Glassboro, New Jersey
|Glassboro, New Jersey|
|Borough of Glassboro|
St. Thomas' Episcopal Church
|Nickname(s): Summit City|
Glassboro highlighted in Gloucester County. Inset map: Gloucester County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Glassboro, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||March 11, 1878|
|Named for||Glass industry|
|• Body||Borough Council|
|• Mayor||John E. Wallace III (D, term ends December 31, 2018)|
|• Administrator||Joseph A. Brigandi Jr.|
|• Municipal clerk||Patricia A. Frontino|
|• Total||9.221 sq mi (23.882 km2)|
|• Land||9.184 sq mi (23.787 km2)|
|• Water||0.037 sq mi (0.095 km2) 0.40%|
217th of 566 in state|
14th of 24 in county
|Elevation||148 ft (45 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2016)||19,835|
137th of 566 in state|
5th of 24 in county
|• Density||2,022.9/sq mi (781.0/km2)|
|• Density rank||
291st of 566 in state|
10th of 24 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||856 exchanges: 442, 863, 881|
|GNIS feature ID||0885231|
Glassboro is a borough in Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 18,579, reflecting a decline of 489 (−2.6%) from the 19,068 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 3,454 (+22.1%) over the 15,614 counted in the 1990 Census.
What is now Glassboro was originally formed as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 11, 1878, from portions of Clayton Township. Portions of the township were taken to form Elk Township (April 17, 1891) and Pitman (May 24, 1905). Glassboro was incorporated as a borough on March 18, 1920, replacing Glassboro Township. The borough was named for its glass industry.
Glassboro is home to Rowan University, founded in 1923 and formerly known as Glassboro State College, which was the site of the Glassboro Summit Conference in 1967 between U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson and Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government
- 5 Education
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Notable people
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Glassboro's early history was built on the manufacturing of glass. The town was first established in 1779 by Solomon Stanger as "Glass Works in the Woods"; glass manufacturers over the years since include Heston-Carpenter Glass Works, Olive Glass Works, Harmony Glass Works, Temperanceville Glass Works, Whitney Brothers Glass Works, Owens Bottle Company, Owens Illinois Glass Company, and Anchor Hocking.
The Glassboro Summit Conference between U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson and Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin took place in Glassboro. Johnson and Kosygin met for three days from June 23 to June 25, 1967, at Glassboro State College (later renamed Rowan University). The location was chosen as a compromise. Kosygin, having agreed to address the United Nations in New York City, wanted to meet in New York. Johnson, wary of encountering protests against the Vietnam War, preferred to meet in Washington, D.C. They agreed on Glassboro because it was equidistant between the two cities. The generally amicable atmosphere of the summit was referred to as the "Spirit of Glassboro," although the leaders failed to reach agreement on limiting anti-ballistic missile systems.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 9.221 square miles (23.882 km2), including 9.184 square miles (23.787 km2) of land and 0.037 square miles (0.095 km2) of water (0.40%).
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Glassboro has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
|Population sources: 1880–2000|
1930–1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 18,579 people, 6,158 households, and 3,972 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,022.9 per square mile (781.0/km2). There were 6,590 housing units at an average density of 717.5 per square mile (277.0/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 72.25% (13,423) White, 18.67% (3,469) Black or African American, 0.11% (21) Native American, 2.87% (534) Asian, 0.05% (10) Pacific Islander, 3.12% (580) from other races, and 2.92% (542) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.42% (1,378) of the population.
There were 6,158 households out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.4% were married couples living together, 16.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.5% were non-families. 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.13.
In the borough, the population was spread out with 19.4% under the age of 18, 26.4% from 18 to 24, 21.1% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28.4 years. For every 100 females there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 95.0 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $54,795 (with a margin of error of +/- $3,793) and the median family income was $67,171 (+/- $9,496). Males had a median income of $49,695 (+/- $4,361) versus $43,489 (+/- $2,608) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $23,108 (+/- $1,421). About 9.3% of families and 14.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.6% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 19,068 people, 6,225 households, and 4,046 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,071.3 people per square mile (799.4/km²). There were 6,555 housing units at an average density of 712.0 per square mile (274.8/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 74.5% White, 19.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.5% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.8% of the population.
There were 6,225 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.3% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.0% were non-families. 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.17.
