GivingTuesday

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GivingTuesday
Observed byWorldwide
DateTuesday after Black Friday/Cyber Monday
2021 dateNovember 30
2022 dateNovember 29
2023 dateNovember 28
Frequencyannual
Related toThanksgiving, Black Friday, Buy Nothing Day, Small Business Saturday, Cyber Monday, and Christmas

GivingTuesday, often stylized as #GivingTuesday for the purposes of hashtag activism, is the Tuesday after Thanksgiving in the United States. It is touted as a "global generosity movement unleashing the power of people and organizations to transform their communities and the world".[1] The organization of the same name is an independent 501(c)(3) nonprofit that supports the global movement.[2]

GivingTuesday was initiated in 2012[3] by Henry Timms at the 92nd Street Y in New York. The co-founding organization was the United Nations Foundation,[4] with support from BLK SHP (Black Sheep).[5]

The date range is November 27 to December 3, and is always five days after the Thanksgiving holiday. A similar concept was also floated in 2011 at the non-profit Mary-Arrchie Theater Company in Chicago by then-producing director Carlo Lorenzo Garcia, who urged shoppers via The Huffington Post to consider donating to charity after they had finished their Cyber Monday shopping.[6] He suggested the name Cyber Giving Monday.[6]

For its first eight years, GivingTuesday was housed in the 92nd Street Y’s Belfer Center for Innovation & Social Impact. In June 2019 GivingTuesday split off from 92Y to become an independent organization, with Asha Curran serving as CEO.[7]

GivingTuesday has received support from The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation,[8] Craig Newmark Philanthropies,[9] Emerson Collective, Fidelity Charitable,[10] the Ford Foundation,[11] the Ford Motor Company,[12] PayPal,[13] and the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation.[14]

Programs[edit]

As an organization, GivingTuesday promotes the concept of "generosity not as a benevolence that the haves show to the have-nots but rather an expression of mutuality, solidarity, and reciprocity."[15] To that end, they execute several year-round activities to support the generosity sector around the world.

GivingTuesday has a global presence through 75 country movements spanning the world, each representing their own cultures and needs, while remaining united in their determination to mobilize their countries around generosity and shared humanity. In each country, a team of entrepreneurial leaders work with their own ecosystems of communities, nonprofits, platforms, religious institutions, families, schools, and private sector partners to drive increased giving, connection, and innovation.[16]

At a local and cause level, GivingTuesday operates through an network of leaders working toward a common goal. Around the world, hundreds of GivingTuesday communities are led by a range of handraisers: community foundations, nonprofits, giving groups, giving circles, and social activists. In the U.S. alone, more than 240 GivingTuesday communities and coalitions drive generosity among people with a common connection to a geography, cause, culture or identity.[17]

Data Commons[edit]

The GivingTuesday Data Commons works with partners across sectors and borders to understand the drivers and impacts of generosity, explore giving behaviors and patterns, and use data to inspire more giving around the world.  With over 100 contributing partners and 50 global data labs, the initiative is the largest philanthropic data collaboration ever built.[18]

#GivingTuesdaySpark[edit]

Originally called GivingTuesdayKids, the #GivingTuesdaySpark program focuses on amplifying the voices of young people and spreading the culture of generosity all over the world by connecting leaders from 8 to 22 years old to boost the impact of young people assuming leadership and recognizing their power to make change.[19]

Starling Collective[edit]

Starling Collective is a learning lab and innovative fellowship for grassroots organizers that are often philanthropically underrecognized and under-supported.[20]

History[edit]

Summary of money moved[edit]

