Giuseppe Motta

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Giuseppe Motta
Giuseppe Motta circa 1915.jpg
Motta circa 1915
President of the League of Nations
In office
1924–1925
Preceded byCosme de la Torriente
Succeeded byRaoul Dandurand
Personal details
Born(1871-12-29)29 December 1871
Airolo, Switzerland
Died23 January 1940(1940-01-23) (aged 68)
NationalitySwitzerland
OccupationPolitician
Known forMember of the Swiss Federal Council (1911-1940)

Giuseppe Motta (29 December 1871 – 23 January 1940) was a Swiss politician. He was a member of the Swiss Federal Council (1911–1940) and President of the League of Nations (1924–1925). He was a Catholic-conservative foreign minister and a staunch opponent of Stalinism.

Biography[edit]

He was born on 29 December 1871.

He was elected to the Federal Council of Switzerland on 14 December 1911. Motta served 28 years in the Federal Council, the third longest tenure to date. He was affiliated with the Christian Democratic People's Party of Switzerland.

While in office he headed the Department of Finance (1912–1919) and the Political Department (1920–1940). He was President of the Confederation five times, in 1915, 1920, 1927, 1932 and 1937.

Motta was involved with the Federal Council Felix Calonder in Switzerland's accession to the League of Nations. On 16 May 1920, Switzerland joined the League of Nations. In 1924, he presided League of Nations Assembly. At his suggestion, Switzerland was one of the few states against accepting Soviet Union to the League of Nations.[1] He was one of the most outspoken advocates of admission of Germany. In the interwar period, he pleaded for a partial departure from Swiss neutrality principle, but spoke out from 1938 in the face of the looming Second World War again for its strict observance.[2]

He died in office on 23 January 1940.

Commemoration[edit]

Among others, via Giuseppe Motta in Lugano, Chiasso, Minusio and Massagno, Piazza Giuseppe Motta in Ascona and Avenue Giuseppe-Motta in Geneva are named for him.

His portrait was painted twice in the late 1930s by the Swiss-born American artist Adolfo Müller-Ury. The first, a large three-quarter portrait, dated 1938, hangs in the Archivio Cantonale in Bellinzona; the artist was sent a photograph by Motta at the end of 1937, and then the artist travelled to Berne in the summer of 1938 to work on the portrait from life. The second portrait, half-length seated at a desk and dated 1939, in the Haus Muller-Lombardi in Hospental, Switzerland as part of the Adolfo Muller-Ury Stiftung. This was exhibited at the artist's last exhibition at French and Co, New York in the Spring of 1947 and returned to Switzerland after his death in July that year.

Annually since 2004, the Geneva Institute for Democracy and Development presents the Giuseppe Motta Medal to people from any country or region of the world for exceptional achievement in the promotion of peace and democracy, human rights and sustainable development.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dietrich Dreyer: Schweizer Kreuz und Sowjetstern, 1989
  2. ^ Die kleine Enzyklopädie, Encyclios-Verlag, Zürich, 1950, Band 2, Seite 204
  3. ^ Giuseppe Motta Medal Website Archived 2014-02-22 at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Josef Anton Schobinger
Member of the Swiss Federal Council
1911–1940
Succeeded by
Enrico Celio