Glasgow North East (UK Parliament constituency)

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Glasgow North East
Burgh constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Glasgow North East in Scotland.
Subdivisions of Scotland City of Glasgow
Current constituency
Created 2005
Member of parliament Paul Sweeney (Scottish Labour and Co-operative Party)
Created from Glasgow Springburn
Glasgow Maryhill
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency Scotland

Glasgow North East is a burgh constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (at Westminster). It was first contested at the 2005 general election. The current Member of Parliament (MP) is Paul Sweeney of the Scottish Labour and Co-operative Party, who won his seat from the SNP's Anne McLaughlin at the 2017 snap general election with a narrow majority of 242 votes.

From the seat's creation until 2009, the constituency was represented by Michael Martin, previously MP for Glasgow Springburn from 1979. Martin was elected Speaker of the House of Commons in October 2000, but in May 2009 he announced that he would be resigning as Speaker on 21 June 2009 because of his perceived role in the MPs' expenses controversy. He was the first Speaker in 300 years to be forced out of office by a motion of no confidence.[1] He also resigned as an MP the following day, resulting in a by-election on 12 November 2009, which was won by Willie Bain of the Labour Party with 59% of the vote; Bain retained the seat the following year at the 2010 UK general election, but was defeated by Anne McLaughlin of the SNP in 2015.

Boundaries[edit]

The Glasgow City wards of Ashfield, Carntyne, Cowlairs, Dennistoun, Gartcraig, Keppochhill, Milnbank, Milton, Robroyston, Royston, Springburn, and Wallacewell.

Glasgow North East is one of seven constituencies covering the Glasgow City council area. All are entirely within the council area.

Prior to the 2005 general election, the city area was covered by ten constituencies, two of which straddled the boundaries of other council areas. The North East constituency includes most of the former Glasgow Springburn constituency and a small part of the former Glasgow Maryhill constituency.[2]

Constituency profile[edit]

The population of the constituency was 88,156 at the time of the 2011 UK Census. On commonly used measures like unemployment rate, people eligible for free school meals and educational attainment, Glasgow North East is one of the most deprived constituencies in the United Kingdom. In addition, some parts of the constituency have significant gang-related violence and drug-related crime. These issues are significant across the constituency, but some areas have particular problems: heroin addiction in Possilpark, difficult to let and maintain, system-built tower blocks at Sighthill and Red Road, the latter once known as the tallest public housing in Europe, the older housing schemes in Springburn and the post-war (1949) scheme in Milton, with housing but few amenities and itself the product of earlier attempts at slum clearance. However, the innermost area of Dennistoun retains the original Victorian tenements which are no longer routinely refused mortgages because of subsidence risk due to mine workings in the area. Dennistoun has seen some gentrification, and is becoming popular with students and young professionals, while to the north there have been some new housing developments on the outskirts of Glasgow at Robroyston.

Voting pattern[edit]

Glasgow North East and its predecessor seats had been represented by the Labour Party with large majorities from the 1935 general election until 2015, when the seat was won by the SNP at their landslide election in Scotland on the largest swing recorded at the general election that year of 39.3% from Labour to SNP. In the following election of 2017, the seat was regained by Labour's Paul Sweeney with a majority of 242 votes (0.7%).

According to the British Election Study, it is the most left-wing seat in the country.[3]

It had the lowest turnout of any seat at the 2017 snap general election.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[4] Party Notes
2005 Michael Martin Speaker Previously MP for Glasgow Springburn from 1979. Resigned the Speakership and from Parliament in 2009
2009 by-election Willie Bain Labour
2010
2015 Anne McLaughlin SNP
2017 Paul Sweeney Labour Co-op

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2017: Glasgow North East[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Paul Sweeney 13,637 42.9 9.2 Increase
SNP Anne McLaughlin 13,395 42.2 15.9 Decrease
Conservative Jack Wylie 4,106 12.9 8.2 Increase
Liberal Democrat Daniel Donaldson 637 2.0 1.2 Increase
Majority 242 0.7 25.1 Increase
Turnout 31,775 53.0 3.8 Decrease
Labour Co-op gain from SNP Swing 12.6 Increase
General Election 2015: Glasgow North East[6][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
SNP Anne McLaughlin 21,976 58.1 +43.9
Labour Willie Bain 12,754 33.7 -34.7
Conservative Annie Wells 1,769 4.7 -0.7
Scottish Green Zara Kitson[8] 615 1.6 n/a
Liberal Democrat Eileen Baxendale[9] 300 0.8 -6.9
CISTA Geoff Johnson 225 0.6 n/a
TUSC Jamie Cocozza[10] 218 0.6 -0.1
Majority 9,222 24.4
Turnout 37,857 56.8 +7.7
SNP gain from Labour Swing 39.31

