|24th Mayor of Milan|
1 June 2011 – 21 June 2016
|Preceded by||Letizia Moratti|
|Succeeded by||Giuseppe Sala|
|Member of the Chamber of Deputies
for Lombardy I
21 April 1996 – 10 April 2006
20 May 1949 |
|Political party||Independent in SEL
Giuliano Pisapia [dʒuˈljaːno pizaˈpiːa] (born 20 May 1949) is an Italian lawyer and politician, twice member of the Parliament (from 1996 to 2006) and former Mayor of Milan. As a politician, he has been a member of two left-wings parties, first Proletarian Democracy and then the Communist Refoundation Party; in Milan's mayoral election, he was endorsed by a large left-wing coalition, after winning the primary election of the Centre-left with the strong support of Nichi Vendola's Left Ecology Freedom. As a lawyer, he participated in a number of notable trials with political implications, including that of PKK leader Abdullah Öcalan and the trial that followed the death of anti-global activist Carlo Giuliani, shot by the police during the 27th G8 summit.
Giuliano Pisapia is the son of lawyer Gian Domenico Pisapia, who has contributed to the definition of the Italian Code of Criminal Procedure of 1989. In the 1970s he joined Proletarian Democracy, a far-leftist party. He attended the Liceo classico "Giovanni Berchet" in Milan. After being a volunteer in the Red Cross and a student in Medicine, a worker in a chemical factory, a teacher in the Beccaria youth detention center, and an employee in a bank, he finally turned to political and law studies, getting a double degree in Political Sciences and Law, and joining his father's firm.
Pisapia's actitivity as a lawyer was strictly related to his political commitment, as he took part in a number of trials with explicit political implications. For example, he represented Arnaldo Forlani in the Tangentopoli scandal era, activist Ovidio Bompressi in the trial for the murder of Luigi Calabresi, the family of anti-global activist Carlo Giuliani (shot dead by the police during the 27th G8 summit), as well as the daughter of Davide Cesare ("Dax"), killed by a neonazist in 2003. He also participated in international trials, most notably in defense of Abdullah Öcalan, leader of the Kurdish militant organization PKK.
In 1995 Gian Domenico Pisapia died, and Giuliano refused to candidate for regional administrative elections to focus on his father's law firm. Nevertheless, in 1996 he joined the Communist Refoundation Party led by Fausto Bertinotti and was elected to the Parliament. As a member of the Parliament, in 1998 he voted for the motion of confidence to Romano Prodi's center-leftist government, despite the decision of the Bertinotti to vote against it (a decision that would eventually cause Prodi's resignation). After the failure of Prodi's government, Pisapia volunteered for a while in a refugee camp on the border of Albania. In 2001 he was re-elected to the Parliament, again for Communist Refoundation.
In 2011, with the support of Left Ecology Freedom and the Democratic Party, he became the left-wing candidate to the seat of Mayor of Milan (a traditional stronghold of the right wing and Silvio Berlusconi) and defeated incumbent Mayor Letizia Moratti on May 30.
Mayor of Milan
In June 2010, Pisapia was the first to submit his own nomination as the Mayor of Milan, for the elections that would take place the following year. A number of intellectuals and notable people from the cultural and political elite of Milan immediately expressed their support of Pisapia. On November 14 he ran for the primary elections of the center-leftist coalition led by the Democratic Party, with the support of Nichi Vendola's Left Ecology Freedom, and unexpectedly won (receiving 45% preferences) despite not being an actual member of the PD.
At the beginning of the campaign, incumbent Letizia Moratti was considered the favourite. Milan is traditionally a right-wing stronghold, the homeland of Silvio Berlusconi's party (to which Moratti belongs), as well as a symbol of the alliance between Berlusconi and Umberto Bossi's Lega Nord, a party that promotes a greater independence of Northern Italy. Both Bossi and Berlusconi repeatedly declared that the left wing had no chance to win the elections in Milan, and Berlusconi himself actively contributed in the campaign, possibly to reaffirm his appeal to the Italian people leveraging on the results of what was supposed to be an easy match. As Berlusconi had recently been involved in a number of controversial matters, including the so-called Ruby Gate, many observers described the elections in Milan as a poll that would assess the popular support of Berlusconi's politics. This attracted much attention to this particular election (one of many administrative elections held in the same days in several locations in Italy).
In the first round of elections, on 15–16 May 2011, Pisapia got 48% of the votes and Moratti 41%. As none of them exceeded 50%, a second face-to-face round was scheduled for 29–30 May. This first success of Pisapia was one of a number of successes of the left wing in several other cities and provinces. With the campaign reaching ever harsher tones than before, Pisapia finally won on 30 May, with 55% of the votes. Internet and social networks played a relevant role in the election of Pisapia.
On 1 January 2015, Pisapia became the first mayor of the newborn Metropolitan City of Milan.
- Official website
- Paolo Bottazzini (June 4, 2011). "Dati alla mano la sinistra stavolta ha capito la rete". Linkiesta. Retrieved June 4, 2011. A detailed report and analysis of data concerning Pisapia's Internet campaign
- John Hooper (May 30, 2011). "Silvio Berlusconi faces humiliation as Milan voters support left-wing mayor". The Guardian. Retrieved May 30, 2011.
- "G8, la Corte di Strasburgo assolve l'Italia per la morte di Carlo Giuliani". Corriere della Sera. March 24, 2011. Retrieved May 30, 2011.
- "Giuliano Pisapia: chi è". RAI TG1 online. March 30, 2011. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- Paolo Berizzi (March 30, 2004). "Dax, fu un'aggressione premeditata". La Repubblica. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- Maurizio Caprara (October 10, 1998). "Sconforto di Cossutta: tutta colpa di Bertinotti". Corriere della Sera. Retrieved May 30, 2011.
- Teresa Montestiroli (November 14, 2010). "Primarie a Milano, Pisapia batte Boeri.". La Repubblica. Retrieved May 30, 2011.
- Elisabetta Polovedo (May 11, 2011). "Berlusconi makes election in Milan all about him". The New York Times. Retrieved May 30, 2011.
- Jeffrey Donovan (May 30, 2011). "Berlusconi Coalition Defeated in Mayoral Races". Bloomberg. Retrieved May 30, 2011.
- Lorenzo Pregliasco (June 1, 2011). "Lo spartiacque di Milano". Termometro politico. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Massimo Pisa (May 31, 2011). "Pisapia, una battaglia vinta sul web prima ancora che nei seggi elettorali". La Repubblica. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- Davide Casati (May 31, 2011). "Ecco perché Pisapia ha vinto le elezioni". GQ.com. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
|Italian Chamber of Deputies|
Title jointly held
|Deputy for Lombardy I
Title jointly held
|Mayor of Milan