Give Peace a Chance
|"Give Peace a Chance"|
|Single by Plastic Ono Band|
|B-side||"Remember Love" (Yoko Ono)|
|Released||4 July 1969 (UK)|
7 July 1969 (US)
|Recorded||1 June 1969, Room 1742, Queen Elizabeth Hotel, Montreal, Quebec, Canada|
|Genre||Folk rock, Pop|
|Songwriter(s)||John Lennon (credited to Lennon–McCartney)|
|Plastic Ono Band singles chronology|
"Give Peace a Chance"
"Give Peace a Chance" is an anti-war song written by John Lennon (credited to Lennon–McCartney), and performed with Yoko Ono in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Released as a single in July 1969 by the Plastic Ono Band on Apple Records (catalogue Apple 13 in the United Kingdom, Apple 1809 in the United States), it is the first solo single issued by Lennon, released while he was still a member of the Beatles, and became an anthem of the American anti-war movement during the 1970s. It peaked at number 14 on the Billboard Hot 100 and number 2 on the British singles chart.
Writing and recording
The song was written during Lennon and Ono's "Bed-In" honeymoon in Montreal. When asked by a reporter what he was trying to achieve by staying in bed, Lennon answered spontaneously "Just give peace a chance". He went on to say this several times during the Bed-In. Lennon asked his press officer, Derek Taylor to find a recording engineer. On 1 June 1969, in Room 1742 at the Queen Elizabeth Hotel in Montreal, André Perry, owner of a local recording studio in Montreal, arrived and used a simple setup of four microphones and a four-track tape recorder he brought with him.
The recording session was attended by dozens of journalists and various celebrities, including Timothy Leary, Rabbi Abraham Feinberg, Joseph Schwartz, Rosemary Woodruff Leary, Petula Clark, Dick Gregory, Allen Ginsberg, Roger Scott, Murray the K and Derek Taylor, many of whom are mentioned in the lyrics. Lennon played acoustic guitar and was joined by Tommy Smothers of the Smothers Brothers, also on acoustic guitar.
Some years later, André Perry recalled the occasion, and spoke about the challenges of getting a good sound out of the recording. Because of the room's poor acoustics, he said, the raw recording could not have been released without help:
Originally there were no intentions to have any over-dubs done. But when I left John, he looked at me and I said, 'Well, I'll go back to the studio and listen to this and see what it's like.' And then I decided that the background was a bit too noisy and needed a little 'sweeping.' By this I mean, we kept all the original stuff, we just improved it a bit by adding if you like, some voices. So we called a bunch of people in the studio that night, I did, actually that was my decision. And that's probably why John gave me such a credit on the single. And since it was multi-track I dubbed the original 4-track to an 8-track machine and then used the other 4-tracks to overdub some voices. The next day I went back to John [with the mix]. They moved everybody out of the room and it was just the three of us, with Yoko, and I played it for him and he thought it was wonderful. Kept it 'as is.' There's a story going around about overdubbing in London, England. Nothing was overdubbed in England. The only thing that was overdubbed, like I said, is some of these people, and the reason why I did it, is I wanted to give him some kind of option. You see the point of the matter, it's not that we wanted to cheat anything, it was a question of like, not usable, the condition was absolutely terrible. [We took] the original stuff that was there, and added a few voices in a cleaner recording environment.
On later releases curated by the Lennon Estate, only Lennon is credited; viz. the 1990s reissue of the album Live in New York City, the 2006 documentary The U.S. vs. John Lennon, and the 1997 compilation album Lennon Legend: The Very Best of John Lennon and its DVD version six years later.
John Lennon expressed his regrets about being "guilty enough to give McCartney credit as co-writer on my first independent single instead of giving it to Yoko, who had actually written it with me."
The original last verse of the song refers to: "John and Yoko, Timmy Leary, Rosemary, Tommy Smothers, Bobby Dylan, Tommy Cooper, Derek Taylor, Norman Mailer, Allen Ginsberg, and Hare Krishna". In the performance of "Give Peace a Chance" included on the Live Peace in Toronto 1969 album, Lennon openly stated that he could not remember all of the words and improvised with the names of the band members sharing the stage with him and anything that came to mind: "John and Yoko, Eric Clapton, Klaus Voormann, Penny Lane, Roosevelt, Nixon, Tommy Jones and Tommy Cooper, and somebody." The third verse contains a reference to masturbation, but Lennon changed this to "mastication" on the official lyric sheet. He later admitted this was a "cop out" but wanted to avoid unnecessary controversy.
