Glasgow St Rollox (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Glasgow St Rollox
Former Burgh constituency
for the House of Commons
Subdivisions of Scotland City of Glasgow
18851950
Number of members One
Replaced by Glasgow Springburn and Glasgow Woodside
Created from Glasgow

Glasgow St. Rollox was a burgh constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885 until 1950. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) using the first-past-the-post voting system.

The constituency covered Glasgow's Cowcaddens and Woodside wards. In 1950, the constituency was extended to include North Kelvin ward, and the name was changed to Glasgow Woodside.

It is referenced in Franz Ferdinand's song "The Fallen" as an area where the protagonist of the story spends much of his time.

Boundaries[edit]

The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 provided that the constituency was to consist of the Fifth Municipal Ward, and the Third Municipal Ward, except so much as is comprised in the Camlachie Division. [1]

In 1918 the constituency consisted of "That portion of the city which is bounded by a line commencing at a point at the intersection of Springburn Road and Parliamentary Road, thence south-westward along the centre line of Parliamentary Road to the centre line of Buchanan Street, thence northward along the centre line of Buchanan Street to the centre line of Cowcaddens, thence northwestward along the centre line of Cowcaddens, New City Road and Great Western Road to the centre line of the River Kelvin, thence northward along the centre line of the River Kelvin to the centre line of Belmont Street, thence northeastward along the centre line of Belmont Street to the centre line of Carlton Gardens, thence eastward along the centre line of Carlton Gardens and Raeberry Street to the centre line of New City Road, thence north-eastward along the centre line of Well Road and continuation thereof to the centre line of the Forth and Clyde Canal, thence south-eastward along the centre line of the Forth and Clyde Canal to the centre line of Possil Road, thence north-eastward along the centre line of Possil Road to the centre line of Saracen Street, thence eastward and north-eastward along the centre line of Keppochhill Road to the centre of the North British Railway (Edinburgh and Glasgow Line), thence south-westward along the centre line of the said North British Railway to the centre line of Fountainwell Road, thence south-eastward along the centre line of Fountainwell Road to the centre line of Springburn Road, thence southward along the centre line of Springburn Road to the point of commencement."

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member [2] Party
1885 John McCulloch Liberal
1886 James Caldwell Liberal Unionist Party
1892 Sir James Morse Carmichael Liberal
1895 Ferdinand Faithfull Begg Conservative
1900 John Wilson Liberal Unionist Party
1906 Thomas Wood Liberal
1918 Master of Elibank Coalition Unionist
1922 James Stewart Labour
1931 William Leonard Labour Co-operative
1950 constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: St Rollox [3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John McCulloch 4,950 50.64 N/A
Conservative John Neilson Cuthbertson 4,824 49.36 N/A
Majority 126 1.29 N/A
Turnout 9,774 81.96 N/A
Registered electors 11,926
Liberal win (new seat)
James Caldwell
General Election 1886: St Rollox [5][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist James Caldwell 4,788 50.62 +1.26
Liberal Peter Stuart MacLiver 4,669 49.37 −1.27
Majority 119 1.26 N/A
Turnout 9,457 79.30 −2.66
Registered electors 11,926
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +1.27

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: St Rollox [6][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Carmichael 6,247 56.09 +6.72
Liberal Unionist Hugh Elliot 4,891 43.91 −6.71
Majority 1,356 12.17 N/A
Turnout 11,138 80.80 +1.50
Registered electors 13,785
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +6.71
General Election 1895: St Rollox [7][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ferdinand Begg 4,561 49.76 +5.85
Liberal James Carmichael 4,200 45.82 −10.27
Ind. Labour Party John Evans Woolacott 405 4.42 N/A
Majority 361 3.94 N/A
Turnout 9,166 62.25 −18.55
Registered electors 14,724
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +8.06

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: St Rollox [8][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist John Wilson 6,232 50.75 +0.99
Liberal Thomas Wood 6,049 49.25 +3.43
Majority 183 1.49 −2.45
Turnout 12,281 72.69 +10.44
Registered electors 16,896
Liberal Unionist hold Swing −1.22
McKinnon Wood
General Election 1906: St Rollox [9][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Wood 9,453 60.98 +11.73
Liberal Unionist John Wilson 6,048 39.02 −11.73
Majority 3,405 21.97 N/A
Turnout 15,501 80.28 +7.59
Registered electors 19,309
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +11.73

