Glasgow Tradeston by-election, 1911

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Glasgow Tradeston constituency was created in 1885, and elected Liberal Archibald Corbett as their MP from then until he retired from the House of Commons in 1911 to take a seat in the House of Lords as 1st Baron Rowallan. Although Tradeston had consistently voted for Corbett, he did not consistently stand under the same label. In 1885 he stood as a Liberal against a Conservative. In 1886 following a split in the Liberal party he stood as a Liberal Unionist against a Liberal. Thereafter this was the normal contest until 1910. He had re-joined the Liberal party in 1908 but he did not win the official Liberal nomination in January 1910. This time standing as an Independent Liberal he scraped a victory against both Liberal and Conservative candidates. Then at the last general election, standing as the official Liberal candidate he won comfortably.

The local Liberal association finally settled on J. D. White to defend the seat. He had been Liberal MP for Dunbartonshire before standing down at the last election. They had considered James Hogge and Junior Minister Charles Masterman, and actually settled on Masterman before he withdrew to contest the Bethnal Green South West by-election, 1911.[1] The new Unionist candidate was Conservative John Henry Watts, who had opposed James Keir Hardie at Merthyr Tydfil at the general election.

The turnout was substantially down on the general election, meaning that while White won the seat for the Liberals with a massive swing of 17.6%, he actually got fewer votes than Corbett had.

Due to the outbreak of war, the subsequent general election did not take place until 1918. The Unionist Henderson was the endorsed candidate of the Coalition Government, and won comfortably. After losing Glasgow Tradeston, White briefly joined the Labour party and stood as a Labour candidate on two occasions.

Detailed election results[edit]

General Election Dec 1910: Glasgow Tradeston[2] Electorate
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Archibald Cameron Corbett 4,811 60.5
Liberal Unionist Archibald Pollock Main 3,137 39.5
Majority 21.0
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
Glasgow Tradeston by-election, 1911[2] Electorate
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Dundas White 3,869 78.1 +17.6
Conservative John Henry Watts 1,086 21.9 -17.6
Majority 2,783 56.2 +35.2
Turnout 4,955
Liberal hold Swing +17.6
General Election 14 December 1918: Glasgow Tradeston[3] Electorate 35,960
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Lt-Col. Vivian Leonard Henderson MC 12,250
British Socialist Party James Dunlop MacDougall 3,751 n/a
Liberal James Dundas White 3,369
Majority 8,499
Turnout
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing n/a

References[edit]

  1. ^ Liberal Nationalisms: Empire, State, and Civil Society in Scotland and Quebec By James Kennedy
  2. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  3. ^ British parliamentary election results 1885-1918 by Craig, F.W.S. (1974)