Giuseppe Saragat

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Giuseppe Saragat
Giuseppe Saragat 1965.jpg
Giuseppe Saragat in 1965
5th President of Italy
In office
29 December 1964 – 29 December 1971
Prime Minister Aldo Moro
Giovanni Leone
Mariano Rumor
Emilio Colombo
Preceded by Antonio Segni
Succeeded by Giovanni Leone
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
4 December 1963 – 22 July 1964
Prime Minister Aldo Moro
Preceded by Attilio Piccioni
Succeeded by Aldo Moro
Deputy Prime Minister of Italy
In office
10 February 1954 – 19 May 1957
Prime Minister Mario Scelba
Antonio Segni
Preceded by Attilio Piccioni
Succeeded by Giuseppe Pella
In office
1 June 1947 – 27 January 1950
Prime Minister Alcide De Gasperi
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Attilio Piccioni
President of the Constituent Assembly
In office
25 June 1946 – 6 February 1947
Preceded by Carlo Sforza
Succeeded by Umberto Terracini
President of the Italian Democratic Socialist Party
In office
March 1976 – October 1976
Preceded by Mario Tanassi
Succeeded by Pier Luigi Romita
In office
April 1957 – January 1964
Preceded by Gianmatteo Matteotti
Succeeded by Mario Tanassi
In office
October 1952 – February 1954
Preceded by Giuseppe Romita
Succeeded by Gianmatteo Matteotti
In office
November 1949 – January 1952
Preceded by Ludovico d'Aragona
Succeeded by Ezio Vigorelli
In office
January 1947 – February 1948
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Alberto Simonini
Personal details
Born (1898-09-19)19 September 1898
Turin, Italy
Died 11 June 1988(1988-06-11) (aged 89)
Rome, Italy
Nationality Italian
Political party PSDI (1947–1988)
Other political
affiliations
PSU (1922–1930)
PSI (1930–1947)
Spouse(s) Giuseppina Bollani (died 1962)
Alma mater University of Turin

Giuseppe Saragat (Italian pronunciation: [ʤuˈzɛppe ˈsaːraɡat];[1] 19 September 1898 – 11 June 1988) was an Italian politician who was the fifth President of the Italian Republic from 1964 to 1971.

Personal life[edit]

Giuseppe Saragat with daughter Ernestina and grandchild, Rome, April 1963.

Saragat was born in Turin, from Sardinian parents. He died in Rome on 11 June 1988. He is said to have been an atheist.[2]

Political career[edit]

Member of the United Socialist Party since 1922, he moved to Vienna in 1926 and to France in 1929 and joined the Italian Socialist Party in 1930. He was a reformist socialist, who split from the Italian Socialist Party in 1947, out of concern over its close (at the time) alliance with the communists, to found the Socialist Party of Italian Workers, which would soon become the Italian Democratic Socialist Party. He was to be the latter's paramount leader for the rest of his life.[3]

He had been Minister without portfolio for the Italian Socialist Party of Proletarian Unity in 1944 and ambassador in Paris for two years, from 1945 to 1946, Saragat was appointed as President of the Constituent Assembly of Italy. Subsequently he was nominated as Foreign minister from 1963 to 1964, and chosen as President of the Italian Republic in 1964. His election was the result of one of the rare instances of unity in the Italian left, and followed rumours of a possible neo-fascist coup during Antonio Segni's presidency.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ DiPI Online
  2. ^ Bruno Vespa, L'amore e il potere. da Rachele a Veronica, un secolo di storia italiana, Mondadori, Milano, 2009, p. 120.
  3. ^ a b Saragat, Giuseppe: “Dizionario di Storia” – Treccani (in Italian) Retrieved 20 April 2013.