Group, 2001 (Gisleham)". Office for National Statistics: Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  13. ^ "Ethnic Group, 2011 (Gisleham)". Office for National Statistics: Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 22 February 2017. 
  14. ^ "Religion, 2011 (Gisleham)". Office for National Statistics: Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 22 February 2017. 
  15. ^ "Religion, 2001 (Gisleham)". Office for National Statistics: Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 7 March 2017. 
  16. ^ "Country of Birth, 2001 (Gisleham)". Office for National Statistics: Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  17. ^ "Country of Birth, 2011 (Gisleham)". Office for National Statistics: Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 22 February 2017. 
  18. ^ "Housing Statistics | Total Houses (Gisleham)". Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 23 February 2017. 
  19. ^ "Key Statistics, 2011 (Gisleham)". Office for National Statistics: Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 1 February 2017. 
  20. ^ "Dwellings, Household Spaces and Accommodation Type, 2011 (Gisleham)". Office for National Statistics: Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 19 February 2017. 
  21. ^ "Households by Deprivation Dimensions, 2011 (Gisleham)". Office for National Statistics: Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 22 February 2017. 
  22. ^ "Household Language, 2011 (Gisleham)". Office for National Statistics: Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 22 February 2017. 
  23. ^ "Living Arrangements, 2011 (Gisleham)". Office for National Statistics: Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 7 March 2017. 
  24. ^ "Social Structure Statistics | Social Status, based on 1831 occupational statistics (Gisleham)". Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  25. ^ "Industry Statistics | Males aged 20 and over, in four industrial categories (Gisleham)". Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 7 March 2017. 
  26. ^ "Industry Statistics | Males aged 20 and over, in 9 occupational categories (Gisleham)". Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 7 March 2017. 
  27. ^ "Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties (Gisleham)". Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 19 February 2017. 
  28. ^ "Hours Worked, 2001 (Gisleham)". Office for National Statistics: Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  29. ^ "Hours Worked, 2011 (Gisleham)". Office for National Statistics: Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2017. 
  30. ^ "Industry, 2011 (Gisleham)". Office for National Statistics: Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2017. 
  31. ^ "Method of Transport, 2011 (Gisleham)". Office for National Statistics: Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2017. 
  32. ^ "Economic Activity, 2011 (Gisleham)". Office for National Statistics: Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2017. 

External links[edit]