Gladstone bag

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A 16-inch Gladstone bag made of ox leather

A Gladstone bag is a small portmanteau suitcase built over a rigid frame which could separate into two equal sections. Unlike a suitcase, a Gladstone bag is "deeper in proportion to its length."[1] They are typically made of stiff leather and often belted with lanyards. The bags are named after William Ewart Gladstone (1809–1898), the four-time Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.[2]


Hinged luggage was first developed in the late 19th century. The first Gladstone bag was designed and manufactured by J G Beard at his leather shop in the City of Westminster.[3] Beard was an avid admirer of Gladstone, and named it to memorialise his name.

Though the Gladstone bag developed into the typical flat-sided suitcase of today, modern leather versions are marketed which in fact are not Gladstone bags. Often these modern bags are made with soft, rounded sides, only opening at the top. This incorrectly named Gladstone bag is actually a kit bag, or a square-mouthed bag.

Usage in literature[edit]

In J.D. Salinger's The Catcher in the Rye, Holden Caulfied mentions packing his "Gladstones", which are adorned with school stickers, and carrying his "Gladstones" as he walks to the train.

In Arthur Conan Doyle's The Man with the Twisted Lip, Sherlock Holmes carries some equipment in a Gladstone bag.

In Jerome K Jerome's Three Men in a Boat this reference is made while planning their journey: "We got a big Gladstone for the clothes, and a couple of hampers for the victuals and the cooking utensils."

In Vladimir Nabokov's Pnin, a reference to Pnin's "Gladstone Bag" containing, among other things, a "relatively new black suit" that Professor Pnin planned to wear for a lecture.

In Joseph Conrad's The Secret Agent Stevie devotedly carries Mr. Verloc's bag away after Mr. Verloc returns home from the Continent.

In Neil Gaiman's Stardust, Tristran Thorn is mentioned to carry a gladstone bag with him as he adventures beyond the wall.

In Jonathan L. Howard's Johannes Cabal the Necromancer, Johannes Cabal carries his wide array of medical and various other supplies in a gladstone bag.

In Paul Scott's The Jewel in the Crown, Edwina Crane uses a gladstone bag on overnight visits to other characters' homes.

In Dashiell Hammett's Red Harvest, the Continental Detective Agency Operative uses a gladstone bag which is searched by Dinah Brand as he showers.

In H. Rider Haggard's "She", Mr. Holly carries his Gladstone bag all the way to the lost tombs of Kor.

In W. S. Burroughs' Cities of the Red Night the health officer escapes a flood with his "alligator-skin Gladstone bag". The date given is September 14th, 1923.

In Oscar Wilde's The Picture of Dorian Gray, the artist Basil Hallward uses a Gladstone bag when he journeys to Paris.

In Paul Theroux's The Great Railway Bazaar, while in Belgrase Theroux mentions a granny "carried a battered Gladstone bag."

In Jack Higgins' Book The Eagle Has Landed the IRA/Abwehr operative agent Liam Devlin carries his equipment/clothing in a Gladstone bag.

At the end of James Joyce's Finnegans Wake, ALP refers to HCE's 'Clarksome bag', understood to be a reference to a Gladstone bag.

In John LeCarre's novel "The Constant Gardener", some important documents are carried by one central character in a Gladstone bag.

In Tennessee Williams "The Night of the Iguana" the Rev. Shannon has "a beat up Gladstone covered with travel stickers"

In Berkeley Gray's (pseudonym of Edwy Searles Brooks) story "Thank You, Mr. Conquest", where Norman Conquest uses one to carry the 'boodle' from where he found it.

In W. Somerset Maugham's The Painted Veil, at the Preface, the author speaks of a journey he took to Italy as a student with just his clothes in a Gladstone bag.

In chapter three of Richard Hannay's adventure in John Buchan's Greenmantle the protagonist has secured his kit in a Gladstone bag.

In Anthony Powell's A Dance To The Music Of Time, Uncle Giles keeps his important possessions in a Gladstone bag.


  1. ^ Lehmann, Mary Augusta (1917). The leather goods department. The Ronald press company. p. 81. 
  2. ^ Freeman, Morton S. (1997). A new dictionary of eponyms. Oxford UP. p. 109. ISBN 978-0-19-509354-4. 
  3. ^ "History of the Gladstone Bag". Retrieved 2009-09-05.