Gladiolus palustris

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Gladiolus palustris
Iridaceae - Gladiolus palustris-4.JPG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Iridaceae
Genus: Gladiolus
G. palustris
Binomial name
Gladiolus palustris
  • Gladiolus boucheanus Schltdl.
  • Gladiolus communis subsp. palustris (Gaudin) Bonnier & Layens
  • Gladiolus felicis Z.Mirek
  • Gladiolus imbricatus subsp. parviflorus K.Richt.
  • Gladiolus parviflorus Berdau
  • Gladiolus pratensis A.Dietr.
  • Gladiolus triphyllus Bertol.

Gladiolus palustris, common name marsh gladiolus or sword lily, is a herbaceous perennial plant belonging to the genus Gladiolus of the family Iridaceae. The genus name Gladiolus is the Latin diminutive of gladius, a sword, while the specific Latin name palustris, meaning growing in marshes, refers to the alleged environment of this species.


Gladiolus palustris reaches on average 30–60 centimetres (12–24 in) of height. The stem is erect, glabrous and unbranched, the bulbus is spherical with cross-linked fibers at the top. The leaves are shorter than the stem, simple, with a parallel venation, sword-shaped, 4–9 centimetres (1.6–3.5 in) long. The inflorescence is composed of three to six hermaphroditic flowers, trifoliate, with a rosy violet or magenta perigonium, about 30 centimetres (12 in) long. The flowering period of these plants extends from May through July. They are pollinated by bumblebees.

Wild Gladiolus Palustris, Behbahan
Wild Gladiolus Palustris, Behbahan



This species is native of Central and NW Europe. It occurs in eastern France, Switzerland, in southern and eastern Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Poland. It is present in the Italian Alps, Austria and Hungary and more common in the Balkan region. Other locations are in Eastern Europe, including Romania.[3]


Notwithstanding the name, these plants do not grow in marshes, as they prefer calcareous, moist and humus rich environments alternately wet and dry, in wet meadows and forest clearings. They can be found at a maximum altitude of 1,200–1,500 metres (3,900–4,900 ft).


  1. ^ Bilz, M. 2011. Gladiolus palustris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T162188A5555329. Accessed on 04 May 2022.
  2. ^ Gladiolus palustris Gaudin | Kew Science. (n.d.). Plants of the World Online. Retrieved May 4, 2022, from–1
  3. ^ Miu, Iulia V.; Rozylowicz, Laurentiu; Popescu, Viorel D.; Anastasiu, Paulina (2020). "Identification of areas of very high biodiversity value to achieve the EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030 key commitments". PeerJ. 8. doi:10.7717/peerj.10067. PMC 7532765.
  • Pignatti S. - Flora d'Italia - Edagricole – 1982

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