Glasgow Bridgeton (UK Parliament constituency)

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Glasgow Bridgeton
Former Burgh constituency
for the House of Commons
Major settlements Glasgow
18851974 (1974)
Number of members One
Replaced by Glasgow Central,
Glasgow Shettleston[1]
Created from Glasgow

Glasgow Bridgeton was a parliamentary constituency in the city of Glasgow. From 1885 to 1974, it returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first-past-the-post voting system.

For many years it was represented by James Maxton, the leader of the Independent Labour Party whose policies were to the left of the Labour Party.

Boundaries[edit]

The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 provided that the constituency was to consist of the first and fourth Municipal Wards.[2]

The constituency was described in the Glasgow Parliamentary Divisions Act 1896 as being-

"The area within a line beginning at a point in the centre of Albert Bridge, where the same intersects the centre line of the River Clyde, and thence proceeding eastwards along the centre of that river till it meets the parliamentary boundary of the city at Harvie's Dyke; thence northwards along the said parliamentary boundary to the centre of London Road; thence westwards along the centres of London Road and Canning Street to a point opposite the centre of Clyde Street; thence northwards along the centres of Clyde Street and Abercromby Street to the centre of Gallowgate; thence westwards along the centre of Gallowgate to a point opposite the centre of Saltmarket; thence southwards along the centre of Saltmarket to the centre of the River Clyde at the point first described."

In the Representation of the People Act 1918 it was described as-

"That portion of the city which is bounded by a line commencing at a point on the centre line of London Road, where the road is crossed by the Caledonian Railway (Glasgow Lines), thence south-westward and southward along the centre line of the said railway to where it joins the Caledonian Railway Branch Line from Dalmarnock to Rutherglen, thence southward along the centre line of the said last-mentioned railway to a point on the municipal boundary at the centre line of the River Clyde, thence south-westward and north-westward along the municipal boundary of the city to a point on the centre line of the River Clyde about 77 yards south-eastward from the centre of Rutherglen Bridge, thence westward, northward and westward along the centre line of the River Clyde to the centre of Albert Bridge thence northward along the centre line of Saltmarket to the centre line of Gallowgate, thence eastward along the centre line of Gallowgate to the centre line of Abercromby Street, thence southwestward along the centre line of Abercromby Street to the centre line of Canning Street, thence eastward along the centre line of Canning Street and London Road to the point of commencement."

The Representation of the People Act 1948 provided that the constituency was to consist of the Calton and Dalmarnock wards of the City of Glasgow. The Parliamentary Constituencies (Scotland) (Glasgow Bridgeton, Glasgow Provan and Glasgow Shettleston) Order, 1955 [3] added to this the portion of the Mile-End ward that had previously been part of the Glasgow Camlachie constituency.

The Parliamentary Constituencies (Scotland) Order 1970[4] provided that the constituency was to consist of "The following wards of the county of the city of Glasgow, namely, Calton and Dalmarnock and that part of Mile-End ward which lies to the west of a line commencing at a point on the northern boundary of the ward immediately opposite the centre line of Millerston Street; thence southward to and along the centre line of Millerston Street to the centre line of Gallowgate; thence eastward along the centre line of Gallowgate to a point opposite the centre line of Fielden Street; thence southward along the centre line of Fielden Street to the termination of the line on the southern boundary of the Mile-End ward opposite the centre of Fielden Street."

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Sir Edward Richard Russell Liberal
1887 by-election Sir George Otto Trevelyan Liberal
1897 by-election Sir Charles Cameron Liberal
1900 Charles Scott Dickson Unionist
1906 James William Cleland Liberal
1910 (Dec) Alexander MacCallum Scott Liberal
1922 James Maxton Labour
1931 Independent Labour Party
1946 by-election James Carmichael Independent Labour Party
1947[5] Labour
1961 by-election James Bennett Labour
1974 (Feb) constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Russell
General Election 1885: Glasgow Bridgeton [6][7][8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edward Richard Russell 3,601 44.7 n/a
Conservative Elphinstone Vans Agnew Maitland 3,478 43.2 n/a
Scottish Land Restoration William Forsyth 978 12.1
Majority 123 1.5 n/a
Turnout 80.1 n/a
Liberal win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Glasgow Bridgeton [6][7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edward Richard Russell 4,364 55.0 +10.3
Conservative Colin Mackenzie 3,567 45.0 +1.8
Majority 797 10.0 +8.5
Turnout 78.9 -1.2
Liberal hold Swing +4.2
Trevelyan
Glasgow Bridgeton by-election, 1887[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Rt Hon. Sir George Otto Trevelyan 4,654 58.9 +3.9
Liberal Unionist Anthony Evelyn Melbourne Ashley 3,253 41.1 -3.9
Majority 1,401 17.8 +7.8
Turnout 78.3 -0.6
Liberal hold Swing +3.9

