Katherine Githa Sowerby (6 October 1876 – 30 June 1970), also known under her pen name K. G. Sowerby, was an English playwright, children's writer, and member of the Fabian Society. A feminist, she was well-known during the early twentieth century for her 1912 hit play Rutherford & Son, but lapsed into obscurity in later decades.
Rutherford & Son was first revived in 1980, and since then there have been several productions, including one at the Royal National Theatre in 1994 and, most recently, by Northern Broadsides. A biography of Sowerby by Pat Riley, Looking for Githa, appeared in 2009. In addition to several plays, Sowerby wrote books of poetry and short stories for children, illustrated by her sister Millicent Sowerby. Her papers and memorabilia are in the collections at the Tyne and Wear Archives.
Life and career
Sowerby was born in 1876 in Gateshead, England, into the Sowerbys, a glass-making family. Her father, John G. Sowerby, was an artist and grandson of naturalist James Sowerby, and her mother was Amy Margaret Sowerby (née Hewison). Sowerby married John Kendall, and her daughter, Joan Smith (b. circa 1919), still lives in London.
Rutherford & Son was a "sensation" and a "massive success" in its 1912 London debut, running for 133 performances in London and 63 performances in New York. Literary critic Barrett Harper Clark, writing in 1915, declared it "among the most powerful works of the younger generation". It was also produced in Canada and Australia, and translated into numerous other languages, including German, French, Italian, Russian, and Bohemian. Originally produced under the pen name "G. K. Sowerby", it was only later revealed that the author of the hit play was a woman; Sowerby then achieved instant celebrity. Sowerby's writing was compared to Henrik Ibsen's at that point, while known only by the gender-neutral initials "G. K."
- Barbara Hodgson, "Author Is Brought Back to Life", The Journal, 17 September 2009.
- Parker, John, ed. (1922). "Sowerby, Katherine Githa". Who's Who in the Theatre. Pitman. p. 748.
- Mark Brown, "Githa Sowerby, the forgotten playwright, returns to the stage", Guardian, 14 August 2009
- BBC, "Tyneside honours forgotten writer" (26 August 2009).
- Barrett Harper Clark (1915). "Githa Sowerby". The British and American Drama of To-day: Outlines for Their Study. H. Holt. pp. 154–155.
- Rose Drew, "Patricia Riley on Playwright Githa Sowerby", One&Other: York, 11 December 2011.
- Riley, Patricia (2009). Looking for Githa. New Writing North. pp. 1–156. ISBN 978-0955882944.
- Gainor, J. Ellen (2013). "Rutherford and Son by Githa Sowerby, and: The Stepmother by Githa Sowerby (review)". Theatre Journal. 65 (4): 559–561. doi:10.1353/tj.2013.0103. ISSN 1086-332X. (Subscription required)
- Woman's Hour on BBC
- "Githa Sowerby", The Orlando Project
- Works by or about Githa Sowerby at Internet Archive