Release and aftermath
"Give Peace a Chance", backed with Ono's "Remember Love" as the B-side, was released on 4 July 1969 in the UK,[nb 1] and a few days later on 7 July 1969 in the US.[nb 2] The song reached number 2 in the UK Singles Chart, and number 14 on the Billboard Hot 100 in the US. Billboard described it as "an infectious rhythm ballad" with "clever arrangement and performance."
The song quickly became the anthem of the anti Vietnam-war and counterculture movements, and was sung by half a million demonstrators in Washington, D.C. on Vietnam Moratorium Day, on 15 November 1969. They were led by Pete Seeger, who interspersed phrases like, "Are you listening, Nixon?" and "Are you listening, Agnew?", between the choruses of protesters singing, "All we are saying ... is give peace a chance".
A live concert performance of the song is included on Live Peace in Toronto 1969. (Source: Apple Records) John, Yoko, and the Elephant's Memory performed the song on the Jerry Lewis MDA Telethon in September 1972. (Source: YouTube)
After being issued as a single, it appeared on album in a truncated form for the singles compilation Shaved Fish in 1975. The track's first full-length album appearance was on the compilation The John Lennon Collection. Although technically the first "solo" single released by a member of The Beatles while the band was still intact, the artist credit was to the Plastic Ono Band, not John Lennon. Shortly after the death of Lennon, fans gathered outside the Dakota and sang "Give Peace a Chance". The single re-charted in January 1981, peaking at number 33. The song is one of three Lennon solo songs, along with "Instant Karma!" and "Imagine", in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll.
- John Lennon – lead vocals, acoustic guitar
- Tom Smothers – acoustic guitar
- Yoko Ono and others – handclaps, tambourine, backing vocals
- Timothy Leary, Petula Clark – backing vocals
- André Perry – percussion, production
|Austria Ö3 Austria Top 40||2|
|Canadian RPM Singles Chart||8|
|German Media Control Charts||4|
|Switzerland Music Charts||4|
|UK Singles Chart||2|
|US Billboard Hot 100||14|
|US Cashbox Top 100||11|
Peace Choir version
|"Give Peace a Chance"|
|Single by Peace Choir|
|Released||1 February 1991|
|Songwriter(s)||John Lennon (originally credited to Lennon–McCartney)|
In 1991, Ono recorded a new version of the song (as well as a music video) in response to the imminent Gulf War. Accompanying musicians included Amina, Adam Ant, Sebastian Bach, Bros, Felix Cavaliere, Terence Trent D'Arby, Flea, John Frusciante, Peter Gabriel, Kadeem Hardison, Ofra Haza, Joe Higgs, Bruce Hornsby, Lee Jaffe, Al Jarreau, Jazzie B, Davey Johnstone, Lenny Kravitz, Cyndi Lauper, Sean Ono Lennon, Little Richard, LL Cool J, MC Hammer, Michael McDonald, Duff McKagan, Alannah Myles, New Voices of Freedom, Randy Newman, Tom Petty, Iggy Pop, Q-Tip, Bonnie Raitt, Run, Dave Stewart, Teena Marie, Little Steven Van Zandt, Don Was, Wendy & Lisa, Ahmet Zappa, Dweezil Zappa and Moon Unit Zappa as the Peace Choir.
- Give Peace A Chance - 3:23
- Give Peace A Chance - 3:23
|Billboard Hot 100||54|
|German Singles Chart||22|
|Swiss Singles Chart||7|
|Dutch Top 40||14|
|Belgian Singles Chart||12|
Yoko Ono version
|"Give Peace a Chance"|
|Single by Yoko Ono|
|Released||1 June 2008 (TW50066)|
1 July 2008 (TW50069)
18 February 2009 (Int'l Remixes)
|Label||Mind Train, Twisted Records|
|Yoko Ono singles chronology|
On 1 June 2008, the 39th anniversary of the song's recording, the first of three digital-only (and thus environmentally friendly) singles was released through Twisted Records exclusively on Beatport with remixes featuring a newly recorded vocal by Yoko Ono. It reached number 1 on the Billboard Hot Dance Club Play chart on 16 August 2008. These are not the first remixes Ono has done of this song: in 2005, she did a new version recalling the events of the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks on Truth; and one of the first remixes with the lyrics used in this mix was released on the Open Your Box remix album. The last instalment was released 18 February 2009, Yoko's birthday.