In the borough the population was spread out with 22.1% under the age of 18, 25.6% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 16.6% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.3 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $44,992, and the median income for a family was $55,246. Males had a median income of $40,139 versus $30,358 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $18,113. About 8.5% of families and 15.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.6% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.
Glassboro is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government used by Glassboro, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.
As of 2016[update], the Mayor of Glassboro is Democrat John E. Wallace, whose term of office ends December 31, 2018. Members of the Borough Council are Council President George P. Cossabone Sr. (D, 2016), Hector Cabezas (D, 2017), Joe D'Alessandro (D, 2017), Edward A. Malandro (D, 2016), Anna Miller (D, 2018) and John Wallace (D, 2018).
Federal, state and county representation
Glassboro is located in the 1st Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 3rd state legislative district. Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Glassboro had been in the 4th state legislative district.
New Jersey's First Congressional District is represented by Donald Norcross (D, Camden). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (Paramus, 2019).
For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 3rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Stephen M. Sweeney (D, West Deptford Township) and in the General Assembly by John J. Burzichelli (D, Paulsboro) and Adam Taliaferro (D, Woolwich Township). The Governor of New Jersey is Phil Murphy (D, Middletown Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Sheila Oliver (D, East Orange).
Gloucester County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis in partisan elections, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At a reorganization meeting held each January, the Board selects a Freeholder Director and a Deputy Freeholder Director from among its members. As of 2018[update], Gloucester County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Robert M. Damminger (D, West Deptford Township; term as freeholder and as freeholder director ends December 31, 2018), Deputy Freeholder Director Giuseppe "Joe" Chila (D, Woolwich Township; term as freeholder and as freeholder deputy director ends 2018), Lyman J. Barnes (D, Logan Township; 2020), Daniel Christy (D, Washington Township; 2019), Frank J. DiMarco (D, Deptford Township; 2019), Jim Jefferson (D, Woodbury; 2020) and Heather Simmons (D, Glassboro; 2020). Constitutional officers elected countywide are County Clerk James N. Hogan (D, Franklinville in Franklin Township; 2022), Sheriff Carmel Morina (D, Greenwich Township; 2018) and Surrogate Helene M. Reed (D, Monroe Township; 2022).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 9,772 registered voters in Glassboro, of which 3,733 (38.2%) were registered as Democrats, 1,408 (14.4%) were registered as Republicans and 4,617 (47.2%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 14 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 63.7% of the vote (4,578 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 34.6% (2,485 votes), and other candidates with 1.8% (128 votes), among the 7,252 ballots cast by the borough's 10,804 registered voters (61 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 67.1%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 62.8% of the vote (4,516 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 35.4% (2,547 votes) and other candidates with 0.9% (62 votes), among the 7,195 ballots cast by the borough's 10,312 registered voters, for a turnout of 69.8%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 58.5% of the vote (3,930 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 40.1% (2,699 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (60 votes), among the 6,723 ballots cast by the borough's 9,801 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 68.6.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 53.0% of the vote (2,106 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 45.0% (1,786 votes), and other candidates with 2.0% (80 votes), among the 4,074 ballots cast by the borough's 10,838 registered voters (102 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 37.6%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 51.7% of the vote (2,198 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 39.0% (1,659 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 6.7% (287 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (29 votes), among the 4,255 ballots cast by the borough's 9,958 registered voters, yielding a 42.7% turnout.
The Glassboro Public Schools serve students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2014-15 school year, the district and its five schools had an enrollment of 2,231 students and 161.2 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.8:1. Schools in the district (with 2014-15 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are J. Harvey Rodgers School (grades PreK and kindergarten; 305 students), Dorothy L. Bullock School (1-3; 515), Thomas E. Bowe Elementary School (4-6; 450), Glassboro Intermediate School (7-8; 249) and Glassboro High School (9-12; 611).
Rowan University is a public university with an enrollment of 18,500 students in 2017-18. The university was founded in 1923 as Glassboro Normal School on a 25-acre (10 ha) site donated by the borough. The school became New Jersey State Teachers College at Glassboro in 1937 and Glassboro State College in 1958. Starting in the 1970s, it expanded into a multi-purpose institution, adding programs in business, communications, and engineering. Rowan Boulevard is a mixed-use development intended to provide a vibrant downtown district for Glassboro, incorporating university student life into its design, as part of an effort to accommodate a student body that is projected to grow to about 25,000 in 2023.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the borough had a total of 78.43 miles (126.22 km) of roadways, of which 57.61 miles (92.71 km) were maintained by the municipality, 13.29 miles (21.39 km) by Gloucester County and 7.53 miles (12.12 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Passenger train service to Glassboro existed from 1860 to 1971. The station used by the Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines is being renovated as a visitor center. The station is a planned terminal on the Glassboro–Camden Line, an 18-mile (28.97 km) diesel multiple unit (DMU) light rail system projected for completion in 2019.
