Glasgow North East (UK Parliament constituency)
|Glasgow North East|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Glasgow North East in Scotland.
|Subdivisions of Scotland||City of Glasgow|
|Member of parliament||Anne McLaughlin (SNP)|
|Created from||Glasgow Springburn
|European Parliament constituency||Scotland|
Glasgow North East is a burgh constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (at Westminster). It was first contested at the 2005 general election. Its current Member of Parliament (MP) is Anne McLaughlin of the Scottish National Party, who won her seat from Labour's Willie Bain in the 2015 general election with a record-breaking swing of 39.3%.
From its creation until 2009, the constituency was represented by Michael Martin, previously MP for Glasgow Springburn from 1979. Martin was elected Speaker of the House of Commons in October 2000, but in May 2009 he announced that he would be resigning as Speaker on 21 June 2009 because of his perceived role in the MPs' expenses controversy. He was the first Speaker in 300 years to be forced out of office by a motion of no confidence. He also resigned as an MP the following day, resulting in a by-election on 12 November 2009, which was won by Bain with 59% of the vote. This position was consolidated after Bain was elected as the MP for Glasgow North East in the May 2010 UK general election.
The Glasgow City wards of Ashfield, Carntyne, Cowlairs, Dennistoun, Gartcraig, Keppochhill, Milnbank, Milton, Robroyston, Royston, Springburn, and Wallacewell.
Glasgow North East is one of seven constituencies covering the Glasgow City council area. All are entirely within the council area.
Prior to the 2005 general election, the city area was covered by ten constituencies, two of which straddled the boundaries of other council areas. The North East constituency includes most of the former Glasgow Springburn constituency and a small part of the former Glasgow Maryhill constituency.
The population of the constituency was 88,156 at the time of the 2011 Census. On commonly used measures like unemployment rate, numbers eligible for free school meals and educational attainment, Glasgow North East is one of the most deprived constituencies in the United Kingdom. In addition, some parts of the constituency have significant gang-related violence and drug-related crime. These issues are significant across the seat, but some areas have particular problems: heroin addiction in Possilpark, difficult to let and maintain, system-built tower blocks at Sighthill and Red Road, the latter once known as the tallest public housing in Europe, the older housing schemes in Springburn and the post-war (1949) scheme in Milton, with housing but few amenities and itself the product of earlier attempts at slum clearance. However, the innermost area of Dennistoun retains the original Victorian tenements which are no longer routinely refused mortgages because of subsidence risk due to mine workings in the area. Dennistoun has seen some gentrification, and is becoming popular with students and young professionals, while to the north there have been some new housing developments on the outskirts of Glasgow at Robroyston.
This seat has returned Labour Party candidates when contested. However, the seat was not immune to surge of support for the SNP in Scotland in 2015 and the SNP gained the seat on the largest swing recorded in the general election that year of 39.3%. The history of elections in its predecessor seats has been that Labour Party candidates were returned on most occasions when the seats were contested. Historic information about the constituencies that previously represented parts of the area now defined by Glasgow North East is detailed in Glasgow Parliamentary Constituencies.
Members of Parliament
|2005||Michael Martin||Speaker||Previously MP for Glasgow Springburn from 1979. Resigned the Speakership and from Parliament in 2009|
|2009 by-election||Willie Bain||Labour|
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2015: Glasgow North East |
|Scottish Green||Zara Kitson||615||1.6||n/a|
|Liberal Democrat||Eileen Baxendale||300||0.8||-6.9|
|SNP gain from Labour||Swing||39.31|
1 As noted at the top of the article, this was the largest swing in the 2015 SNP Landslide.
|General Election 2010: Glasgow North East |
|Liberal Democrat||Eileen Baxendale||2,262||7.7||+5.4|
|Scottish Socialist||Kevin McVey||179||0.6||-0.1|
|Socialist Labour||Jim Berrington||156||0.5||+0.3|
2 Change given relative to General Election in 2005 whereas other changes are relative to by-election in 2009.
Elections in the 2000s
A by-election was held in November 2009, caused by the resignation of former Speaker of the House of Commons Michael Martin. Labour won fairly comfortably, compared to the surprising SNP win in the neighbouring constituency of Glasgow East in the previous year. The turnout was the lowest in Scottish history.
|Glasgow North East by-election, 2009|
|Liberal Democrat||Eileen Baxendale||474||2.3||N/A|
|Scottish Green||David Doherty||332||1.6||N/A|
|Jury Team||John Smeaton||258||1.2||N/A|
|Scottish Socialist||Kevin McVey||152||0.7||-4.2|
|No Label||Mikey Hughes||54||0.3||N/A|
|Socialist Labour||Louise McDaid||47||0.2||-14.0|
|The Individuals Labour and Tory (TILT)||Colin Campbell||13||0.1||N/A|
|Labour gain from Speaker||Swing|
|General Election 2005: Glasgow North East |
|Speaker||Michael Martin 1||15,153||53.3||-13.8|
|Socialist Labour||Doris Kelly||4,036||14.2||N/A|
|Scottish Socialist||Graham Campbell||1,402||4.9||-3.2|
|Scottish Unionist||Daniel Houston||1,266||4.5||+0.3|
1 Michael Martin stood as 'the Speaker seeking re-election'. The Speaker is elected by the House of Commons after each General Election.
As is conventional, Michael Martin (a member of the Labour Party when first elected Speaker) stood as Speaker of the House of Commons in the general election of 2005. The Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats did not stand against him. Other parties did, including the Scottish National Party (the Constitution of which requires that the party fight every seat in Scotland).
The most notable feature of the result was the relatively large vote for Arthur Scargill's Socialist Labour Party, in an area where it had very little base. This was considered to be a result of voter confusion (and not the first recorded example of its kind). A large number of traditional Labour Party voters may have voted for the Socialist Labour Party in the absence of a named Labour Party candidate on the ballot paper.
Notes and references
- "Election 2015: SNP wins 56 of 59 seats in Scots landslide'". BBC News. 8 May 2015. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- "A note on the Speakership". Lords of the Blog. Hansard Society. 21 October 2009.
- Fifth Periodical Report Boundary Commission for Scotland
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "G" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- election result♯ http://www.glasgow.gov.uk/index.aspx?articleid=10527 25Aug15
- "List of selected candidates". Liberal Democrats. 4 March 2015. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
- election result♯ http://www.glasgow.gov.uk/index.aspx?articleid=10527&fPst=1 26Aug15
- Glasgiw North East UK Polling Report
- "Election 2010 – Glasgow North East". BBC News.
- Johnson, Simon (13 November 2009). "Labour 'can win fourth general election after Glasgow North East'". The Telegraph. Retrieved 3 May 2010.
- election result♯ http://www.glasgow.gov.uk/index.aspx?articleid=10527&fPst=1 31Aug15
♯ This reference gives all recent Glasgow City Westminster election results. You select the year and then the constituency to view the result.
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Constituency represented by the Speaker