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|Date||Last fortnight in July|
The Glasgow Fair is a holiday usually held during the second half of July in Glasgow, Scotland. 'The Fair' is the oldest of a number of similar holidays, and dates back to the 12th century. The fair's earliest incarnation occurred in 1190, when Joceline of Wells obtained permission from King John to hold the festivities.
Until as recently as the 1960s, most local businesses and factories would close on 'Fair Friday' to allow workers and their families to attend, typically spending their time in the Firth of Clyde or Ayrshire coast. This practice was known as going "doon the watter" (literally "down the water" in the Glasgow dialect).
The Glasgow Fair was originally held within the boundaries of Glasgow Cathedral; from the 1800s onward, the fair has taken place on Glasgow Green. In its earliest incarnations, the fair focused on economic practicalities such as the sale of horses and cattle. In the modern era, the fair has become known for its amusements, with circus and theatre shows often being centerpieces.
The Glasgow Fair has often been a nexus for traveling showmen, who congregate in order to take advantage of the large audiences. This provided the fair with a diverse roster of entertainers and performances - the 1912 fair, for example, featured a traditional penny gaff as well as short melodramas. The Glasgow Fair has also served as a means of introducing attendees to changes in industry and commerce, with the 1912 fair also presenting a scenic railway which took visitors on a simulated ride through Japan and back to Scotland.
Starting in the 1900s, the Glasgow Fair developed a focus on introducing attendees to global events. In 1917, the following advertisement was printed in a local publication:
"No longer need we envy the privileged few who visit the battlefields of France and Belgium. A visit to Green’s Carnival at Whitevale, Gallowgate permits us for the small sum of twopence to go over one of the world’s most historic salients. Wounded soldiers who have taken part in the fighting in and around Ypres have conceived the idea of constructing a full sized reproduction of the Trenches, with Dug-outs, Trench Hospitals, and Dressing Stations. Officers and men’s sleeping quarters, telegraph stations, ruined farmhouses and their devastated interiors. We are further permitted to examine the trench mortars, periscopes and the ‘plum puddings’ the Huns so dislike; also the toffee-apples, the latest pattern of bomb; specimens of German helmets and guns; unexploded shells and anti-aircraft guns are all in evidence. Barbed wire entanglements and gun -carriage wheels give realistic touches to the ridges, sand-bags by the million form embankments and defences on the most modern plans. This visit is as instructive as it is entertaining. Private George Wilson, Edinburgh’s Newsboy V.C and others who have helped make history by their bravery will act as guides and explain the ins and outs of Trench life to visitors. The Carnival at Whitevale has long been one of Glasgow’s holiday attractions and this year it will prove a veritable mecca for those in need of recreation and amusement." 
The fair continues to be held annually, though attendance has gradually decreased and a large portion of the fair has been relocated to Vinegarhill.
- "Glasgow Fair". The World's Fair (The World's Fair). July 20, 1912.
- "Reliving Glasgow Fair Fortnight". BBC. 2010-07-15.
- "Glasgow Fair". The World's Fair. July 20, 1912.
- McBain, Janet. "‘No longer need we envy the privileged few who visit the battlefields': A Glasgow exhibitor’s initiative, 1917". earlycinema.gla.ac.uk. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "The Carnival (Green's)". The Entertainer (Glasgow). July 1917.
- "IV: Charter of the king's peace to all frequenting Glasgow fair (1211)". British History online. Retrieved 8 May 2015.