Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka

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Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka
Gladys Kalema Zikusoka.jpg
Residence Uganda
Alma mater University of London Royal Veterinary College, North Carolina State University
Known for Study of mountain gorillas, conservation
Notable awards Whitley Awards (UK) (2009)

Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka (born 8 January 1970) is a veterinarian and founder of Conservation Through Public Health, an organisation dedicated to the coexistence of endangered mountain gorillas, other wildlife, humans, and livestock in Africa. She was Uganda's first woman to be the country's wildlife veterinary officer and was the star of the BBC documentary, Gladys the African Vet. In 2009 she won the Whitley Gold Award for her conservation work.

Early life and studies[edit]

Interested in animals since the age of 12 while growing up in Kampala, Kalema-Zikusoka started a wildlife club at her school and organised trips to Queen Elizabeth National Park.[1], [2] Her professional studies began when she won a scholarship to study at the University of London Royal Veterinary College.[3]

Personal life[edit]

Kalema-Zikusoka is married to Lawrence Zikusoka, a technology entrepreneur and one of the co-founders of Conservation Through Public Health. They have two children.

Professional accomplishments[edit]

When Kalema-Zikusoka was 25, she was appointed to be the veterinary officer for the Ugandan Wildlife Service, which later merged with Uganda's national parks to become the Uganda Wildlife Authority.[4] She was first woman to hold that position.[5] She pioneered the first wildlife translocations to restock Uganda's national parks following years of poaching during Uganda's civil wars.

As part of her veterinary research, she identified parasite transmission from humans to mountain gorillas as a significant risk factor for gorillas.[6]

Following her demonstration of pathways for human diseases to harm or kill gorillas, Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka, Lawrence Zikusoka, and Stephen Rubanga then founded Conservation Through Public Health to improve both human and ecological health in Africa.[7] CTPH is a non-profit organisation based in Uganda and the USA that conducts programs that protect gorillas and other wildlife from human and livestock disease risk; that reduce human and livestock diseases in the vicinity of wildlife; that increase the local use of family planning; and that use Information/Communication Technology both to help local development and to educate people about the environment.[8] Kalema-Zikusoka is the CEO of the organisation.

Honors, awards, and other recognitions[edit]

Kalema-Zikusoka has received a number of honours, awards, and other public recognitions of her environmental and humanitarian work. In 2009, she won the Whitley Gold Award, the top prize awarded in what has been considered the "Green Oscars".[9]. In 2008, the San Diego Zoo gave her its Conservation-in-Action Award. [10] In 2007, Seed Magazine named her one of their eight Revolutionary Minds in Science.[11] In 2006, Kalema-Zikusoka was elected to an Ashoka Fellowship.[12] In 2003, WWF's Russell E. Train Education for Nature Program [13] awarded her funding to attend the IUCN World Parks Congress.

Kalema-Zikusoka was profiled in the BBC documentary, Gladys the African Vet.[14] She has also been featured in documentaries in National Geographic, Animal Planet, MNet and Uganda Television.[15]

She was chosen among nine international environmental leaders to write a letter to the next US President in Sierra Club Magazine, November/December 2008 issue.

Selected publications[edit]

  • Kalema G. 1994. Letter entitled "Veterinarians and Zoological Medicine" to the Veterinary Record. The Veterinary Record, 135 (1).
  • Nizeyi J. B., Mwebe R, Nanteza A, Cranfield M.R, Kalema G.R.N.N., Graczyk T. 1999. Cryptosporidium sp. and Giardia sp. Infections in mountain gorillas (Gorilla gorilla beringei) of the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. Journal Parasitology 85 (7). American Society of Parasitologists.
  • Nizeye J. B., Innocent R. B., Erume J, Kalema G. R. N. N., Cranfield M. R. and Graczyk T. K. 2001. Campylobacteriosis, Salmonellosis, and Shigellosis in free-ranging human-habituated mountain gorillas in Uganda. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 37(2): 239–244.
  • Graczyk T. K., DaSilva A. J., Cranfield M. R., Nizeye J. B., Kalema G. R and Pieniazek N. J. 2001. Cryptosporidium parvum genotype 2 infections in free-ranging mountain gorillas (Gorilla gorilla beringei) of the Bwindi Impenetrable National park, Uganda. Parasitology Research 87(5):368-70.
  • Kalema-Zikusoka G, Kock R. A., Macfie E. J. 2002. Scabies in free-ranging mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei) in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. Veterinary Record 150(1):12-5.
  • Kalema-Zikusoka G and Lowenstine L. 2001. Rectal prolapse in a free-ranging mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei): clinical presentation and surgical management. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 32(4):509–513.
  • Kalema-Zikusoka G, Horne W. A., Levine J. and Loomis M. R. 2003. Comparison of the cardiopulmonary effects of medetomidine-butorphanol-ketamine and

medetomidine-butorphanol- midazolam in patas monkeys (Erthyrocebus patas). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 34(1):47–52.

  • Kalema-Zikusoka G, Rothman JM, Fox MT. 2005. Intestinal parasites and bacteria of mountain gorillas ( Gorilla beringei beringei) in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. Primates 46:59–63.
  • Steven. O. Osofsky, Richard A. Kock, Michael D. Kock, Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka, Richard Grahn, Tim Leyland, William. B. Karesh. 2005. Building support for Protected Ares using a One Health perspective In: Friends for Life, New partners in support of protected areas. Edited by Jeff McNeily. Published by IUCN, Species Survival Commission.
  • Kalema-Zikusoka G, Bengis R, G., A. L. Michel and M. H. Woodford. 2005. A preliminary investigation of tuberculosis and other diseases in African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) in Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, 72:145–151.
  • Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka, and Lynne Gaffikin. 2008. Sharing the Forest, Protecting Gorillas and Helping Families in Uganda. Focus series, published by the Woodrow Wilson International Centre for International Scholars and USAID, Issue 17 October 2008.
  • Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka. 2009. Lair of a Silverback. Wild Places. National Geographic Traveler, Issue October 2009.

External links[edit]