- Mindtrain/Twisted TW50066 (Released 1 June 2008)
- Dave Aude Club Mix (8:26)
- Dave Aude Dub (8:26)
- Johnny Vicious Warehouse Dub (8:23)
- Mike Cruz Dub (8:40)
- Tommie Sunshine Vocal Mix (6:41)
- Morel's Pink Noise Vocal Mix (6:42)
- Morel's Pink Noise Dub (7:09)
- Double B Full Vocal Mix (6:57)
- Mindtrain/Twisted TW50069 (Released 1 July 2008)
- Phunk Investigation Mix (7:45)
- Eric Kupper Vocal Mix (8:50)
- Mike Cruz Extended Vocal Mix (10:25)
- DJ Dan Dub (8:53)
- Tommie Sunshine Give Peace a Dub (6:40)
- Morel's Canister Dub (7:23)
- Mike Cruz Vocal Edit Mix (8:40)
- Mindtrain/Twisted [TW50070] (Released 18 February 2009) [The International Remixes]
- Blow-Up Popism Mix (5:00)
- Blow-Up Electrono Mix (6:44)
- Kimbar Vocal Mix (8:11)
- Kimbar Dub Mix (6:54)
- Tszpun Remix (8:17)
- Tszpun Dub Mix (8:11)
- Alex Santer Peaceful Mix (6:11)
- DJ Meme Club Mix (9:54)
- Findo Gask Time for Action Dub (5:56)
- CSS Mix (4:12)
- Richard Fearless Reach Out Mix (7:05)
- Karsh Kale Voices of the Tribal Massive Mix (5:55)
|Global Dance Tracks (Billboard)||32|
- Lennon's fellow ex-Beatles Paul McCartney and Ringo Starr have each incorporated the song into their live performances as a tribute to Lennon. Ringo Starr & His All-Starr Band often perform the song as an encore after "With a Little Help from My Friends", while McCartney has often performed a medley of the song, combined with "A Day in the Life", since his 2009 live album Good Evening New York City, including for most of his Up and Coming Tour, on Saturday Night Live on 11 December 2010, and in 2011 during the US leg of his On the Run Tour.'.
- U2 have performed the song in concert at least 27 times in whole or as a snippet, the first time on 13 December 1980 at the Paradise, Boston, Massachusetts and the last time on 18 May 1998 at Waterfront Hall, Belfast, Northern Ireland.
- The song has been used in films, television shows and theatre as it has become a recognised semiotic to indicate protest; for example it was sung by students in the film The Trial of Billy Jack, and by peace activists in Pretty Village, Pretty Flame. The song was featured in an episode of the TV series Mad About You in 1995.
- Hot Chocolate released the song as a 45 single on the Apple label, Apple 18, as Hot Chocolate Band, in a reggae version in October 1969.
- Mitch Miller & The Gang covered the song on the Peace Sing-Along album in 1970.
- Aerosmith (featuring Sierra Leone's Refugee All Stars) covered the song for the 2007 benefit album Instant Karma: The Amnesty International Campaign to Save Darfur.
- Elton John recorded the song as a B-side to his UK single "Club at the End of the Street" in 1990. He also performed the song live on his 1970 US tour with bassist Dee Murray and drummer Nigel Olsson, singing only the refrain "All we are saying is give peace a chance".
- Joni Mitchell referenced the song in "California" from her 1971 album Blue.
- The refrain is sung in the background during the Your Move section of Yes's 1971 release "I've Seen All Good People". The song also references Lennon's "Instant Karma!".
- Louis Armstrong recorded the song on 29 May 1970, for an LP entitled Louis Armstrong and Friends (aka What a Wonderful World). The 1970 Louis Armstrong recording was released as a Philips 7" 45 A side single in the UK, 6073 703.
- Pearl Jam's Eddie Vedder led the crowd in singalong to the chorus during a 2003 concert in Adelaide, Australia.
- Madonna performed an acoustic version of the song during her Confessions Tour concert in Moscow, Russia, on 12 September 2006.