Year Date of GivingTuesday Total money moved Total money moved through Blackbaud Total money moved through Facebook Time window for which Facebook donations were matched Other money moved
2012 November 27 no information $10.1 million[21] N/A N/A no information
2013 December 3 $28 million (covers Blackbaud, DonorPerfect, GlobalGiving, Network for Good, and Razoo)[22] $19.2 million[21] (+90% over 2012) N/A N/A no information
2014 December 2 $45.7 million ($34.9 million online, $10.8 million offline) (covers Blackbaud, DonorPerfect, GlobalGiving, Network for Good, and Razoo)[22] (+63% over 2013); also Indiegogo money moved of $7.5 million[22] $26.1 million[22][23][24][25] (+36% over 2013, +159% over 2012) N/A N/A Indiegogo reported raising $7.5 million for 419 organizations.[22]
2015 December 1 $116.7 million[26][27] $39.6 million[28] (+52% over 2014, +292% over 2012) N/A
2016 November 29 Estimates of $168 million[29] and $177 million[30] $47.7 million[31] $6.79 million, of which Facebook and the Gates Foundation matched $900,000[32] (not available) PayPal: $48 million[33]
2017 November 28 $274 million[34] $60.9 million[35] $45 million, of which Facebook and the Gates Foundation matched $2 million[36][37] 86 seconds[38] PayPal: $64 million[39][40]
2018 November 27 $400 million (tentative approximate estimates)[41] $62.6 million[40][42] $125 million, of which Facebook and PayPal matched $7 million[40][41][43][44] 15 seconds[38] PayPal: $98 million,[40][45] DonorPerfect: $35.2 million,[40] Classy: $15.4 million[40]
2019 December 3 $511 million (estimated online donations), $1.97 billion (estimated total of online and offline donations; this was the first year that this quantity was officially estimated)[46] ?? $120 million, of which Facebook matched $7 million; an additional $20 million raised in Giving Tuesday fundraisers in the week leading up to Giving Tuesday[47][48][49] 14 seconds[50] PayPal: $106 million[51]
2020 May 5 (#GivingTuesdayNow) $503 million in the U.S.[52]
2020 December 1 $2.47 billion in the U.S.[53] 2 seconds for 100% matching on first $2 million, ~3 hours for 10% matching on next $50 million[54]
2021 November 30 $2.7 billion in the U.S. [55]

2012[edit]

The idea for GivingTuesday was first announced in October 2012, a month before the first planned GivingTuesday (November 27, 2012). The announcement was made by GivingTuesday founding partner Mashable, a technology website.[56] Other founding partners listed in the story were Skype (launching Skype for Peace) and Cisco. Other partner organizations announced over the coming weeks included Microsoft,[57] Sony, Aldo, Case Foundation, Heifer International, Phoenix House, and Starwood.[58] Mashable provided detailed coverage of GivingTuesday.[59][60]

Other news and opinion websites that announced GivingTuesday well in advance were CNet,[61] the Huffington Post,[62] and Deseret News.[63]

Shortly before, during, and after the date, GivingTuesday was covered by Washington Post,[64] the White House official blog,[65] ABC News,[66] and the Huffington Post.[67][68] Forbes used the occasion to publish a guide to effective giving.[69]

2013[edit]

Mashable also covered Giving Tuesday in 2013,[70] including a partnership with Google+ to hold a "hangout-athon" for Giving Tuesday.[71] The Huffington Post also covered Giving Tuesday extensively.[72]

Giving Tuesday also received coverage in many philanthropy information websites, including Charity Navigator[73] and the Chronicle of Philanthropy.[74][75][76] The December 4 Chronicle of Philanthropy article highlighted a donation by Good Ventures (a foundation funded by Dustin Moskovitz and run by his wife Cari Tuna) to GiveDirectly, Google's hangout-a-thon, and matching grants announced by the Case Foundation.

Giving Tuesday was also covered by mainstream newspapers such as the Los Angeles Times[77] and USA Today.[21]

Charitable giving on Giving Tuesday in 2013 was approximately twice the value in 2012.[21][75][76] Over 7,000 nonprofits participated in the 2013 Giving Tuesday.[74]

2014[edit]

In 2014, the #GivingTuesday movement launched the #GivingTower. The #GivingTower is a partnership between 92nd Street Y, the United Nations Foundation, and Crowdrise. Every donation in the #GivingTower represents a brick in the virtual Tower.[78]

