27 August 1904
|Died||19 January 1988 (aged 83)|
|Monuments||Plaque on Jubilee 150 Walkway|
Gladys Elphick Park
|Residence||Point Pearce as a child|
|Other names||Gladys Hughes|
|Organization||Council of Aboriginal Women of South Australia, which became the Aboriginal Council of South Australia|
|Spouse(s)||Walter Hughes (1922–37)|
Frederick Elphick (1940–69)
|Children||Timothy and Alfred|
|Parent(s)||John Herbert Walters and Gertrude Adams|
|Awards||Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) (1971),|
South Australian Aborigine of the Year (1984)
Gladys Elphick MBE (27 August 1904 – 19 January 1988) was an Australian Aboriginal woman of Kaurna and Ngadjuri descent, best known as the founding president of the Council of Aboriginal Women of South Australia, which became the Aboriginal Council of South Australia in 1973. She was known to the community as Auntie Glad.
Gladys Elphick was born Gladys Walters in Adelaide, South Australia, but was raised at the Point Pearce Mission on the Yorke Peninsula. On leaving school at age twelve, she worked in Point Pearce's dairy. Elphick married Walter Hughes, a shearer, in 1922. After her husband's death in 1937, Elphick moved to Adelaide, lived with her cousin Gladys O'Brien, and worked as a domestic. Elphick worked at the Islington Railway Workshops in Adelaide's northern suburbs during World War II creating shells and other munitions. She married Frederick Elphick in 1940.
Elphick joined the Aborigines Advancement League of South Australia in the 1940s and became active in committee work with the League in the 1960s. In 1964, Elphick became the founding president of the Council of Aboriginal Women of South Australia, a role she served until 1973. The Council was active in campaigning for the 1967 Referendum. The Council became the Aboriginal Council of South Australia in 1973, and from then included men in its remit and governance.
Also in 1973, Elphick was involved in setting up the Aboriginal Community Centre, and served as its treasurer, and helped establish the College of Aboriginal Education in 1973. She co-founded the Aboriginal Medical Service of South Australia in 1977.
Awards and Honours
She was named South Australian Aborigine of the Year in 1984, during National Aborigines Week.
A plaque honouring Gladys Elphick and her work for the community is part of the Jubilee 150 Walkway, a series of 150 bronze plaques set into the footpath of North Terrace, Adelaide commemorating "a selection of people who had made a significant contribution to the community or gained national and international recognition for their work".
An award has been named in her honour by the International Women's Day Committee (South Australia). Presented since 2003, it is a Community Spirit Award Acknowledging Outstanding Aboriginal Women. Known as the Gladys Elphick Award, it is awarded to recognise Aboriginal women working to advance the status of Indigenous people.
- Robert Hall, "Hughes, Timothy (1919–1976)", Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 14, (MUP), 1996. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
- E. M. Fisher (2007). "Elphick, Gladys (1904–1988)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. MUP. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
- The Order of the British Empire - Member (MBE), 1 January 1971, It's An Honour. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
- J150 Plaque, Gladys Elphick, Adelaidia. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
- Gladys Elphick Awards, retrieved 19 April 2014 Archived 2014-04-20 at the Wayback Machine
- "Gladys Elphick's 115th Birthday". Google. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
- "The Gladys Elphick Awards". The Australian Women's Register (Australian Women's Archives Project. An initiative of The National Foundation for Australian Women (NFAW) in conjunction with The University of Melbourne. Retrieved 5 September 2019.CS1 maint: others (link)
- Gladys Elphick Park / Narnungga (Park 25), adelaideparklands.com.au. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
- Gladys Elphick MBE, in S.A.'s Greats: the men and women of the North Terrace plaques, via Adelaidia