Glasgow Camlachie (UK Parliament constituency)

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Glasgow Camlachie
Former Burgh constituency
for the House of Commons
1918-1949 Glasgow Camlachie.png
Glasgow Camlachie in Glasgow 1918-49
Subdivisions of Scotland City of Glasgow
18851955
Number of members One
Replaced by Glasgow Provan and Glasgow Bridgeton
Created from Glasgow

Glasgow Camlachie was a burgh constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885 until 1955.

It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) using the first-past-the-post voting system.

Boundaries[edit]

Glasgow Camlachie in Lanarkshire, 1950-55

The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 provided that the constituency was to consist of the second Municipal Ward, and so much of the third Municipal Ward as lies south of a line drawn along the centre of Duke Street.[1]

In 1918 the constituency consisted of "That portion of the city which is bounded by a line commencing at a point on the municipal boundary on the south-east side of Cumbernauld Road where that road is intersected by the east side of the Caledonian Railway (Glasgow Lines), thence southward along the municipal boundary to a point about 299 yards north-westward from the centre of Carntyne Road, where the municipal boundary intersects that road, thence north-westward to a point on the centre line of the said railway 380 yards south of the centre line of Cumbernauld Road, thence southwestward and southward along the centre line of the said railway to the centre line of London Road, thence westward along the centre line of London Road and Canning Street to the centre line of Abercromby Street, thence north-eastward along the centre line of Abercromby Street to the centre line of Gallowgate, thence westward along the centre line of Gallowgate to the centre line of Sydney Street, thence northward along the centre line of Sydney Street to the centre line of Duke Street, thence eastward along the centre line of Duke Street to the centre line of Ark Lane, thence northward along the centre line of Ark Lane and Firpark Street to the centre line of Alexandra Parade, thence eastward and north-eastward along the centre line of Alexandra Parade, and Cumbernauld Road to the east side of the Caledonian Railway (Glasgow Lines), thence southward to the point of commencement."

The Representation of the People Act 1948 provided that the constituency was to consist of "The following wards (as constituted by the Local Government (Scotland) (Glasgow Wards and Councillors) Order, 1948, S.I., 1948, No. 876) of the county of the city of Glasgow, namely, Dennistoun, Provan and that part of Mile-End ward which lies to the west of a line commencing at a point on the northern boundary of the ward immediately opposite the centre line of Millerston Street thence southward to and along the centre line of Millerston Street to the centre line of Gallowgate; thence eastward along the centre line of Gallowgate to a point opposite the centre line of Fielden Street; thence southward along the centre line of Fielden Street to the termination of the line on the southern boundary of the Mile-End ward immediately opposite the centre of Fielden Street."

The Parliamentary Constituencies (Scotland) (Glasgow Bridgeton, Glasgow Provan and Glasgow Shettleston) Order, 1955 [2] provided for most of the area of the Camlachie constituency to be transferred to the new Glasgow Provan constituency, except for part of the Mile-End ward which was transferred to Glasgow Bridgeton.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Year Member [3] Party
1885 Hugh Watt Liberal
1892 Alexander Cross Liberal Unionist
1908 Liberal
1910 Halford Mackinder Unionist
1922 Campbell Stephen ILP
1931 James Stevenson Unionist
1935 Campbell Stephen ILP
1947 Labour
1948 Charles Stuart McFarlane Unionist
1950 William Reid Labour
1955 constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: Glasgow Camlachie [4][5][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Hugh Watt 4,047 56.9 n/a
Conservative Thomas Arnold Reid 2,883 40.6 n/a
Independent Liberal James Martin 177 2.5 n/a
Majority 1,164 16.3 n/a
Turnout 77.1 n/a
Liberal win
Burleigh
General Election 1886: Glasgow Camlachie [4][5][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Hugh Watt 3,467 51.2 -5.7
Liberal Unionist Bennet Burleigh 3,308 48.8 +8.2
Majority 159 2.4 -13.9
Turnout 73.5 -3.6
Liberal hold Swing -7.0

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Graham
General Election 1892: Glasgow Camlachie [4][5][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Alexander Cross 3,455 45.3 -3.5
Liberal John McCulloch 3,084 40.5 -10.7
Scottish Parliamentary Labour Robert Cunninghame-Graham 906 11.9 n/a
Independent Liberal Hugh Watt 179 2.3 n/a
Majority 371 4.8 7.2
Turnout 78.5 +5.0
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +3.6
  • The local Liberal association replaced Watt with Graham, due to the former's opposition to Irish Home Rule, Scottish church disestablishment and the temperence movement. They then replaced Graham with McCulloch, due to the former's attacks on Liberal policy and leadership.
Chisholm
General Election 1895: Glasgow Camlachie [4][5][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Alexander Cross 3,198 50.0 +4.7
Liberal Samuel Chisholm 2,497 39.1 -1.4
Ind. Labour Party Robert Smillie 696 10.9 n/a
Majority 701 10.9 +6.1
Turnout 63.6 -14.9
Liberal Unionist hold Swing +3.0

