Glasgow St Rollox (UK Parliament constituency)

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Glasgow St Rollox
Former Burgh constituency
for the House of Commons
Subdivisions of Scotland City of Glasgow
18851950
Number of members One
Replaced by Glasgow Woodside
Created from Glasgow

Glasgow St. Rollox was a burgh constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885 until 1950. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) using the first-past-the-post voting system.

The constituency covered Glasgow's Cowcaddens and Woodside wards. In 1950, the constituency was extended to include North Kelvin ward, and the name was changed to Glasgow Woodside.

It is referenced in Franz Ferdinand's song "The Fallen" as an area where the protagonist of the story spends much of his time.

Boundaries[edit]

The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 provided that the constituency was to consist of the Fifth Municipal Ward, and the Third Municipal Ward, except so much as is comprised in the Camlachie Division. [1]

In 1918 the constituency consisted of "That portion of the city which is bounded by a line commencing at a point at the intersection of Springburn Road and Parliamentary Road, thence south-westward along the centre line of Parliamentary Road to the centre line of Buchanan Street, thence northward along the centre line of Buchanan Street to the centre line of Cowcaddens, thence northwestward along the centre line of Cowcaddens, New City Road and Great Western Road to the centre line of the River Kelvin, thence northward along the centre line of the River Kelvin to the centre line of Belmont Street, thence northeastward along the centre line of Belmont Street to the centre line of Carlton Gardens, thence eastward along the centre line of Carlton Gardens and Raeberry Street to the centre line of New City Road, thence north-eastward along the centre line of Well Road and continuation thereof to the centre line of the Forth and Clyde Canal, thence south-eastward along the centre line of the Forth and Clyde Canal to the centre line of Possil Road, thence north-eastward along the centre line of Possil Road to the centre line of Saracen Street, thence eastward and north-eastward along the centre line of Keppochhill Road to the centre of the North British Railway (Edinburgh and Glasgow Line), thence south-westward along the centre line of the said North British Railway to the centre line of Fountainwell Road, thence south-eastward along the centre line of Fountainwell Road to the centre line of Springburn Road, thence southward along the centre line of Springburn Road to the point of commencement."

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member [2] Party
1885 John McCulloch Liberal
1886 James Caldwell Liberal Unionist Party
1892 Sir James Morse Carmichael Liberal
1895 Ferdinand Faithfull Begg Conservative
1900 John Wilson Liberal Unionist Party
1906 Thomas McKinnon Wood Liberal
1918 Master of Elibank Coalition Unionist
1922 James Stewart Labour
1931 William Leonard Labour Co-operative
1950 constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: St Rollox [3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John McCulloch 4,952
Conservative John Neilson Cuthbertson 4,824
Majority 126
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
James Caldwell
General Election 1886: St Rollox [4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist James Caldwell 4,788
Liberal Peter Stuart MacLiver 4,669
Majority 119
Turnout
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: St Rollox [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sir James Morse Carmichael 6,247
Liberal Unionist Hon. Hugh Frederick Hislop Elliot 4,891
Majority 1,356
Turnout
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing
General Election 1895: St Rollox [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ferdinand Faithfull Begg 4,561
Liberal Sir James Morse Carmichael 4,200
Ind. Labour Party John Evans Woolacott 405 n/a
Majority 361
Turnout
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: St Rollox [7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist John Wilson 6,232
Liberal Thomas McKinnon Wood 6,049
Majority
Turnout
Liberal Unionist hold Swing
McKinnon Wood
General Election 1906: St Rollox [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas McKinnon Wood 9,453 61.0
Liberal Unionist John Wilson 6,045 39.0
Majority
Turnout
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election Jan 1910: St Rollox [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas McKinnon Wood 10,019
Liberal Unionist Arthur Robert Chamberlayne 6,821
Majority
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
General Election Dec 1910: St Rollox [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas McKinnon Wood 9,291
Liberal Unionist Arthur Robert Chamberlayne 7,374
Majority
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
Glasgow St Rollox by-election, 1912 [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas McKinnon Wood 8,530
Unionist Frederick Alexander Macquisten 8,061
Majority
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1918: St Rollox [12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist 10,844
Labour James Stewart 6,147
Liberal Thomas McKinnon Wood 1,521
Majority
Turnout
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
  • endorsed by Coalition Government

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922: Glasgow St Rollox
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Stewart 16,114 56.6
Unionist James Brown Couper 10,343 36.3
Liberal James Alexander Fleming 2,025 7.1
Majority 5,771 20.3
Turnout 28,482
Labour gain from Unionist Swing
General Election 1923: Glasgow St Rollox [13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Stewart 15,240
Unionist Miss Violet Mary Robertson 9,204
Majority
Turnout
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1924: Glasgow St Rollox [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Stewart 16,299
Liberal James Johnston 11,238
Majority
Turnout
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1929: Glasgow St. Rollox [15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Stewart 19,445 61.8
Unionist A.N. Forman 11,430 36.3 n/a
Communist George Walker Middleton 613 1.9 n/a
Majority 8,015 25.5
Turnout 31,488
Labour hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

Glasgow St Rollox by-election, 1931 [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Leonard 10,044
Unionist J.A. Kennedy 8,662
National (Scotland) Wilhemina Allison Campbell 3,521
Majority
Turnout
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1931: Glasgow St Rollox[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Leonard 13,545 44.7
Unionist Fred Shoesmith 12,734 42.0
National (Scotland) Wilhemina Allison Campbell 4,021 13.3
Majority 811 2.7
Turnout 30,300 74.2
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1935: Glasgow St Rollox [18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Leonard 16,708 61.6
Unionist H. Black 10,411 38.4
Majority 6,297 23.2
Turnout 27,119 67.8
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Glasgow St Rollox
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Leonard 14,620 63.1
Unionist William Rankine Milligan 8,553 36.9
Majority 6,067 26.2
Turnout 61.6
Labour hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, Sixth Schedule
  2. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  3. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1889
  4. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1889
  5. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1893
  6. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  7. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  8. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1907
  9. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  10. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  11. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  12. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1920
  13. ^ The Times, 8 December 1923
  14. ^ Oliver & Boyd's Edinburgh Almanac, 1924
  15. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  16. ^ The Times, 9 May 1931
  17. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1934
  18. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1939