- Stevie Wonder performed a snippet of the song at Bonnaroo 2010 and in 1972 at Madison Square Garden in a performance with Lennon and Ono.
- Jazz guitarist Bill Frisell recorded the song for his 2011 album All We Are Saying.
- The metal band Aftermath recorded and released the song as a single in 2020. The version was mentioned in both the official John Lennon Facebook and Twitter pages.
- Ruhlmann, William. "John Lennon – Give Peace a Chance – Song Review". AllMusic. Retrieved 24 October 2019.
- Norman, Philip (2008). John Lennon: The Life. Doubleday Canada. p. 608. ISBN 978-0-385-66100-3.
- Noyer, Paul Du (2010). "John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band". John Lennon: The Stories Behind Every Song 1970–1980 (Rev. ed.). London: Carlton Books Ltd. p. 21. ISBN 978-1-84732-665-2.
- "Give Peace A Chance", The Beatles Bible, accessed 7 September 2019
- Year One
- Perry's studio and full address are written on the 45 label.
- André Perry, Beatology Magazine, quoted at The Beatles Bible
- Du Noyer, Paul (2010). "John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band". John Lennon: The Stories Behind Every Song 1970–1980 (Rev. ed.). London, England: Carlton Books Ltd. p. 25. ISBN 978-1-84732-665-2.
- MacDonald, Ian (2005). Revolution in the Head (2nd revised ed.). Pimlico. p. 358. ISBN 978-1-84413-828-9.
- The Beatles (2000). The Beatles Anthology. Chronicle Books. p. 334. ISBN 0-8118-2684-8.
- Blaney, John (2005). John Lennon: Listen to This Book (illustrated ed.). [S.l.]: Paper Jukebox. p. 18. ISBN 978-0-9544528-1-0.
- "JOHN LENNON | Artist". Official Charts. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
- John Lennon. "John Lennon - Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
- [worldradiohistory.com/Archive-All-Music/Billboard/60s/1969/BB-1969-07-12.pdf "Spotlight Singles"] Check
|url=value (help) (PDF). Billboard. 12 July 1969. p. 64. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
- Perone, James E. (2001). Songs of the Vietnam Conflict. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 57–58. ISBN 978-0-313-31528-2.
- Wiener, Jon (12 January 2010). "Nixon and the 1969 Vietnam Moratorium". The Nation. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
- See, for example, this PBS documentary and this on YouTube.
- Pemberton, Pat (9 December 2010). "Jon Anderson, Former Yes Frontman, Pays Tribute to John Lennon in California". Spinner. Archived from the original on 3 July 2013. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
- Noyer, Paul Du (2010). "Shining On". John Lennon: The Stories Behind Every Song 1970–1980 (Rev. ed.). London: Carlton Books Ltd. p. 14. ISBN 978-1-84732-665-2.
- Hung, Steffen. "Plastic Ono Band - Give Peace A Chance". austriancharts.at. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
- "Plastic Ono Band - Give Peace A Chance". ultratop.be. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
- "Item Display - RPM - Library and Archives Canada". Collectionscanada.gc.ca. Archived from the original on 21 October 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
- "charts.de". charts.de. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
- Hung, Steffen. "Discografie John Lennon". dutchcharts.nl. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
- Hung, Steffen. "Plastic Ono Band - Give Peace A Chance". norwegiancharts.com. Archived from the original on 8 November 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
- Hung, Steffen. "Plastic Ono Band - Give Peace A Chance". hitparade.ch. Archived from the original on 20 December 2013. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
- Blaney, John (2005). John Lennon: Listen to This Book (illustrated ed.). [S.l.]: Paper Jukebox. p. 326. ISBN 978-0-9544528-1-0.
- "Give Peace a Chance". The San Bernardino County Sun. San Bernardino, CA. Associated Press. 16 January 1991. Retrieved 2 December 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- Press Release Archived 31 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Twisted Records Online. Retrieved 25 June 2008.
- "Paul McCartney reveals track listing to live CD/DVD 'Good Evening New York City'". The Independent. 14 October 2009.
- Kulik, Irina (13 September 2006). "Madonna Saddles and Rocks Moscow". Kommersant. Archived from the original on 22 November 2015. Retrieved 21 November 2015.