Glarus Süd

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Glarus Süd
Coat of arms of Glarus Süd
Coat of arms
Glarus Süd is located in Switzerland
Glarus Süd
Glarus Süd
Coordinates: 47°00′N 9°04′E / 47.000°N 9.067°E / 47.000; 9.067Coordinates: 47°00′N 9°04′E / 47.000°N 9.067°E / 47.000; 9.067
Country Switzerland
Canton Glarus
District n.a.
Area[1]
 • Total 430.11 km2 (166.07 sq mi)
Elevation 521 m (1,709 ft)
Population (Dec 2014[2])
 • Total 9,761
 • Density 23/km2 (59/sq mi)
Postal code 8762
SFOS number 1631
Localities Betschwanden, Braunwald, Diesbach, Elm, Engi, Haslen, Hätzingen, Leuggelbach, Linthal, Luchsingen, Matt, Mitlödi, Nidfurn, Rüti, Schwanden, Schwändi, Sool.
Surrounded by Glarus, Glarus Nord, Quarten (SG), Flums (SG), Mels (SG), Pfäfers (SG), Flims (GR), Laax (GR), Ilanz/Glion (GR), Andiast (GR), Waltensburg/Vuorz (GR), Breil/Brigels (GR), Trun (GR), Sumvitg (GR), Disentis/Mustér (GR), Silenen (UR), Spiringen (UR), Muotathal (SZ)
Website www.glarus-sued.ch
SFSO statistics

Glarus Süd is a municipality in the Swiss canton of Glarus. It comprises the upper Linth valley, and the entire Sernf valley, and includes the villages of Betschwanden, Braunwald, Diesbach, Elm, Engi, Haslen, Hätzingen, Leuggelbach, Linthal, Luchsingen, Matt, Mitlödi, Nidfurn, Rüti, Schwanden, Schwändi and Sool.[3][4]

Glarus Süd is one of three municipalities of the canton of Glarus, the others being Glarus and Glarus Nord.

History[edit]

Hüttenberg and Eggstöcke near Braunwald
Monument to the dead in Elm in the 1881 avalanche
Mitlödi village

The municipality of Glarus Süd was created on 1 January 2011, incorporating the former municipalities of Betschwanden, Braunwald, Elm, Engi, Haslen, Linthal, Luchsingen, Matt, Mitlödi, Rüti, Schwanden, Schwändi and Sool. At the time of its creation, Glarus Süd was the largest Swiss municipality by area. As of 1 January 2015, it was overtaken in size by the expanded municipality of Scuol in the canton of Graubünden.[5][6]

Geography[edit]

Glarus Süd incorporates all of the valley of the Linth river from Mitlödi, just upstream of the town of Glarus, to the source, together with the whole of the valley of the Sernf river that joins the Linth in Schwanden. It also incorporates the mountain ranges that flank both valleys and separate them. With the exception of the resort village of Braunwald, all the centres of population of the municipality lie in one or other valley. Heading upstream from Mitlödi along the valley of the Linth, the villages of Sool, Schwändi, Schwanden, Nidfurn, Haslen, Leuggelbach, Luchsingen, Hätzingen, Diesbach, Betschwanden, Rüti and Linthal are encountered. Heading upstream from Schwanden along the valley of the Sernf, the villages of Engi, Matt and Elm are encountered.[4]

After the 2011 merger Glarus Süd had an area of 430.11 km2 (166.07 sq mi).[1] Based on the 2004/09 survey, about 28.8% of the total area is used for agricultural purposes, while 27.0% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.6% is settled (buildings or roads) and 42.6% is unproductive land. Over the past two decades (1979/85-2004/09) the amount of land that is settled has increased by 117 ha (290 acres) and the agricultural land has decreased by 571 ha (1,410 acres).[7]

The municipality encompasses altitudes from 504 m (1,654 ft) at Mitlödi to the summit of Tödi at 3,614 m (11,857 ft). Other notable peaks include Bifertenstock (3,419 m or 11,217 ft), Clariden (3,267 m or 10,719 ft), Hausstock (3,158 m or 10,361 ft), Ruchi (3,107 m or 10,194 ft), Selbsanft (3,029 m or 9,938 ft), Glärnisch (2,915 m or 9,564 ft), Kärpf (2,794 m or 9,167 ft), Ortstock (2,717 m or 8,914 ft), Rüchigrat (2,657 m or 8,717 ft), Foostock (2,611 m or 8,566 ft), Magerrain (2,524 m or 8,281 ft), Gulderstock (2,511 m or 8,238 ft), Spitzmeilen (2,501 m or 8,205 ft), Bützistock (2,496 m or 8,189 ft), Wissgandstöckli (2,488 m or 8,163 ft), Eggstöcke (2,455 m or 8,054 ft), Gufelstock (2,436 m or 7,992 ft), Vorder Glärnisch (2,327 m or 7,635 ft) and Gandstock (2,315 m or 7,595 ft). Notable reservoir lakes are Limmernsee (1,857 m or 6,093 ft) and Garichtisee (1,648 m or 5,407 ft).[4]

Demographics[edit]