1 As noted at the top of the article, this was the largest swing in the 2015 SNP Landslide.

General Election 2010: Glasgow North East[11][12][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Willie Bain 20,100 68.3 +8.9
SNP Billy McAllister 4,158 14.1 -5.9
Liberal Democrat Eileen Baxendale 2,262 7.7 +5.4
Conservative Ruth Davidson 1,569 5.3 +0.1
BNP Walter Hamilton 798 2.7 -2.2
TUSC Graham Campbell 187 0.6 N/A
Scottish Socialist Kevin McVey 179 0.6 -0.1
Socialist Labour Jim Berrington 156 0.5 +0.3
Majority 15,942 54.2 +14.8
Turnout 29,409 49.1 +3.42
Labour hold Swing +7.4

2 Change given relative to General Election in 2005 whereas other changes are relative to by-election in 2009.

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

A by-election was held in November 2009, caused by the resignation of former Speaker of the House of Commons Michael Martin. Labour won fairly comfortably, compared to the surprising SNP win in the neighbouring constituency of Glasgow East in the previous year. The turnout was the lowest in Scottish history.[14]

Glasgow North East by-election, 2009
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Willie Bain 12,231 59.4 N/A
SNP David Kerr 4,120 20.0 +2.3
Conservative Ruth Davidson 1,075 5.2 N/A
BNP Charlie Baillie 1,013 4.9 +1.7
Solidarity Tommy Sheridan 794 3.9 N/A
Liberal Democrat Eileen Baxendale 474 2.3 N/A
Scottish Green David Doherty 332 1.6 N/A
Jury Team John Smeaton 258 1.2 N/A
Scottish Socialist Kevin McVey 152 0.7 -4.2
No Label Mikey Hughes 54 0.3 N/A
Socialist Labour Louise McDaid 47 0.2 -14.0
Independent Mev Brown 32 0.2 N/A
The Individuals Labour and Tory (TILT) Colin Campbell 13 0.1 N/A
Majority 8,111 39.4 +3.7
Turnout 20,595 33.2 -12.6
Labour gain from Speaker Swing
General Election 2005: Glasgow North East[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Speaker Michael Martin 1 15,153 53.3 -13.8
SNP John McLaughlin 5,019 17.7 -0.5
Socialist Labour Doris Kelly 4,036 14.2 N/A
Scottish Socialist Graham Campbell 1,402 4.9 -3.2
Scottish Unionist Daniel Houston 1,266 4.5 +0.3
BNP Scott McLean 920 3.2 N/A
Independent Joe Chambers 622 2.2 N/A
Majority 10,134 35.7
Turnout 28,418 45.8 +1.9
Speaker hold Swing -6.6

1 Michael Martin stood as 'the Speaker seeking re-election'. The Speaker is elected by the House of Commons after each General Election.

As is conventional, Michael Martin (a member of the Labour Party when first elected Speaker) stood as Speaker of the House of Commons in the general election of 2005. The Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats did not stand against him. Other parties did, including the Scottish National Party (the Constitution of which requires that the party fight every seat in Scotland).

The most notable feature of the result was the relatively large vote for Arthur Scargill's Socialist Labour Party, in an area where it had very little base. This was considered to be a result of voter confusion (and not the first recorded example of its kind). A large number of traditional Labour Party voters may have voted for the Socialist Labour Party in the absence of a named Labour Party candidate on the ballot paper.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "A note on the Speakership". Lords of the Blog. Hansard Society. 21 October 2009. 
  2. ^ Fifth Periodical Report Archived 21 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine. Boundary Commission for Scotland
  3. ^ Wheeler, Brian (1 December 2014). "The strange truth about how and why we vote" – via www.bbc.co.uk. 
  4. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "G" (part 1)
  5. ^ Glasgow Young Scot, 20 Trongate (11 May 2017). "General Election 2017 - Glasgow candidates announced". 
  6. ^ election result http://www.glasgow.gov.uk/index.aspx?articleid=10527 25Aug15
  7. ^ "SNP and Tory candidates revealed". Evening Times. 
  8. ^ "Seven Greens bid for city seats". Evening Times. 
  9. ^ "List of selected candidates". Liberal Democrats. 4 March 2015. Retrieved 14 March 2015. 
  10. ^ http://www.tusc.org.uk/txt/320.pdf
  11. ^ "2010 election result, Glasgow North East". glasgow.gov.uk. 
  12. ^ "UKPollingReport Election Guide 2010 » Glasgow North East". ukpollingreport.co.uk. 
  13. ^ "Election 2010 – Glasgow North East". BBC News. 
  14. ^ Johnson, Simon (13 November 2009). "Labour 'can win fourth general election after Glasgow North East'". The Telegraph. Retrieved 3 May 2010. 
  15. ^ election result http://www.glasgow.gov.uk/index.aspx?articleid=10527&fPst=1 31Aug15

This reference gives all recent Glasgow City Westminster election results. You select the year and then the constituency to view the result.

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Glasgow Springburn
Constituency represented by the Speaker
2005–2009
Succeeded by
Buckingham

Coordinates: 55°53′18″N 4°12′57″W / 55.88833°N 4.21583°W / 55.88833; -4.21583