History of settlement
The Glasgow Range is largely devoid of settlement, though near the Tasman Sea coastline in the foothills are small localities such as Mokihinui and Seddonville. Upon the discovery of coal, the Seddonville Branch railway was built into the foothills in the 1890s, but mining activity declined in the 1970s and the railway closed beyond Ngakawau on 3 May 1981.
Geology and weather
Granite soil of poor fertility characterises the Glasgow Range. The climate is cool, humid, and cloudy. Rainfall averages 5,600-6,400 millimetres and is largely brought by westerly winds. Evaporation is low and snow is common during winter.
A rare mollusc, the Powelliphanta lignaria rotella, is found only on the western slopes of the Glasgow Range in the Seddonville area and is considered nationally endangered. Found throughout the range are goats, while red deer were numerous prior to helicopter hunting that was especially popular in the 1970s.
- David Leitch and Brian Scott, Exploring New Zealand's Ghost Railways, rev. ed. (Wellington: Grantham House, 1998), 52-3.
- P. A. Williams, "Subalpine and alpine vegetation of granite ranges in western Nelson, New Zealand", New Zealand Journal of Botany 29 : 318.
- Department of Conservation, New Zealand Threat Classification System lists – 2002 - Terrestrial invertebrate - part one, accessed 23 June 2007.
- Williams, "Subalpine and alpine vegetation", 319.