Bikes and Pedestrians
Walking is a popular form of transportation especially around the university where many underclassmen are not permitted to have cars. The Glassboro - Williamstown Trail (also known as the Monroe Township Bike Path) traverses the Glassboro State Wildlife Refuge before terminating at Delsea Dr. As of 2018, engineering work is underway to extend this trail along former railroad right of way from Delsea Dr. to Rowan U's Bunce Hall. Future extensions will also offer links to Elmer and Pitman.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Glassboro include:
- John Aveni (1935–2002), kicker for the Chicago Bears.
- Gary Brackett (born 1980), linebacker on the Super Bowl XLI champion Indianapolis Colts.
- Mark Lambert Bristol (1868–1939), Rear Admiral in the United States Navy.
- King Kong Bundy (born 1957) retired American professional wrestler, stand-up comedian and actor.
- Betty Castor (born 1941), Florida Senate Candidate and former President of The University of South Florida.
- Corey Clement (born 1994), running back for the Super Bowl LII champion Philadelphia Eagles.
- Joe Crispin (born 1979), former NBA player for the Phoenix Suns and Los Angeles Lakers.
- Daniel Dalton (born 1949), politician who served as New Jersey Senate Majority Leader and as Secretary of State of New Jersey.
- Sean F. Dalton (born 1962), Prosecutor of Gloucester County, New Jersey who previously served two terms in the New Jersey General Assembly, where he represented the 4th Legislative District.
- Thomas M. Ferrell (1844–1916) represented New Jersey's 1st congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1883 to 1885.
- Cathe Friedrich (born 1964), athlete, instructor and innovator in the fitness video industry.
- Kerry Getz (born 1975), professional skateboarder.
- Jaden (born 1977), professional wrestling manager and commentator.
- George Johnson (born 1987), defensive end for the Detroit Lions of the NFL.
- Jarvis Lynch (born 1933), retired Major General in the United States Marine Corps.
- Brian Oliver (born 1990), professional basketball player.
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- Bitman, Terry. "New chapter for Hollybush Restoration advances at Glassboro residence where LBJ met Kosygin.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, May 14, 2003. Accessed July 21, 2015.
- From Normal to Extraordinary: The History of Rowan University, Rowan University. Accessed July 21, 2015. "Rowan University has evolved from its humble beginning in 1923 as a normal school, with a mission to train teachers for South Jersey classrooms, to a comprehensive university with a strong regional reputation.... The University received worldwide attention when it hosted a historic summit conference between President Lyndon Johnson and Soviet Premier Aleksei Kosygin in Hollybush."
- About, Borough of Glassboro. Accessed October 18, 2017.
- Staff. "Officials Neglect Negro Pleas, Typhoid Epidemic Hits N. J. Town", Jet (magazine), December 4, 1958. Accessed October 18, 2017.
- Gray, Jerry. "Panel Approves Changing Name of Glassboro State to Rowan College", The New York Times, July 18, 1992. Accessed September 29, 2012. "The Soviet leader was attending a session of the United Nations General Assembly, and the southern New Jersey campus was chosen as the site of the meeting because it was roughly midway between New York City and Washington."
- Remarks at the High School Commencement Exercises in Glassboro, New Jersey June 19, 1986, Ronald Reagan Presidential Library. Accessed July 24, 2014.
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- New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 – 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed June 28, 2015.
- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Glassboro borough, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 10, 2012.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 – Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Glassboro borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 10, 2012.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Glassboro borough, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 12, 2012.
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- Councilwoman Anna Miller, Borough of Glassboro. Accessed August 15, 2013.
- Davis, Phil. "Anna Miller to fill vacant Glassboro council seat as councilman steps down", South Jersey Times, March 27, 2013. Accessed August 17, 2013. "Long-time Glassboro resident Anna Miller was appointed by the borough's Democratic Committee on Tuesday to fill the seat left vacant by Councilman George Cossabone's resignation."
