Joe Esposito (politician)

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Joe Esposito
Chicago, Illinois Nineteenth Ward Alderman
In office
1920–1928
Personal details
Born
Giuseppe Esposito

(1871-10-06)October 6, 1871
Acerra, Campania, Italy
DiedMarch 21, 1928(1928-03-21) (aged 56)
Chicago, Illinois, USA
NationalityAmerican
Political partyRepublican
OccupationPolitician, racketeer, bootlegger
Nickname(s)Diamond Joe

Joseph Esposito (born Giuseppe Esposito, Italian pronunciation: [dʒuˈzɛppe eˈspɔːzito], October 6, 1871[1] - March 21, 1928) was an American politician best known for his involvement in bootlegging, extortion, prostitution and labor racketeering in Chicago, Illinois during the Prohibition era.[2][3]

Early life[edit]

Esposito was born on October 6, 1871, in Acerra, Campania, Italy. He immigrated to Illinois and joined one of the street gangs terrorizing Chicago's Little Italy during the early 1900s. When the Volstead Act was enacted and Prohibition in the United States began, Esposito's organization, the 42 Gang, which included Sam "Momo" Giancana and Paul "The Waiter" Ricca, entered into bootlegging. Esposito's early success with the Genna Brothers may have been a factor in the 1920 murder of rival James "Big Jim" Colosimo, a long time racketeer who had been hesitant to begin his own bootlegging operations.

Rise to power and politics[edit]

By the early 1920s, Esposito earned another nickname Diamond Joe because he frequently wore diamond cufflinks, diamond rings and other jewelry. Esposito had become a Republican ward boss of the Nineteenth Ward in Chicago. He was one of the earliest Italian Americans elected as aldermen.[4] Esposito provided political protection to the bootlegging gangs of Chicago's Italian communities, including the South Side gang of mob boss Johnny Torrio and the Genna brothers. In May 1921, Esposito famously attended the funeral of his political protégé Antonio D'Andrea. Several years later, Esposito also attended the funeral of another criminal ally, Angelo Genna murdered on May 25, 1925.[4]

Rivalry with Al Capone and death[edit]

Newspaper headline for Esposito's death

After Torrio's retirement, Esposito rivaled the activities of his old gang, now led by Al Capone and known as the Chicago Outfit. On March 21, 1928, Esposito was attacked and killed in a drive-by shooting on his front steps, with his two nieces right inside the house. It is often speculated Capone was behind the murder.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Birth certificate
  2. ^ Sifakis, Carl (2001). The encyclopedia of American crime (2nd ed.). New York: Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-4040-0. OCLC 42882761.
  3. ^ Mahan, Sue, "Organized Crime—United States", in David Levinson (ed.), Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment, Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE, doi:10.4135/9781412950664.n293, ISBN 978-0-7619-2258-2
  4. ^ a b "Part II: Chicago's Unione Siciliana 1920 - A Decade of Slaughter Crime Magazine". crimemagazine.com. Retrieved March 21, 2021.

Further reading[edit]

  • Allswang, John Myers. The Political Behavior of Chicago's Ethnic Groups, 1918-1932. Ayer Publishing, 1980. ISBN 0-405-13400-2
  • Chiocca, Olindo Romeo. Mobsters and Thugs: Quotes from the Underworld. Toronto: Guernica Editions, 2000. ISBN 1-55071-104-0
  • Lashly, Arthur V. Illinois Crime Survey. Chicago: Illinois Association for Criminal Justice and the Chicago Crime Commission, 1929.
  • Johnson, Curt and R. Craig Sautter. The Wicked City: Chicago from Kenna to Capone. New York: Da Capo Press, 1998. ISBN 0-306-80821-8
  • Merrinier, James L. Grafters and Goo Goos: Corruption and Reform in Chicago, 1833-2003. Southern Illinois Univ. Press, 2004. ISBN 0-8093-2571-3
  • Reppetto, Thomas A. American Mafia: A History of Its Rise to Power. New York: Henry Holt & Co., 2004. ISBN 0-8050-7798-7

External links[edit]