Philanthropy News Digest, the Chronicle of Philanthropy and Mashable reported estimates by the Indiana University Lilly Family School of Philanthropy (with help from the Case Foundation), based on payments processed by Blackbaud, DonorPerfect, GlobalGiving, Network for Good, and Razoo, that a total of $45.7 million was donated on Giving Tuesday ($34.9 million online, and $10.8 million offline that were processed on the next day).[22][23][24][25] Of this, $26.1 million was processed by Blackbaud.[22] The tally did not include $7.5 million that Indiegogo claimed to have raised for 419 nonprofits on that day.[22] By 2014, the movement became global and involved organizations and individuals from 68 countries.[79]

2015[edit]

The John Templeton Foundation released a study based on a survey of Americans that showed that whereas 93% of respondents were familiar with Black Friday, only 18% were familiar with Giving Tuesday, showing that the day still had a long way to go in terms of achieving name recognition.[80][81] Nonetheless, organizers were optimistic about continued growth in money moved, volunteering, and name recognition for the day, and payment processors and retailers offered donation matching and incentive schemes to encourage people to donate on the day.[82][83] In 2015, Blackbaud supplied data to show real-time statistics on an online dashboard to highlight the impact of #GivingTuesday.[84]

Facebook's principal founder and CEO Mark Zuckerberg and his wife Priscilla Chan published an open letter to their newborn daughter, announcing their intention to donate 99%+ of Zuckerberg's wealth from his Facebook shares through the newly formed Chan Zuckerberg Initiative. Their announcement, which did not mention Giving Tuesday, happened on Giving Tuesday 2015, and some commentators noted that the couple had taken Giving Tuesday to a new level.[85] However, Blackbaud's data analysts suspected that Zuckerberg's announcement did not have much effect on the overall volume of charitable giving for the day.[28]

According to initial reports, Blackbaud processed $39.6 million in donations for Giving Tuesday,[28] and total money moved for the day was $117 million.[27]

2016[edit]

In 2016, according to USA today, #GivingTuesday broke a record with $168 million in charitable donations worldwide, topping 2015 by 44%.[29] CNBC reported GivingTuesday.org's number of $177 million.[30] The Blackbaud group processed more than $47.7 million from more than 6,700 organizations (a 20% increase from 2015).[31]

Furthermore, when compared with the previous year, online donation volumes increased by 31% while 33% more nonprofit groups received an online donation. Since 2012, they also calculated that the presence of Giving Tuesday had increased by 317%.

In the U.K., Charities Aid Foundation announced more than one in ten adults took part in the event while 6.4 million people stated they had heard of the movement. Of these people, one in three stated they would do something for charity.[86]

Facebook and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation announced $500,000 in matching for donations to fundraisers on Facebook, and Facebook waived fees for $500,000 in donations. After the $500,000 limit was hit within hours, the Gates Foundation increased its matching to $900,000.[32]

2017[edit]

For GivingTuesday 2017, Facebook and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation announced $2 million in matching for donations to fundraisers on Facebook, and Facebook announced that it would waive its 5% fees for U.S.-based nonprofits all day long. Matching was limited to $1,000 per fundraiser and $50,000 per nonprofit.[32][87] $45 million was raised by nonprofits through Facebook fundraisers on Giving Tuesday, well above the $2 million matching limit.[36][37]

An unofficial third-party analysis, based on data shared by donors with timestamps of donations and whether or not they were matched, showed that donations were matched for only the first 86 seconds.[38]

2018[edit]

For GivingTuesday 2018, Facebook and PayPal announced donation matching for up to $7 million in donations to United States nonprofits starting 8:00 EST on GivingTuesday, on a first-come-first-serve basis, up to $20,000 per donor and $250,000 per nonprofit.[88][89] The match limit being hit was announced 9:05 EST (about one hour after the beginning of matching), and the announcement said that the match was achieved within seconds.[43][90] An unofficial third-party estimate, based on data shared by donors with donation timestamps and whether or not they were matched, showed that donations made till 14 seconds after the start of donations were matched, but donations made 15 seconds or more after the start of matching were not matched.[38] The analysis also claimed that only amounts up to $2,500 per donation were matched (distinct from the total limit per donor and per nonprofit of $20,000 and $250,000).[38] A total of $125 million was raised via Facebook on Giving Tuesday, the highest for a single day on the platform.[40][41][43] Total donations on Giving Tuesday were estimated to be nearly $400 million in the United States alone, according to tentative estimates.[41]

