Glasgow North East (UK Parliament constituency)

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Glasgow North East
Burgh constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Glasgow North East in Scotland.
Subdivisions of Scotland City of Glasgow
Current constituency
Created 2005
Member of Parliament Willie Bain (Labour)
Created from Glasgow Springburn
Glasgow Maryhill
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency Scotland

Glasgow North East is a burgh constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (at Westminster). It was first contested at the 2005 general election. Its current Member of Parliament (MP) is Willie Bain of the Labour Party, who has held the position since a by-election in 2009.

From its creation until 2009, the constituency was represented by Michael Martin, previously MP for Glasgow Springburn from 1979. Martin was elected Speaker of the House of Commons in October 2000, but in May 2009 he announced that he would be resigning as Speaker on 21 June 2009 because of his perceived role in the MPs' expenses controversy. He was the first Speaker in 300 years to be forced out of office by a motion of no confidence.[1] He also resigned as an MP the following day, resulting in a by-election on 12 November 2009, which was won by Bain with 59% of the vote. This position was consolidated after Bain was elected as the MP for Glasgow North East in the May 2010 UK general election.

Boundaries[edit]

Glasgow North East is one of seven constituencies covering the Glasgow City council area. All are entirely within the council area.

Prior to the 2005 general election, the city area was covered by ten constituencies, two of which straddled the boundaries of other council areas. The North East constituency includes most of the former Glasgow Springburn constituency and a small part of the former Glasgow Maryhill constituency.[2]

Constituency profile[edit]

The population of the constituency was 88,156 at the time of the 2011 Census. On commonly used measures like unemployment rate, numbers eligible for free school meals and educational attainment, Glasgow NE is one of the most deprived constituencies in the United Kingdom. In addition, some parts of the constituency have significant gang-related violence and drug-related crime. These issues are significant across the seat, but some areas have particular problems: heroin addiction in Possilpark, difficult to let and maintain, system-built tower blocks at Sighthill and Red Road, the latter once known as the tallest public housing in Europe, the older housing schemes in Springburn and the post-war (1949) scheme in Milton, with housing but few amenities and itself the product of earlier attempts at slum clearance. However, the innermost area of Dennistoun retains the original Victorian tenements which are no longer routinely refused mortgages because of subsidence risk due to mine workings in the area. Dennistoun has seen some gentrification, and is becoming popular with students and young professionals, while to the north there have been some new housing developments on the outskirts of Glasgow at Robroyston.

Voting pattern[edit]

This seat has returned Labour Party candidates when contested. The history of elections in its predecessor seats has been that Labour Party candidates were returned on most occasions when the seats were contested. Historic information about the constituencies that previously represented parts of the area now defined by Glasgow NE is detailed in Glasgow Parliamentary Constituencies.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[3] Party
2005 Michael Martin Speaker
2009 by-election Willie Bain Labour

Election results[edit]

2010 general election[edit]

General Election 2010: Glasgow North East[4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Willie Bain 20,100 68.3 +9.9
SNP Billy McAllister 4,158 14.1 -3.6
Liberal Democrat Eileen Baxendale 2,262 7.7 +5.4
Conservative Ruth Davidson 1,569 5.3 +0.1
BNP Walter Hamilton 798 2.7 -2.2
TUSC Graham Campbell 187 0.6 N/A
Scottish Socialist Kevin McVey 179 0.6 -0.1
Socialist Labour Jim Berrington 156 0.5 +0.3
Majority 15,942 54.2
Turnout 29,409 49.1 +3.4
Labour hold Swing

2009 By-election[edit]

Thirteen candidates ran in the 2009 by-election, caused by the resignation of former Speaker of the House of Commons Michael Martin. Labour won fairly comfortably, compared to the surprising SNP win in the neighbouring constituency of Glasgow East in the previous year. The turnout was the lowest in Scottish history.[6]

Glasgow North East by-election, 2009
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Willie Bain 12,231 59.4 N/A
SNP David Kerr 4,120 20.0 +2.3
Conservative Ruth Davidson 1,075 5.2 N/A
BNP Charlie Baillie 1,013 4.9 +1.7
Solidarity Tommy Sheridan 794 3.9 N/A
Liberal Democrat Eileen Baxendale 474 2.3 N/A
Scottish Green David Doherty 332 1.6 N/A
Jury Team John Smeaton 258 1.2 N/A
Scottish Socialist Kevin McVey 152 0.7 -4.2
No Label Mikey Hughes 54 0.3 N/A
Socialist Labour Louise McDaid 47 0.2 -14.0
Independent Mev Brown 32 0.2 N/A
The Individuals Labour and Tory (TILT) Colin Campbell 13 0.1 N/A
Majority 8,111 39.4 +3.7
Turnout 20,595 33.2 -12.6
Labour gain from Speaker Swing

2005[edit]

As is conventional, Michael Martin (a member of the Labour Party when first elected Speaker) stood as Speaker of the House of Commons in the general election of 2005. The Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats did not stand against him. Other parties did, including the Scottish National Party (the Constitution of which requires that the party fights every seat in Scotland).

The most notable feature of the result was the relatively large vote for Arthur Scargill's Socialist Labour Party, in an area where it had very little base. This was considered to be a result of voter confusion (and not the first recorded example of its kind). A large number of traditional Labour Party voters may have voted for the Socialist Labour Party in the absence of a named Labour Party candidate on the ballot paper.

General Election 2005: Glasgow North East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Speaker Michael Martin 15,153 53.3 -13.8
SNP John McLaughlin 5,019 17.7 -0.5
Socialist Labour Doris Kelly 4,036 14.2 N/A
Scottish Socialist Graham Campbell 1,402 4.9 -3.2
Scottish Unionist Daniel Houston 1,266 4.5 +0.3
BNP Scott McLean 920 3.2 N/A
Independent Joe Chambers 622 2.2 N/A
Majority 10,134 35.7
Turnout 28,418 45.8 +1.9
Speaker hold Swing -6.6

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "A note on the Speakership". Lords of the Blog. Hansard Society. 21 October 2009. 
  2. ^ Fifth Periodical Report Boundary Commission for Scotland
  3. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "G" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ Glasgiw North East UK Polling Report
  5. ^ "Election 2010 – Glasgow North East". BBC News. 
  6. ^ Johnson, Simon (13 November 2009). "Labour 'can win fourth general election after Glasgow North East'". The Telegraph. Retrieved 3 May 2010. 
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Glasgow Springburn
Constituency represented by the Speaker
2005–2009
Succeeded by
Buckingham

Coordinates: 55°53′18″N 4°12′57″W / 55.88833°N 4.21583°W / 55.88833; -4.21583