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Fletcher
General Election 1900: Glasgow Camlachie [4][5][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Alexander Cross 4,345 58.3 +8.3
Scottish Workers Alfred Fletcher 3,107 41.7 n/a
Majority 1,238 16.6 +5.7
Turnout 71.1 +7.5
Liberal Unionist hold Swing
Burgess
General Election 1906: Glasgow Camlachie [4][5][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Alexander Cross 3,119 36.5 -21.8
Liberal William Pringle 2,871 33.5 n/a
Ind. Labour Party Joseph Burgess 2,568 30.0 n/a
Majority 248 3.0 -13.6
Turnout 84.1 +13.0
Liberal Unionist hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Mackinder
General Election January 1910: Glasgow Camlachie [4][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Halford Mackinder 3,227 38.1 +1.6
Liberal Alexander Cross 2,793 33.0 n/a
Labour James Kessack 2,443 28.9 -1.1
Majority 434 5.1 +2.1
Turnout 87.6 +3.5
Liberal Unionist hold Swing +1.0
Hogge
General Election December 1910: Glasgow Camlachie [4][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Halford Mackinder 3,479 40.9 +2.8
Liberal James Myles Hogge 3,453 40.6 +7.6
Labour James Kessack 1,539 18.1 -10.8
Women's Suffrage William Julius Mirrlees 35 0.4 n/a
Majority 26 0.3 -4.8
Turnout 86.6 -1.0
Liberal Unionist hold Swing -2.4

Mirrlees was the candidate of the Scottish Federation of Women's Suffrage Societies. His candidacy had the effect of ensuring the election of Mackinder, who opposed women's suffrage at the expense of Hogge, who supported it.

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1918: Glasgow Camlachie [15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Halford Mackinder 13,645
Labour Hugh Boyd Guthrie 7,192
Liberal Daniel Browning 860
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922: Glasgow Camlachie [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Campbell Stephen 15,181 53.2
Unionist Halford Mackinder 11,439 40.1
Liberal Walter Crawford Smith 1,896 6.6
Majority 3,742 13.1
Turnout 28,516
Labour gain from Unionist Swing
General Election 1923: Glasgow Camlachie [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Campbell Stephen 14,143
Unionist Henry Keith 11,027
Majority
Turnout
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1924: Glasgow Camlachie [18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Campbell Stephen 14,588
Unionist Peter Denniston Ridge-Beedle 14,373
General Election 1929: Glasgow Camlachie [19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Campbell Stephen 17,946 53.2
Unionist James Stevenson 14,160 42.0
National (Scotland) John MacCormick 1,646 4.9
Majority 3,786 11.2
Turnout 33,752
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Glasgow Camlachie[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist James Stevenson 18,461
Ind. Labour Party Campbell Stephen 15,282
Unionist gain from Ind. Labour Party Swing
General Election 1935: Glasgow Camlachie [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Ind. Labour Party Campbell Stephen 15,070
Unionist James Stevenson 14,186
Labour William Reid 2,732
Ind. Labour Party gain from Unionist Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Glasgow Camlachie
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Ind. Labour Party Campbell Stephen 15,558 57.7
Unionist Charles McFarlane 11,399 42.3
Majority 4,159 15.4
Turnout 65.1
Ind. Labour Party hold Swing
Glasgow Camlachie by-election, 1948
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Charles McFarlane 11,085 43.7 + 1.4
Labour John M. Inglis 10,690 42.1 N/A
Ind. Labour Party Annie Maxton 1,622 6.4 - 51.3
SNP Robert Blair Wilkie 1,320 5.2 N/A
United Socialist Movement Guy Aldred 345 1.4 N/A
Liberal Edward Rogers Goodfellow 312 1.2 N/A
Majority 395 1.6
Turnout 25,374 56.8
Unionist gain from Ind. Labour Party Swing N/A

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Glasgow Camlachie
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Reid 21,013 51.5 N/A
Unionist Charles McFarlane 19,766 48.5
Majority 1,247 3.1
Turnout 80.7
Labour gain from Ind. Labour Party Swing N/A
General Election 1951: Glasgow Camlachie
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Reid 20,994 51.3
Unionist Charles McFarlane 19,969 48.8
Majority 1,025 2.5
Turnout 82.4
Labour hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, Sixth Schedule
  2. ^ Statutory Instrument 1955/23
  3. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  5. ^ a b c d e f The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  6. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  7. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench, 1889
  8. ^ The House of Commons, February 1901, Macmillan & Co.
  9. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  10. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  11. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1907
  12. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  13. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  14. ^ Perthshire Advertiser 29 Apr 1914
  15. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1920
  16. ^ Liberal Yearbook, 1939
  17. ^ The Times, 8 December 1923
  18. ^ Oliver & Boyd's Edinburgh Almanac, 1927
  19. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  20. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1934
  21. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1939