2019[edit]

In July 2019, GivingTuesday spun off as a separate nonprofit from its former parent 92nd Street Y.[91][92]

GivingTuesday was held on December 3, 2019. This was the first year that the GivingTuesday Data Collaborative attempted to estimate both online and offline donations on Giving Tuesday. The estimate for online donations was $511 million, and the estimate for the total across online and offline donations was $1.97 billion.[46]

Facebook announced donation matching for the first $7 million donated starting 8 AM EST on GivingTuesday (the amount matched, start time of match, and other conditions were the same as in 2018). A total of $120 million was raised through Facebook on GivingTuesday, and an additional $20 million was raised in GivingTuesday fundraisers in the week leading up to GivingTuesday. The amount raised through Facebook on GivingTuesday was slightly less than the corresponding amount from the previous year ($125 million).[47][48][49]

An unofficial third-party analysis, based on data shared by donors with timestamps of donations and whether or not they were matched, estimated that Facebook's donation matching ran out within 14 seconds (similar to the 15 seconds seen for the previous year), but donation processing delays caused some donations made significantly earlier to not get matched.[50]

2020[edit]

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, an extra GivingTuesday was organized for May 5, 2020, under the name of GivingTuesday Now.[93] On #GivingTuesdayNow, people responded with activity in 145 countries and a total of $503M in online donations were contributed in the U.S. alone.[94]

The GivingTuesday Data Commons estimates that 34.8 million people participated in GivingTuesday on December 1, 2020, a 29% increase over 2019. GivingTuesday reports total giving increased from $1.97 billion to $2.47 billion in the United States alone, representing a 25% increase compared to GivingTuesday 2019. These totals are in addition to the surge of generosity represented by #GivingTuesdayNow on May 5.[95]

During GivingTuesday 2020, it was reported that 12 countries officially participated in the national movement for the first time; these countries included Chile, Ghana, Guam, Ireland, Lebanon, Nigeria, Paraguay, Philippines, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Korea, and Turkey.[96]

For the normal GivingTuesday (December 1, 2020), Facebook announced slight changes to its donation matching. While the total match amount remained at $7 million and applied to donations starting at 8 AM EST, same as the previous two years, the structure of the match was changed: the first $2 million of donations to U.S. nonprofits would be matched at 100%, and the next $50 million would be matched at 10% (resulting in a spend of $5 million in matching funds). Limits were $100,000 per nonprofit and $20,000 per donor.[97][98]

An unofficial third-party analysis, based on data shared by donors with timestamps of donations and whether or not they were matched, estimated that Facebook's 100% match (for the first $2 million) ran out within two seconds of matching, and the 10% match (for the next $50 million) lasted about three hours.[54]

Reception[edit]

Reception of GivingTuesday has generally been positive, with a large number of organizations, including Google, Microsoft, Skype, Cisco, UNICEF, the Case Foundation, Save the Children, and others joining in as partners.[99] Giving Tuesday has been praised as an antithesis of consumer culture and as a way for people to give back.[63][73][75]

Timothy Ogden, managing director of the Financial Access Initiative at New York University and board member at effective altruism organization GiveWell, wrote articles for the Stanford Social Innovation Review skeptical of Giving Tuesday, one in 2012[100] and another in 2013.[101]

Inside Philanthropy attributed Giving Tuesday's growing success and global reach to the role that technology companies and founders played in promoting the event, including the $5 million matching grant to GiveDirectly announced by Facebook co-founder Dustin Moskovitz's foundation Good Ventures and the $75,000 in matching funds announced by former AOL CEO Steve Case for donations made to charities supported by his organization.[102]

A January 2015 article in Nonprofit Quarterly discussed Giving Tuesday in the context of giving days in general. Giving Tuesday was described as a federated, multi-platform campaign, that involved many different nonprofits and many donation processing platforms, all focusing on a single day so that they could coordinate efforts to raise awareness and publicity. It was contrasted with the Give to the Max Day in Minnesota, that involved many nonprofit participants but used a single donation processor every year to allow for better tracking of the money moved.[103]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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