Givat HaShlosha

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Givat HaShlosha
גִּבְעַת הַשְּׁלֹשָׁה
GivatHashlosha9.jpg
Givat HaShlosha is located in Israel
Givat HaShlosha
Givat HaShlosha
Coordinates: 32°5′53.88″N 34°55′15.59″E / 32.0983000°N 34.9209972°E / 32.0983000; 34.9209972Coordinates: 32°5′53.88″N 34°55′15.59″E / 32.0983000°N 34.9209972°E / 32.0983000; 34.9209972
District Central
Council Drom HaSharon
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 1 May 1925
Founded by Polish HeHalutz members
Population (2015)[1] 783

Givat HaShlosha (Hebrew: גִּבְעַת הַשְּׁלֹשָׁה‎, lit. Hill of the three) is a kibbutz in central Israel. Located about 4 km east of Petah Tikva, near the Yarkon river, it falls under the jurisdiction of Drom Hasharon Regional Council. In 2015 it had a population of 783.[1]

Etymology[edit]

The kibbutz is named for the three workers from Petah Tikva who were accused of espionage during World War I (Palestine was then under the rule of the Ottoman Empire), and were sent to a prison in Damascus. They were tortured and died in 1916.

History[edit]

Historic dining room, c 1939

The kibbutz was founded on 1 May 1925, by a group from the Zionist pioneering HeHalutz movement originating in the city of Klesów in Poland (now Klesiv, Ukraine). Its original site was at a location west of Petah Tikva, which is now within the city, near the intersection of Arlozorov and Tzahal streets.

A regional agricultural school was located on the outskirts of Givat Hashlosha. Yitzhak Rabin, later prime minister of Israel, was a student there in 1935-1937.[2] Later it was named after Rosa Cohen, Rabin' mother. The site is now an urban farm and teacher training college.

Today, a geriatric institution belonging to Tel Aviv is located at Givat HaShlosha. One of the largest dining halls in pre-state Israel operated in the kibbutz, designed by Israeli architect Aryeh Sharon along other buildings in the kibbutz.

In the era before the founding of the state of Israel, Givat HaShlosha was one of the kibbutzim where the Palmach trained, and it had weapons caches for the Haganah. Subsequently it was raided by the British Army during Operation Agatha.

When Holocaust survivors arrived in Israel, the kibbutz absorbed many young people.

By 1950, Kibbutz Givat Hashlosha was one of the largest in the country, with close to 900 members.In 1952, an ideological dispute led to the construction of a brick wall in the center of the dining hall to separate the two groups and finally the establishment of a new kibbutz, Einat near Rosh HaAyin.[3]

Economy[edit]

In 1968, Givat Hashlosha had 510 inhabitants.[4] Its farming is highly intensive, with citrus fruits and other crops, dairy farming and cattle. The kibbutz has a shoe factory and a plant for building materials.[4] The kibbutz operates a civil cemetery where many well-known personalities have been buried, among them Mishael Cheshin and Yossi Sarid.[5][6]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

Гиват ха-Шлоша