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- About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
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- Senators of the 114th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
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- Governor Phil Murphy, State of New Jersey. Accessed January 16, 2018.
- Lieutenant Governor Oliver, State of New Jersey. Accessed January 16, 2018. "Assemblywoman Oliver has resided in the City of East Orange for over 40 years."
- Robert M. Damminger, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Giuseppe (Joe) Chila, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Lyman Barnes, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Daniel Christy, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Frank J. DiMarco, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Jim Jefferson, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Heather Simmons, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
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- Members List: Clerks, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Sheriff Carmel M. Morina, Gloucester County. Accessed June 10, 2018.
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- Surrogate Helene M. Reed, Gloucester County. Accessed July 19, 2017.
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- District information for Glassboro School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 7, 2016.
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- Davis, Phil. "Glassboro begins restoration of historic train station", South Jersey Times, February 6, 2013. Accessed July 24, 2014.
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- Fact Sheet 2013, Glassboro-Camden Line. Accessed July 24, 2014.
- "N.J. Borough Seeks Contractor for Train Station Renovation", Durabilty + Design, March 1, 2011. Accessed July 24, 2014.
- Albert, Ashleigh (2017-03-30). "In fall 2017, sophomores will no longer be permitted to have cars on campus". The Whit Online. Retrieved 2018-03-06.
- "Bike Path". Monroe Township Parks and Recreation. Retrieved 2018-03-06.
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- Hoffenberg, Noah. "Bundy: 410 pounds headed for Adams", North Adams Transcript, September 11, 2004. Accessed September 29, 2012. "Bundy, also known as Chris A. Pallies, 47, of Glassboro, N.J., is going to be bringing the hurt to Turn Hall next Saturday night."
- "Castor concedes Florida Senate race", CNN, November 3, 2004. Accessed June 20, 2007. "Castor, 63, grew up in Glassboro, New Jersey."
- Lombardo, Matt. "How Glassboro native Corey Clement aims to make Eagles", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, July 29, 2017. Accessed September 27, 2017. "Glassboro native and Eagles undrafted rookie running back Corey Clement knows what he's up against to make the roster out of training camp."
- CrispinOnline.com. "Joe makes his home in Glassboro, New Jersey, though he usually spends the basketball season playing professionally in Europe." Accessed July 2, 2008.
- Sinding, Rick. "Dan Dalton Interview (October 16, 2013)", Center on the American Governor, Eagleton Institute of Politics at Rutgers University. Accessed September 15, 2016. "I grew up in Glassboro, New Jersey, which is Gloucester County, and attended school there locally and went on to Gloucester Catholic, where I graduated high school."
- Sean F. Dalton Gloucester County Prosecutor, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed October 26, 2017. "A Glassboro native, Sean Dalton graduated from Glassboro High School and is a member of the GHS Distinguished Hall of Fame."
- Thomas Merrell Ferrell, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 24, 2007.
- Clark, Jane Bennett. "Over 40? Say Ouch; You're working hard to stay fit, and therein lies the problem.", Kiplinger, December 31, 2007. Accessed July 19, 2017. "Cathe Friedrich, 42, may have been born at the tail end of the baby boom, but she got a jump on joint trouble. A fitness instructor who also makes exercise DVDs (www.cathe.com), she was demonstrating a kickboxing routine about a year ago when she felt a burning sensation in her knee. 'Wrong kick, wrong way -- boom!' says Friedrich of Glassboro, N.J."
- Through The Lens 7: The Premis Summer Tour, ATVScene.com. Accessed March 14, 2007. "Thursday, Brandon and I packed up and started driving towards Kerry Getz's house in Glassboro, NJ."
- Jaden's official MySpace page. Accessed July 13, 2008.
- Odenbrett, Austin. "Minnesota Viking and Glassboro grad George Johnson holds football camp", South Jersey Times, July 2, 2013. Accessed October 18, 2017. "Minnesota Vikings defensive end George Johnson’s career has taken him across country playing on the biggest stage, but the NFL veteran will never forget his roots in Glassboro. While he has yet to make an major impact as a professional, Johnson has more than made up for it in his off-the-field contributions, including his signature event giving back to his hometown community — the annual George Johnson Youth Football Camp held at his alma mater, Glassboro High School."
- Jarvis D. Lynch, United States Marine Corps. Accessed December 26, 2007.
- Brian Oliver – Seton Hall bio. Accessed September 12, 2014.