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Glasgow Bridgeton [10][7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Rt Hon. Sir George Otto Trevelyan 4,729 58.5 -0.4
Conservative William Charles Maughan 3,351 41.5 +0.4
Majority 1,378 17.0 -0.8
Turnout 76.9 -1.4
Liberal hold Swing -0.4

George Otto Trevelyan was returned unopposed at Glasgow Bridgeton by-election, 1892.[10]

General Election 1895: Glasgow Bridgeton [7][8][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Rt Hon. Sir George Otto Trevelyan 3,161 48.7 n/a
Conservative Charles Scott Dickson 2,719 41.9 n/a
Ind. Labour Party James Robertson Watson 609 9.4 n/a
Majority 442 6.8 n/a
Turnout 61.9 n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
Glasgow Bridgeton by-election, 1897 [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sir Charles Cameron 4,506 50.7 +2.0
Conservative Charles Scott Dickson 4,381 49.3 +7.4
Majority 125 1.4 -5.4
Turnout 81.3 +19.4
Liberal hold Swing -2.7

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Glasgow Bridgeton [7][8][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Scott Dickson 5,032 55.5 +6.2
Liberal Alexander Falconer Murison 4,041 44.5 -6.2
Majority 991 11.0 12.4
Turnout 77.5 -3.8
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +6.2
Cleland
General Election 1906: Glasgow Bridgeton [13][7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James William Cleland 5,585 58.2 +13.7
Conservative Rt Hon. Charles Scott Dickson 4,019 41.8 -13.7
Majority 1,566 16.4 27.4
Turnout 84.1 +6.6
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +13.7

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Glasgow Bridgeton [7][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James William Cleland 5,336 60.1 +1.9
Conservative Patrick Keith Lang 3,539 39.9 -1.9
Majority 1,797 20.2
Turnout 87.5 +3.4
Liberal hold Swing +1.9
General Election December 1910: Glasgow Bridgeton [7][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alexander MacCallum Scott 4,759 55.5 -4.6
Conservative William Hutchison 3,816 44.5 +4.6
Majority 943 11.0 -9.2
Turnout 85.6 -1.9
Liberal hold Swing -4.6

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

James Maxton
General Election 1918: Glasgow Bridgeton [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal 10,887
Labour James Maxton 7,860 n/a
Independent Eunice Guthrie Murray 991 n/a
Majority
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
  • Unionist candidate William Hutchison withdrew when Coalition Government endorsed the Liberal candidate

