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Giza Plateau

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From north to south: parts of the city of Giza, the Giza Necropolis, and part of the Giza plateau

The Giza Plateau (Arabic: جيزة بلاتي‎‎) is a plateau that is located in Giza, Egypt. The famous Giza Necropolis is located in this geographical area, which is characterized by a sandy, desert climate and terrain with little vegetation.[1]

The plateau has many tombs. It is somewhat virgin desert and it is a place attractive to tourists, researchers and adherents of New Age.[2] [3]Stout shoes or jogging shoes are recommended for visitors to the plateau.[4]

It was Eugène Grébaut, the French Director[5] of the Antiquities Service who worked on the important work of clearing away the sand from around the Great Sphinx at the Giza Plateau, more than 100 years ago. "In the beginning of the year 1887, the chest, the paws, the altar, and plateau were all made visible. Flights of steps were unearthed, and finally accurate measurements were taken of the great figures. The height from the lowest of the steps was found to be one hundred feet, and the space between the paws was found to be thirty-five feet long and ten feet wide. Here there was formerly an altar; and a stele of Thûtmosis IV was discovered, recording a dream in which he was ordered to clear away the sand that even then was gathering round the site of the Sphinx."[6]

Modern Giza's layout is accessed by two main roads.[7] The first from the north leads to Khufu's pyramids and the other road leads near the Sphinx's forecourt from the east. They cross the Nile River from the east bank and follow the causeway westward. Dominating the plateau and running in a southwest diagonal through the site are the three pyramids of the pharaohs Khufu, Khafra, and Menkaura. The northernmost, and the largest, one belongs to Khufu. Khafra's pyramid is built precisely on a southwest diagonal to his father's pyramid, as well as having been built on higher ground to create the illusion of being bigger. The pyramid of Menkaura is much smaller and is not aligned along the same diagonal line as the other two pyramids.[8] On a clear day the Pyramids of Abusir can be seen from the Giza Plateau.[4]

Some looting took place during the Egyptian Revolution of 2011 at the site.[9] Plans to build the Grand Egyptian Museum (GEM), on the Giza Plateau were stalled and began again. Initially hopes were to have the GEM completed by 2012.[10] In October, 2015, the Minister of Antiquities, Mamdouh al-Damaty, stated that GEM will be inaugurated in 2018.[11]


  1. ^ Hopkins, Daniel J. (1997). Merriam-Webster's Geographical Dictionary (3rd ed.). Merriam Webster. ISBN 978-0877795469. 
  2. ^ Prakasha, Anaiya Aon; Prakasha, Padma Aon (2011). Womb Wisdom: Awakening the Creative and Forgotten Powers of the Feminine. Inner Traditions / Bear & Co,. ISBN 9781594778247. Retrieved 1 November 2016. 
  3. ^ Malkowski, Edward F. (2013). Return of the Golden Age: Ancient History and the Key to Our Collective Future. Inner Traditions / Bear & Co,. ISBN 9781620551981. Retrieved 1 November 2016. 
  4. ^ a b West, John Anthony (1995). The Traveler's Key to Ancient Egypt: A Guide to the Sacred Places of Ancient Egypt (pg 150). Quest Books. ISBN 9780835607247. Retrieved 1 November 2016. 
  5. ^ "A Brief History of the Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA): 1858 to present". SCA - Egypt. 
  6. ^ Rappoport, S. The Project Gutenberg EBook of History Of Egypt From 330 B.C. To The Present Time, Volume 12 (of 12), by S. Rappoport. The Grolier Society Publishers, London. Retrieved 31 October 2016. 
  7. ^ Firestone, Matthew (2010). Egypt. The Lonely Planet. ISBN 9781742203324. Retrieved 1 November 2016. 
  8. ^ Egypt, Land and lives of the pharaohs revealed. Global Book Publishing. p. 126. ISBN 1 74048 056 2. 
  9. ^ Hartley, Aiden (9 November 2013). "The new tomb raiders". The Spectator. UK. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  10. ^ Bradley, M. (August 20, 2009). "Grand Egyptian Museum project moves forward". The National. Archived from the original on 25 September 2009. Retrieved 1 November 2016. 
  11. ^ Al-Youm, Al-Masry (October 5, 2015). "Great Museum to be inaugurated in May 2018". Egypt Independent. Retrieved 1 November 2016. 

Coordinates: 29°58′34″N 31°07′58″E / 29.97611°N 31.13278°E / 29.97611; 31.13278