Glacier County, Montana

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Glacier County, Montana
Glacier County Courthouse in Cut Bank, Montana.JPG
Glacier County Courthouse in Cut Bank
Map of Montana highlighting Glacier County
Location in the state of Montana
Map of the United States highlighting Montana
Montana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1919
Seat Cut Bank
Largest city Cut Bank
Area
 • Total 3,037 sq mi (7,866 km2)
 • Land 2,996 sq mi (7,760 km2)
 • Water 41 sq mi (106 km2), 1.40%
Population
 • (2010) 13,399
 • Density 4.5/sq mi (2/km²)
Congressional district At-large
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website www.glaciercountymt.org

Glacier County is located in the U.S. state of Montana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,399.[1] The county is located in northwestern Montana between the Great Plains and the Rocky Mountains, known to the Blackfeet as the "Backbone of the World". The county is geographically and culturally diverse and includes the Blackfeet Indian Reservation, Glacier National Park, and Lewis & Clark National Forest. The county is bordered by 75 miles of international boundary with two ports of entry (Piegan and Del Bonita) open year round and one seasonal (Chief Mountain) international border crossings into Alberta, Canadian. Five small communities and two incorporated towns are located within the county.

Cut Bank is the county seat [2] with a population of approximately 3,500 residents. It is located on the east end of the county at the start of the Great Plains. Cut Bank sprang up around the railroad and agriculture needs of the surrounding area and also reflects part of a large oil boom in the early part of the century. The diverse population is the result of this settlement. Town resources include a hospital and clinic, a historic airport with regional and international connections, a nine hole golf course, swimming pool. Nearby sites of the Louis and Clark expedition and other interesting historic and prehistoric sites can be visited. The Glacier County Museum has an interesting collection of area artifacts, historic buildings, community memorabilia, and a comprehensive archive of early area history and individuals, including an large collection of data on Blackfeet history.

Browning is the home and government seat of the Blackfeet Tribe.[3] The incorporated portion of Browning, at 1,400, does not reflect the population of 7,000 in the community that is largely representative of the Blackfeet Tribe on a part of their ancestral homeland dating back over 5,000 years. Town resources include a federal building, community college, world-class Indian Museum and Heritage Center, casino, fairgrounds, race track, and Indian camp area that hosts an annual Indian celebration and pow-wow. Many events center on this area during the summer months. Blackfeet Tribal fishing and recreational permits, along with guide and tour services to blue ribbon trout fishing and other recreational opportunities can be found here.

Babb is a small unincorporated farming and ranching community on the Blackfeet Indian Reservation. The community experiences a large influx of tourist in the summer months as it is the gateway to the Many Glacier area of Glacier National Park. Community infrastructure includes one school (Babb Elementary [1] School), a U.S. Post Office [2], a fire station that houses the Babb/St. Mary Volunteer Fire Department [3], Thronson's General Store and Motel [4], several restaurants, two churches, and a gas station. Nearby attractions include Glacier National Park [5], the Many Glacier Hotel, the St. Mary River, the St. Mary Irrigation Canal, Chief Mountain, and the U.S. ports of entry of Piegan and Chief Mountain.

East Glacier Park Village, a small winter community grows in the summer with many visitors and the summer help from all parts of the globe that meet the needs of the larger population. It is the site of the largest of Glacier Park’s historic hotels and fleet of “red buses”. There is a very beautiful and challenging nine hole golf course, campgrounds, trail rides, boat rides, native interpretive tours and other recreational activities located at this stop on the railroad.

St. Mary is an unincorporated community on the western border of the Blackfeet Indian Reservation adjacent to Glacier National Park. The village is the eastern terminus of the Going-to-the-Sun Road which bisects the park east to west, a distance of 53 mi (85 km). Fewer than 50 people reside in the village year-round; however, the population increases tenfold on a busy summer evening. Several lodges, restaurants and cafés, a small grocery store, two gas stations and campgrounds are located in the village. A large housing area for National Park Service personnel is located adjacent to the village, but within the park. U.S. Route 89 passes through the village, which lies between Saint Mary Lake in Glacier National Park and Lower St. Mary Lake on the Blackfeet Indian Reservation.

Starr School is a census-designated place (CDP) in Glacier County, Montana, United States. The population was 248 at the 2000 census.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,037 square miles (7,870 km2), of which 2,996 square miles (7,760 km2) is land and 41 square miles (110 km2) (1.3%) is water.[4] About 70.85 percent of the county's land area lies within the Blackfeet Indian Reservation. Another 20.58 percent lies within Glacier National Park at the county's extreme west. The balance of the county, the extreme eastern section, is centered around its largest city, Cut Bank.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 4,178
1930 5,297 26.8%
1940 9,034 70.5%
1950 9,645 6.8%
1960 11,565 19.9%
1970 10,783 −6.8%
1980 10,628 −1.4%
1990 12,121 14.0%
2000 13,247 9.3%
2010 13,447 1.5%
Est. 2014 13,696 [5] 1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

At the 2000 census,[10] there were 13,247 people, 4,304 households and 3,245 families residing in the county. The population density was 4 per square mile (2/km²). There were 5,243 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 35.43% White, 0.08% Black or African American, 61.80% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 2.39% from two or more races. 1.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 11.3% were of German ancestry according to Census 2000. 90.1% spoke English, 6.0% Blackfoot and 3.6% German as their first language.

There were 4,304 households of which 42.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 16.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.6% were non-families. 21.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.03 and the average family size was 3.56.

34.9% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 9.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.1 males.

The median household income was $27,921 and the median family income was $31,193. Males had a median income of $27,445 compared $23,036 for females. The per capita income for the county was $11,597. About 23.5% of families and 27.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.7% of those under age 18 and 20.1% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Town[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 15, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ http://www.blackfeetcountry.com/blackfeetnation.html
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved November 28, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 28, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 28, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 28, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 28, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Coordinates: 48°42′N 113°01′W / 48.70°N 113.02°W / 48.70; -113.02