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922: Glasgow Bridgeton [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Maxton 17,890 63.7
National Liberal Alexander MacCallum Scott 10,198 36.3
Majority 7,692 27.4
Turnout 28,088
Labour gain from National Liberal Swing
General Election 1923: Glasgow Bridgeton [18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Maxton 15,735
Unionist John Bennett Black 6,101
Liberal Thomas Randall Anderson 2,445
Majority
Turnout
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1924: Glasgow Bridgeton [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Maxton 16,850
Unionist Maurice James McCracken 10,633
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1929: Glasgow Bridgeton [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Maxton 21,033 67.7
Unionist Maurice James McCracken 10,049 32.3
Majority 10,984 35.4
Turnout 31,082
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Glasgow Bridgeton[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Ind. Labour Party James Maxton 16,630 58.21
Unionist Catherine Gavin 11,941 41.79
Majority 4,689 32.09
Ind. Labour Party hold Swing
General Election 1935: Glasgow Bridgeton [20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Ind. Labour Party James Maxton 17,691 64.95
Unionist Archibald Douglas MacInnes Shaw 8,951 32.86
Labour Samuel MacLaren 594 2.18
Majority 8,740 16.41
Ind. Labour Party hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Glasgow Bridgeton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Ind. Labour Party James Maxton 13,220 66.4
Unionist Richard Charles Brooman-White 6,695 33.6
Majority 6,525 32.8
Turnout 58.4
Ind. Labour Party hold Swing
Glasgow Bridgeton by-election, 1946
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Ind. Labour Party James Carmichael 6,351 34.3 - 32.1
Labour John Thomas Wheatley 5,180 28.0 N/A
Unionist Victor Dunn Warren 3,987 21.6 -15.0
Independent Wendy Wood 2,575 13.9 N/A
United Socialist Movement Guy Alfred Aldred 405 2.2 N/A
Majority 1,171 6.3
Turnout 18,498
Ind. Labour Party hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Glasgow Bridgeton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Carmichael 20,268 59.4
Unionist Francis Charles Irwin 11,025 32.3
Ind. Labour Party Robert Duncan 1,974 5.8
Communist D. Kelly 858 2.5
Majority 9,243 27.1
Turnout 76.9
Labour gain from Ind. Labour Party Swing N/A
General Election 1951: Glasgow Bridgeton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Carmichael 21,307 63.6
Unionist Richard A. Thomson 10,382 31.0
Ind. Labour Party Robert Duncan 1,796 5.4
Majority 10,925 32.6
Turnout 76.9
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Glasgow Bridgeton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Carmichael 20,476 57.7
Unionist Paul Thomas Cowcher 12,375 34.9
Ind. Labour Party George William Stone 2,619 7.4
Majority 8,101 22.8
Turnout 66.0
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1959: Glasgow Bridgeton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Carmichael 21,048 63.4
Unionist Iain Docherty 12,139 36.6
Majority 8,909 26.8
Turnout 68.5
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

Glasgow Bridgeton by-election, 1961 [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Bennett 10,930 57.5 -5.9
Unionist M. McNeill 3,935 20.7 -15.9
SNP Ian C. H. Macdonald 3,549 18.7 N/A
Ind. Labour Party George William Stone 586 3.1 N/A
Majority 6,995 36.8 +10.0
Turnout 19,000 41.9
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Glasgow Bridgeton[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Bennett 18,879 71.59 +8.19
Unionist John Hogg 12,139 28.41 -8.19
Majority 11,387 43.18 +16.38
Turnout 26,371 63.57 -4.93
Registered electors 41,482
Labour hold Swing +8.19
General Election 1966: Glasgow Bridgeton[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Bennett 16,219 74.27 +2.68
Conservative John Hogg 5,619 25.73 -2.68
Majority 10,600 48.54 +5.36
Turnout 21,838 58.77 -4.80
Registered electors 37,159
Labour hold Swing +2.68

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Glasgow Bridgeton[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Bennett 11,056 62.86 -11.41
Conservative Robert Gavin 3,801 21.61 -4.12
SNP Gordon E J Wallace 1,550 8.81 N/A
Independent Protestant Rev. Jack T A Glass 1,180 6.71 N/A
Majority 7,255 41.25 -7.29
Turnout 15,787 56.26 -1.49
Registered electors 31,262
Labour hold Swing -3.65

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Statutory Instrument 1970 No. 1680 (section Two) The Parliamentary Constituencies (Scotland) Order 1970 (Coming into force 25 November 1970)
  2. ^ Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, Sixth Schedule
  3. ^ Statutory Instrument 1995/23
  4. ^ S.I. 1970/1680.
  5. ^ James Carmichael was elected in 1946 as an Independent Labour Party candidate. However, he and the two other ILP MPs defected to the Labour Party in 1947.
  6. ^ a b c Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench, 1889
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  8. ^ a b c d e f g The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  9. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  10. ^ a b Whitaker's Almanack, 1893
  11. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  12. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  13. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1907
  14. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  15. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  16. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1920
  17. ^ a b c The Constitutional Year Book, 1930
  18. ^ The Constitutional Year Book, 1932
  19. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1934
  20. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1939
  21. ^ The Times, 17 Nov 1961
  22. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1964". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 11 April 2016. 
  23. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1966". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 11 April 2016. 
  24. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1970". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 11 April 2016. 

References[edit]