Glarus Süd has a population (as of December 2014) of 9,761.[2] As of 2013, 18.3% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 3 years (2010-2013) the population has changed at a rate of 0.16%. The birth rate in the municipality, in 2013, was 7.9 while the death rate was 9.1 per thousand residents.[7]

As of 2013, children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 17.3% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) are 61.2% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 21.6%.[7]

Historic population[edit]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[8]

Heritage sites[edit]

There are thirteen Swiss heritage sites of national significance located in the new municipality. Braunwald is home to two, Bergeten which is the ruins of a medieval alpine camp and the Ortstockhaus. Elm has three, the Gross house, the Suworow house and the Zentner house all located in the village. Engi, Haslen, Linthal and Luchsingen each only have one, the Naturwissenschaftliche Sammlungen Des Kantons Glarus, Engi, the Spinnerei Daniel Jenny & Co, the Pantenbrücke (bridge) and the Sunnezyt House respectively. There are two in Matt, the Brummbach house and the Steggut house. Mitlödi has one, the Schiffmeister / Schönenberger house while Schwanden has the Industrial Archives of Glarus. There are three villages and two hamlets which appear on the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites, the villages of Elm, Diesbach and Rüti along with the hamlets of Steinibach and Adlenbach.[9]

In 1981, the Wakker Prize was awarded to Elm for the development and preservation of its architectural heritage.

Economy[edit]

The major occupation in the area was agriculture, including sheepherding since 1000. In the 18th century, the wool industry (home-based) became an important economic factor. In the 17th and early 18th centuries, beef cattle were pastured in the Alps in summer for export to Italy.

The baths at Wichlen in the former municipality of Elm were in use since the middle ages and are first mentioned in 1547. They were very popular until they were buried by an avalanche in 1762. Many characteristic wooden structures have survived. In 1898, a new Kurhaus was opened, which flourished until World War I. Today, it is used as a retirement center.

Starting in 1861, slate was quarried from the Tschingelberg for school tablets and styluses.

The mineral water firm Mineralquellen Elm AG opened in Elm in 1929 and remains in operation today.

As of 2012, there were a total of 5,046 people employed in the municipality. Of these, 455 people worked in 180 businesses in the primary economic sector. The secondary sector employed 2,197 workers in 156 separate businesses. Finally, the tertiary sector provided 2,394 jobs in 481 businesses. In 2013 a total of 3.9% of the population received social assistance.[7]

Politics[edit]

In the 2015 federal election the most popular party was the SP with 51.0% of the vote, followed by the BDP with 45.2%. The remaining 3.7% of the vote went to other candidates with no or minor party affiliation. In the federal election, a total of 3,285 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 46.7%. The 2015 election saw a large change in the voting when compared to 2011. The percentage of the vote received by the SP increased sharply from 22.8% in 2011 to 51.0% in 2015, while the percentage that the BDP dropped from 60.3% to 45.2%.[10]

Crime[edit]

In 2014 the crime rate, of the over 200 crimes listed in the Swiss Criminal Code (running from murder, robbery and assault to accepting bribes and election fraud), in Glarus Süd was 23.1 per thousand residents. This rate is only 35.8% of the average rate in the entire country. During the same period, the rate of drug crimes was 11.1 per thousand residents, which was slightly higher than the national rate of 9.9.[11]

Transport[edit]

The Glarner Sprinter train between Nidfurn and Leuggelbach villages

The Weesen to Linthal railway line traverses the municipality of Glarus Süd along the valley of the Linth river, serving the stations of Mitlödi, Schwanden, Nidfurn-Haslen, Leuggelbach, Luchsingen-Hätzingen, Diesbach-Betschwanden, Rüti GL, Linthal Braunwaldbahn and Linthal. The line is served by the Zürich S-Bahn service S25 to and from Zurich, which operates an hourly service the full length of the line calling at all the above stations, replacing the earlier Glarner Sprinter train. There is also an hourly St. Gallen S-Bahn service S6 to and from Rapperswil, which serves Mitlodi before terminating at Schwanden.[12][13][14]

Sernftalbus operates an hourly bus service linking Schwanden station with communities in the valley of the Sernf river, including Engi, Matt and Elm, following the route of the Sernftal tramway that ran between 1904 and 1969. The same company also operates an hourly service from Schwanden station to nearby Schwändi, and a less frequent service to Sool. PostAuto Schweiz operates a service from Linthal station to Fluelen station, on the Gothard railway and Lake Lucerne, which provides several daily return journeys across the Klausen Pass between June and September.[15][16]

The Braunwald funicular provides a link between Linthal Braunwaldbahn station and the car-free resort of Braunwald on the mountain side above.[17]

Climate[edit]

Between 1961 and 1990 the former municipality of Braunwald had an average of 161.3 days of rain per year and on average received 2,025 mm (79.7 in) of precipitation. The wettest month was August during which time Braunwald received an average of 206 mm (8.1 in) of precipitation. During this month there was precipitation for an average of 15.4 days. The month with the most days of precipitation was July, with an average of 16, but with only 199 mm (7.8 in) of precipitation. The driest month of the year was October with an average of 120 mm (4.7 in) of precipitation over 15.4 days.[18]

