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A glass of glögg
Glögg made with orange peel and spices
Glögg being warmed up

Glögg, gløgg or glögi[a] is a spiced, usually alcoholic, mulled wine or spirit. Associated especially with Sweden, it is a traditional Nordic drink during winter, especially around Christmas.[1][2][3]

In the Nordic countries, hot wine has been a common drink since at least the 16th century. The original form of glögg, a spiced liquor, was consumed by messengers and postmen who travelled on horseback or skis in cold weather. Since the early 19th century, glögg has been a common winter drink, mixed and warmed with juice, syrup, and sometimes with a splash of harder spirits or punsch.[4]

Glögg recipes vary widely; variations commonly start with white or sweet wine or spirits such as brandy or cognac. The production of glögg begins by boiling water and adding spices to it. After a few minutes of simmering, the mixture is sieved and fruit juice, wine or clear spirits are added. Other versions begin by warming up the wine, alcohol, and sugar (not boiling it) and letting the spices steep in it overnight. The most common spices in glögg are cloves, cinnamon, cardamom and ginger. Other common ingredients can include citrus peel from oranges or lemons, raisins, or almonds.[5]

Glögg can also be made without alcohol by replacing the wine with fruit or berry juices. In shops ready-made glögg is usually based on grape juice, sometimes also blackcurrant juice, mixed fruit juice, apple juice or wine. There are also stronger, rum-based types of glögg. Ready-made glögg from shops is warmed up before use, but if it is wine-based or high in alcohol content, it should not be heated to boiling point. It is common to add whole almonds or raisins to glögg while it is being warmed up or just before drinking.[6]

Glögg came to Finland from Sweden. The Finnish word glögi comes from the Swedish word glögg, which in turn comes from the words glödgat vin or hot wine. At the end of the 19th century, glögg mixed with wine was drunk, but due to prohibition, consumption of glögg almost stopped completely. When prohibition was lifted in the 1930s glögg was advertised in Fenno-Swedish magazines, and in the 1950s and 60s, the drinking of glögg was a Fenno-Swedish tradition. At the end of the 1960s and beginning of the 1970s, glögg recipes began to also appear in Finnish language magazines, after which glögg became a Christmas tradition in the whole of Finland.[7]

While mulled wine (hõõgvein) was long known and popular in Estonia, Swedish-style glögg spread into Estonia only in the 1990s, after the country re-opened to outside influences following the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Local commercial production of glögg started in 1995.[8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Swedish: glögg, Danish: gløgg, Norwegian: gløgg, Icelandic: glögg, Faroese: gløgg, Finnish: glögi, Estonian: glögi


  1. ^ "Gløgg". Det Norske Akademis ordbok. Archived from the original on December 23, 2019. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
  2. ^ "Glögg (Swedish Mulled Wine)". 18 December 2015. Archived from the original on December 23, 2019. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
  3. ^ "Glögi (mulled wine)". 25 November 2017. Archived from the original on December 23, 2019. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
  4. ^ "Finnish Christmas". Archived from the original on 2 February 2019. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  5. ^ Suova, Maija, ed. (1958), Emännän tietokirja [The Hostess' Non-fiction book] (in Finnish), vol. I–II (4th revised ed.), WSOY, p. 135
  6. ^ "Glögg". NE Nationalencyklopedin AB. Archived from the original on August 4, 2020. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
  7. ^ Hufvudstadsbladet, 15.12.2011, p. 22.
  8. ^ "Glögi: menukal jõulujoogil on pikk ajalugu ja palju maitsenüansse". Õhtuleht. Retrieved December 23, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

External links[edit]