Cesare Adelmare (-1569) was a physician to Queens Mary I and Elizabeth I of Italian origin. He was also known by various other spellings, his first name often Anglicized to Caesar, and his surname given forms such as Dalmariis, Dalmare, and Adelmari.
Cesare Adelmare, having graduated in arts and medicine at the University of Padua, migrated to England, apparently about 1550, and began practice in London as a physician. He was elected fellow 27 April 1554, and in the following year censor of the College of Physicians, and was appointed medical adviser to Queen Mary, from whom he obtained letters of naturalisation with immunity from taxation in 1558, and from whom he on one occasion received the enormous fee of £100 for a single attendance. Elizabeth also consulted him and requited his services by sundry leases of church lands at rents somewhat below their actual value. In 1561 he fixed his residence in Bishopsgate, having purchased a house which had formed part of the dissolved Priory of St. Helen's. There he died in 1569, and was buried in Church of St. Helen's.
His father was Pietro Maria Adelmare, a citizen of Treviso, near Venice. This Pietro Maria Adelmare, who had some reputation as a lawyer, married Paola, daughter of Giovanni Pietro Cesarini (probably of the same family as Giuliano Cesarini, cardinal of St. Angelo, and president of the Council of Basle, 1431–8).
- His eldest son, Sir Julius Caesar , (1557/1558 – 18 April 1636) judge and statesman, was born at Tottenham in 1557–8, and baptised in the Church of St. Dunstan's-in-the-East in February of that year, his sponsors being the Lord Treasurer, William Paulett, the Marquis of Winchester; the Earl of Arundel; and Lady Montagu representing Queen Mary.
- His second son Sir Thomas Caesar (1561- 18 July 1610) was a Baron of the Exchequer.
- His son Charles (1561-?) was a soldier.
- His son William was a merchant active in the Mediterranean between 1586 and 1591, when he disappeared after a shipwreck.
- His youngest son Henry Caesar D.D. (1564-27 June 1636) was Dean of Ely.
- His daughter Margaret married Nicholas Wright of Gray's Inn;
- His daughter Anne married Damian Peck of Gray's Inn;
- His daughter Elizabeth married John Hunt, a member of Doctors' Commons.
Shortly after his death his widow married Michael Lok.
- "ADELMARE, Cesare", Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani - Volume 1 (1960)
- Caesar, Julius (1558–1636), of Tottenham, Middlesex and Mitcham, Surrey, History of Parliament Retrieved 12 November 2013.
- Margery Perient has also been identified as the daughter of Martin Perient, Treasurer in Ireland;Hill, Lamar M. (1988). Bench and Bureaucracy: The Public Career of Sir Julius Caesar, 1580–1636. Stanford University Press. p. 271. Retrieved 12 November 2013..
- 'Alumni Oxonienses, 1500–1714: Cabell-Chafe', Alumni Oxonienses 1500–1714: Abannan-Kyte (1891), pp. 228–254. Date accessed: 1 October 2014
- Wijffels, Alain (2004). "Caesar, Sir Julius (bap. 1558, d. 1636)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/4328. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)