Over the same time period the former municipality of Elm had an average of 156.1 days of rain per year and on average received 1,524 mm (60.0 in) of precipitation. The wettest month was August during which time Elm received an average of 171 mm (6.7 in) of precipitation. During this month there was precipitation for an average of 15.3 days. The month with the most days of precipitation was June, with an average of 15.9, but with only 152 mm (6.0 in) of precipitation. The driest month of the year was October with an average of 96 mm (3.8 in) of precipitation over 15.3 days.[18]

Climate data for Elm village (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1.9
(35.4)
3.5
(38.3)
7.1
(44.8)
11.0
(51.8)
16.2
(61.2)
18.7
(65.7)
20.8
(69.4)
20.0
(68)
16.5
(61.7)
13.0
(55.4)
6.3
(43.3)
2.5
(36.5)
11.5
(52.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.0
(28.4)
−1.3
(29.7)
2.1
(35.8)
6.0
(42.8)
10.6
(51.1)
13.4
(56.1)
15.4
(59.7)
15.0
(59)
11.7
(53.1)
8.1
(46.6)
2.2
(36)
−1.0
(30.2)
6.7
(44.1)
Average low °C (°F) −4.5
(23.9)
−4.3
(24.3)
−1.2
(29.8)
2.3
(36.1)
6.5
(43.7)
9.5
(49.1)
11.6
(52.9)
11.4
(52.5)
8.3
(46.9)
4.9
(40.8)
−0.2
(31.6)
−3.5
(25.7)
3.4
(38.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 102
(4.02)
100
(3.94)
121
(4.76)
109
(4.29)
138
(5.43)
162
(6.38)
186
(7.32)
191
(7.52)
147
(5.79)
102
(4.02)
127
(5)
112
(4.41)
1,596
(62.83)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 87.3
(34.37)
82.7
(32.56)
71.4
(28.11)
36.1
(14.21)
6.8
(2.68)
0.1
(0.04)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.5
(0.2)
10.7
(4.21)
55.7
(21.93)
80.1
(31.54)
431.4
(169.84)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 11.2 10.0 13.5 12.7 15.0 15.7 15.1 15.3 12.2 10.4 11.9 11.8 154.8
Average snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm) 9.1 8.4 8.5 5 0.9 0 0 0 0.1 1.1 6.1 9.4 48.6
Average relative humidity (%) 79.1 76.0 76.2 75.1 74.5 78.0 80.1 83.0 82.2 78.6 79.5 79.5 78.5
Source: MeteoSwiss [19]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 31 August 2015
  3. ^ "Zahlen und Fakten" [Facts and Figures] (in German). Gemeinde Glarus Süd. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c map.geo.admin.ch (Map). Swiss Confederation. Retrieved 27 April 2015. 
  5. ^ "Gemeinde Glarus Süd" [Glarus Süd Municipality] (in German). Gemeinde Glarus Süd. Retrieved 27 April 2015. 
  6. ^ "Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz" (in German). Swiss Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 18 February 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c d Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Regional portraits accessed 2 May 2016
  8. ^ Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 (German) accessed 29 January 2011
  9. ^ "Kantonsliste A-Objekte". KGS Inventar (in German). Federal Office of Civil Protection. 2009. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  10. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Nationalratswahlen 2015: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung nach Gemeinden (German) accessed 18 July 2016
  11. ^ Statistical Atlas of Switzerland accessed 5 April 2016
  12. ^ "S-Bahn trains, buses and boats" (PDF). ZVV. Retrieved 2014-08-08. 
  13. ^ "S-Bahn St.Gallen Map" (PDF). S-Bahn. Retrieved 2014-08-08. 
  14. ^ "Ziegelbrücke–Linthal" (PDF). Bundesamt für Verkehr. Retrieved 2014-08-08. 
  15. ^ "Sernftalbus - Fahrplan 2015" [Sernftalbus - Timetable 2015] (PDF) (in German). Autobetrieb Sernftal AG. Retrieved 2015-04-20. 
  16. ^ "Flüelen–Klausen–Linthal" (PDF). Bundesamt für Verkehr. Retrieved 2015-04-21. 
  17. ^ Eisenbahnatlas Schweiz. Verlag Schweers+Wall GmbH. 2012. p. 24. ISBN 978-3-89494-130-7. 
  18. ^ a b "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961-1990" (in German, French, and Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology - MeteoSwiss. Retrieved 8 May 2009. , the weather station elevation is 1330 meters above sea level.
  19. ^ "Climate Norm Value Tables". Climate diagrams and normals from Swiss measuring stations. Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology (MeteoSwiss). Retrieved 23 January 2013.  The weather station elevation is 958 meters above sea level.
  20. ^ "Rico Elmer". skimountaineering.org. Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  21. ^ "Heftye - Store norske leksikon" [Heftye - Norwegian Encyclopedia]. Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). 2009-02-14. Retrieved 2015-05-05. 
  22. ^ "Kläsi [Klaesi], Jakob". Historical Dictionary of Switzerland (in French). 2007-02-19. Retrieved 2015-05-03. 
  23. ^ "Vreni Schneider". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2 June 2015. 

External links[edit]