Gjon Markagjoni

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Kapedan
Gjon MarkaGjoni
Gjon Markagjoni.jpg
Born 28 August 1888
Orosh, Mirdita, Ottoman Empire (present-day Albania)
Died 28 April 1966
Rome, Italy
Resting place Rome, Italy
Occupation Clan chief
Title Kapedan of the Mirdita clan
Predecessor Marka Gjoni
Successor none
Parent(s) Marka Gjoni

Chieftain (Albanian: Kapedan) Gjon MarkaGjoni (1888–1966) was an Albanian Catholic clan chieftain.[1]

Biography[edit]

He was born in Orosh, Mirditë District, Albania, on 28 August 1888, the only son of Kapidan Marka Gjoni (1861–1925). His father was an Albanian clan leader who rebelled against the Albanian government. In 1921 in an alliance with Esadists, Marka Gjoni founded the Republic of Mirdita in northern Albania and served as its president during its short existence. His republic did not receive recognition by its alleged citizens nor from other countries. Marka Gjoni's rebellion was extinguished by the Albanian government later that year. Marka Gjoni fled to Yugoslavia, but later returned to Albania and remained active in the political life of the highlands.[2]

Gjon married Mrika Pervizi (1883-1969) in 1904, the niece of the Bajraktar of Kurbin, Gjok Pjeter Pervizi. They had ten children.

Succession as clan leader, 1925[edit]

After the death of his father, Kapidan Marka Gjoni in 1925, Kapidan Gjon inherited the responsibility handed down to him as leader of Mirdita.[3][need quotation to verify] He was often called upon to intervene in feuds raging within other Mirdita tribes and to preside over the arguments with fairness and clarity, but most of all to pass on judgments following the guidelines of the Kanun.[citation needed]

Although young, at the age of 37 he was already distinguished as a leader of the mission. He was responsible for reconciling 620 blood feuds between 1926-1928, leading Mirdita to become one of the more peaceful regions of the North. Because of his leadership skills in mediating reconciliations his fame became widely known and many activists and foreign leaders requested to meet him. In 1930 Kapidan Gjon went to Rome where he was received with high honors from the Italian Government and the Pope.

In a conversation with Zog, back then president of Albania, Kapidan Gjon presented his economic views on the poor state of Mirdita, getting a promise that the region would be exempt from any state tax. When Ahmet Zogu was proclaimed king in 1928, all the northern chiefs of the mountains, among them Kapidan Gjon, met with the him, while Gjon was the first chief to be allowed a meeting with the King before all the rest.[citation needed]

In 1944, Kapidan Gjon, along with his sons, Mark, Ndue and Lesh, organized an anti-communists resistance. Thus, Kapidan Mark Gjomarkaj, with full support of his father Kapidan Gjon, founded the "National Independent Group" in Shkodra, which he developed through his own political activity.[citation needed]

Exile in Rome[edit]

Overpowered by the communists, he was forced to leave his Mirdita under the escort of his second eldest son Ndue. In Kastrat, on November 27, 1944, he gave farewell to his crew including his sons Mark and Llesh who would stay behind and continue the fight. Accompanied by his son Ndue, he was forced to leave behind his sons Mark and Llesh to continue the fight against the partisans. They both died heroically in combat; Mark on 14 June 1946 and Llesh on 9 August 1947.

Gjon Marka Gjoni, collaborated with the Albanian publicist and writer Ernest Koliqi, for sketching a political organization in exile. This organization was named "Independent National Bloc", which was formed on 6 November 1946, in Rome. Professor Ernest Koliqi, in an article published in Shejzat on May 6, 1966 would write on behalf of Markagjoni:

"Those who lived near the Kapidan and were fortunate to meet and serve him, will always remember his generosity and sharpness. He was lovingly surrounded by us and we will always be thankful that he participated in our discussions without ever missing a word. He always offered sincere and wise advice and always managed to mesmerize us with his insight. He was a man who understood everything with a magnificently sharp memory. We will always remember his noble face, full of kindness. We will always remember him as noble and sensitive. Even after years of suffering, his thoughts were always clear and lucid. Everyone around him was always impressed with his stories of the old world and we were all amazed at the clarity of his memory."

Kapidan Gjon lived in Rome with his son Ndue, his daughter-in-law Maria Teresa and three granddaughters: Maria Cristina, Bianca Maria and Alessandra. He became seriously ill in 1960. His life continued in relatively good health until 1964, when the disease advanced. This would keep him hospitalized for two years. He died on April 28, 1966. He was buried in Rome on April 30, 1966. His funeral was attended by a multitude of dignitaries, scholars and friends. Telegrams and condolences were sent by Leka, Crown Prince of Albania, Cardinal Antoniutti and Francesco Jacomoni among others.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Biografi: a traveller's tale Lloyd Jones - 1994 -p59 "The Englishman had climbed 2,000 feet above the Fani i vogel River to meet Gjon Marka Gjoni, the hereditary Chieftain of Mirdite and permanent chief of all the Catholic clans in northern Albania. Swire describes a sturdy figure in "a dark red ...
  2. ^ At Giuseppe Valentini, Vepra (publicistikë, studime dhe tekste) (Plejad: Tirana, 2005) 742.
  3. ^ mirdita.net

External links[edit]