Giuseppe Saragat

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Giuseppe Saragat
Giuseppe Saragat (cropped).jpg
Official portrait, 1971
President of Italy
In office
29 December 1964 – 29 December 1971
Prime MinisterAldo Moro
Giovanni Leone
Mariano Rumor
Emilio Colombo
Preceded byAntonio Segni
Succeeded byGiovanni Leone
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
4 December 1963 – 22 July 1964
Prime MinisterAldo Moro
Preceded byAttilio Piccioni
Succeeded byAldo Moro
Deputy Prime Minister of Italy
In office
10 February 1954 – 19 May 1957
Prime MinisterMario Scelba
Antonio Segni
Preceded byAttilio Piccioni
Succeeded byGiuseppe Pella
In office
1 June 1947 – 27 January 1950
Prime MinisterAlcide De Gasperi
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byAttilio Piccioni
President of the Constituent Assembly
In office
25 June 1946 – 6 February 1947
Preceded byCarlo Sforza
Succeeded byUmberto Terracini
Personal details
Born(1898-09-19)19 September 1898
Turin, Piedmont, Kingdom of Italy
Died11 June 1988(1988-06-11) (aged 89)
Rome, Lazio, Italy
Political partyPSU (1922–1930)
PSI (1930–1947)
PSDI (1947–1988)
Spouse
Giuseppina Bollani
(died 1961)
[1]
Alma materUniversity of Turin

Giuseppe Saragat (Italian pronunciation: [dʒuˈzɛppe ˈsaːraɡat];[a] 19 September 1898 – 11 June 1988)[2] was an Italian politician who served as the president of Italy from 1964 to 1971.

Early life[edit]

Born to Sardinian parents, he was a member of the Unitary Socialist Party (Partito Socialista Unitario; PSU) from 1922. He moved to Vienna in 1926 and to France in 1929.

Political career[edit]

Following the dissolution of the PSU in 1930, Saragat joined the Italian Socialist Party (Partito Socialista Italiano; PSI). He was a reformist democratic socialist who left the PSI in 1947 out of concern over its then-close alliance with the Italian Communist Party. He subsequently founded the Socialist Party of Italian Workers (Partito Socialista dei Lavoratori Italiani; PSLI), which in 1952 became the Italian Democratic Socialist Party (Partito Socialista Democratico Italiano; PSDI). He was to be the paramount leader of the PSDI for the rest of his life.[3]

Saragat had been minister without portfolio in 1944 and ambassador in Paris from 1945 to 1946, before his appointment as President of the Constituent Assembly of Italy that same year. He was minister of foreign affairs in the first cabinet and second cabinet of Aldo Moro from 1963 to late 1964, when he was chosen as President of the Italian Republic. His election demonstrated a rare instance of unity among the Italian left and followed rumours of a possible neo-fascist coup during Antonio Segni's presidency.[3][4]

Saragat is said to have been an atheist,[5] but after that he became a Catholic and had a religious funeral.[6]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Prescribed pronunciation is [saraˈɡat], but [ˈsaːraɡat] has always been more common.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vespa, Bruno (7 October 2010). L'amore e il potere. Edizioni Mondadori. ISBN 9788852012037. Retrieved 14 August 2018 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ Rizzo, Tito Lucrezio (23 October 2012). Parla il Capo dello Stato: sessanta anni di vita repubblicana attraverso il Quirinale 1946-2006. Gangemi Editore spa. ISBN 9788849274608. Retrieved 14 August 2018 – via Google Books.
  3. ^ a b Saragat, Giuseppe: “Dizionario di Storia” – Treccani (in Italian) Retrieved 20 April 2013.
  4. ^ Hevesi, Dennis. "Giuseppe Saragat Is Dead at 89; President of Italy From '64 to '71". Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  5. ^ Bruno Vespa, L'amore e il potere. da Rachele a Veronica, un secolo di storia italiana, Mondadori, Milano, 2009, p. 120.
  6. ^ From Padre Rotondi e la "conversione" di Saragat

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Carlo Sforza
as President of the National Consult
President of the Constituent Assembly
1946–1947
Succeeded by
Position established Deputy Prime Minister of Italy
1947–1950
Succeeded by
Preceded by Deputy Prime Minister of Italy
1954–1957
Succeeded by
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1963–1964
Succeeded by
Preceded by President of Italy
1964–1971
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Position established Secretary of the Italian Democratic Socialist Party
1947–1948
Succeeded by
Preceded by Secretary of the Italian Democratic Socialist Party
1949–1952
Succeeded by
Preceded by Secretary of the Italian Democratic Socialist Party
1952–1954
Succeeded by
Preceded by Secretary of the Italian Democratic Socialist Party
1957–1964
Succeeded by
Preceded by Secretary of the Italian Democratic Socialist Party
1976
Succeeded by