|countess of Fondi, duchess of Traetto|
Giulia Gonzaga in 1535, mourning.
|Spouse(s)||Vespasiano Colonna, count of Fondi and duke of Traetto|
Gazzuolo, present-day Italy
|Died||16 April 1566
Rome, Papal States (present-day Italy)
Giulia was born in Gazzuolo (near Mantua) in 1512 the daughter of Ludovico Gonzaga, lord of Sabbioneta and Bozzolo, and Francesca Fieschi. In 1526 (at age 14) she was married to count Vespasiano Colonna (1480-1528), count of Fondi and duke of Traetto (present-day Minturno). After her husband died three years after their marriage, Giulia organized her palace as a center of culture, attracting the attention of many of her contemporaries as much for these activities as for her famous beauty, though she refused to marry again. She had a liaison with Cardinal Ippolito de' Medici of Florence, who died in Itri (southern Lazio) after a meeting with her.
In the night of 8–9 August 1534, the town of Fondi was attacked by the corsair Barbarossa, who was seeking to kidnap her and deliver her to Suleiman the Magnificent, his emperor. Barbarossa had been ordered to kidnap her by Ibrahim Pasha, the Ottoman Grand Vizier. Pasha's plan was to add her to the sultan's harem and supplant Roxelana, the sultan's wife. She escaped, and Barbarossa, frustrated, massacred the populations of Fondi and nearby Sperlonga, though he was repulsed at nearby Itri. She fled into the night, accompanied by a single knight. She later had the knight killed because she had been nearly nude during her escape and he had seen too much. There is also speculation that Barbarossa's attempt may have been motivated by members of the Colonna family wishing to recover their lands after Vespasiano Colonna's death.
Giulia Gonzaga joined a convent in Naples in 1535 (at age 22), and there met Juan de Valdés in 1536. This encounter and subsequent correspondence brought her to the attention of the Inquisition, for example leading her to write a letter in 1553 to cardinal Ercole Gonzaga to express her lack of agreement with the later writings of de Valdés.
- The above content summarized and translated from Eresie.it
- Camilla Russell, Giulia Gonzaga and the Religious Controversies of Sixteenth-century Italy Brepols, 2006, ISBN 9782503518077
- Christopher Hare; Marian Andrews (1912). A Princess of the Italian Reformation: Giulia Gonzaga, 1513-1566, Her Family and Her Friends. C. Scribner's sons.
- Julie D. Campbell; Anne R. Larsen (2009). "Women, Letters, and Heresy in Sixteenth Century Italy". Early Modern Women and Transnational Communities of Letters. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. pp. 75–. ISBN 978-0-7546-6738-4.
- Diana Maury Robin; Anne R. Larsen; Carole Levin (2007). Encyclopedia of Women in the Renaissance: Italy, France, and England. ABC-CLIO. pp. 166–. ISBN 978-1-85109-772-2.<
|This Italian biographical article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|