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election Jan 1910: St Rollox [10][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Wood 10,019 59.50 −1.48
Liberal Unionist Arthur Robert Chamberlayne 6,821 40.50 +1.48
Majority 3,198 18.99 +2.98
Turnout 16,840 86.00 +5.72
Registered electors 19,581
Liberal hold Swing −1.48
General Election Dec 1910: St Rollox [11][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Wood 9,291 55.75 −3.75
Liberal Unionist Arthur Robert Chamberlayne 7,374 44.25 +3.75
Majority 1,917 11.50 −7.49
Turnout 16,665 83.67 −2.33
Registered electors 19,918
Liberal hold Swing −3.75
Glasgow St Rollox by-election, 1912 [12][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Wood 8,530 51.41 −4.34
Liberal Unionist Frederick Alexander Macquisten 8,061 48.59 +4.34
Majority 469 2.83 −8.67
Turnout 16,591 82.63 −1.04
Registered electors 20,079
Liberal hold Swing −4.34
General Election 1918: St Rollox [13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist Gideon Oliphant-Murray 10,844 58.58 +14.33
Labour James Stewart 6,147 33.21 N/A
Liberal Thomas McKinnon Wood 1,521 8.22 −47.53
Majority 4,697 25.37 N/A
Turnout 18,512 48.16 −35.51
Registered electors 38,439
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922: Glasgow St Rollox[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Stewart 16,114 56.58 +23.37
Unionist James Brown Couper 10,343 36.31 −22.27
Liberal James Alexander Fleming 2,025 7.11 −1.11
Majority 5,771 20.26 N/A
Turnout 28,482 76.68 +28.52
Registered electors 37,145
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +22.82
General Election 1923: Glasgow St Rollox [15][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Stewart 15,240 62.35 +14.23
Unionist Violet Mary Robertson 9,204 37.65 +1.34
Majority 6,036 24.69 +4.43
Turnout 24,444 65.64 −11.04
Registered electors 37,238
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +6.45
General Election 1924: Glasgow St Rollox [16][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Stewart 16,299 59.19 −3.16
Liberal James Johnston 11,238 40.81 +3.16
Majority 5,061 18.38 −6.31
Turnout 27,537 74.31 +8.67
Registered electors 37,059
Labour hold Swing −3.16
General Election 1929: Glasgow St. Rollox [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Stewart 19,445 61.75 +2.56
Unionist A.N. Forman 11,430 36.30 N/A
Communist George Middleton 613 1.95 N/A
Majority 8,015 25.45 +7.07
Turnout 31,488 71.99 −2.32
Registered electors 43,742
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

Glasgow St Rollox by-election, 1931 [17][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op William Leonard 10,044 61.75 45.19 −16.56
Unionist J.A. Kennedy 8,662 38.97 +2.67
National (Scotland) Elma Campbell 3,521 15.84 N/A
Majority 1,382 6.22 −19.23
Turnout 22,227 54.06 −17.93
Registered electors 41,112
Labour Co-op hold Swing −9.62
General Election 1931: Glasgow St Rollox[18][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op William Leonard 13,545 44.70 −17.05
Unionist Fred Shoesmith 12,734 42.03 +5.73
National (Scotland) Elma Campbell 4,021 13.27 N/A
Majority 811 2.68 −22.77
Turnout 30,300 74.16 +2.17
Registered electors 40,858
Labour Co-op hold Swing −11.39
General Election 1935: Glasgow St Rollox [19][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op William Leonard 16,708 61.61 +16.91
Unionist H Black 10,411 38.39 −3.64
Majority 6,297 23.22 +20.54
Turnout 27,119 67.82 −6.34
Registered electors 39,986
Labour Co-op hold Swing −10.28

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Glasgow St Rollox[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op William Leonard 14,520 62.93 +1.32
Unionist William Milligan 8,553 37.07 −1.32
Majority 5,967 25.86 +2.64
Turnout 23,073 61.13 −6.69
Registered electors 37,745
Labour Co-op hold Swing +1.32

References[edit]

  1. ^ Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, Sixth Schedule
  2. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 1)
  3. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1889
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. p. 508. ISBN 9781349022984. 
  5. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1889
  6. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1893
  7. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  8. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  9. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1907
  10. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  11. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  12. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  13. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1920
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i Craig, F.W.S., ed. (1969). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949. Glasgow: Political Reference Publications. p. 596. ISBN 0-900178-01-9. 
  15. ^ The Times, 8 December 1923
  16. ^ Oliver & Boyd's Edinburgh Almanac, 1924
  17. ^ The Times, 9 May 1931
  18. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1934
  19. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1939