Glasson, Wigton

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Glasson
Highland Laddie Inn, Glasson - geograph.org.uk - 596562.jpg
The Highland Laddie Inn, Glasson
Glasson is located in Cumbria
Glasson
Glasson
 Glasson shown within Cumbria
OS grid reference NY25216047
Shire county Cumbria
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Police Cumbria
Fire Cumbria
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
List of places
UK
England
Cumbria

Coordinates: 54°56′00″N 3°10′07″W / 54.933361°N 03.168739°W / 54.933361; -03.168739

Glasson is a small settlement in Cumbria, England. It just inland from the Solway coast, eight miles northwest of the City of Carlisle on the course of Hadrian's Wall and its World Heritage Zone, near to Drumburgh. The place name of Glasson is thought to derive from the Anglo-Scandinavian 'glaise' which means a small stream.[1]

History[edit]

The line of the Vallum (National Monument number 26122) of Hadrians Wall, dating from 128AD-130AD runs through the village. No trace of the vallum is now visible within the village itself, however its earthworks are clearly visible in the fields to the east. A sandstone building stone inscribed "Legions II Aug Coh III" was found in the vicinity of Glasson in the 18th century.[1]

The earliest map from the mid-eighteenth century shows a rural hamlet aligned along the course of the old vallum and made up of 21 dwellings. The 1838 tithe map shows 32 dwelling in Glasson with the same alignment. Between 1864 and 1926 the OS maps show that the village experienced a gradual expansion up to approximately 68 dwellings, aided by the establishment of the railway station on the line to Port Carlisle and to Carlisle via Drumburgh.[1]

The village lies in the old Barony of Burgh, dating from 1092, the baron now being the Earl of Lonsdale. The barony was a bulwark against Scottish invasion across the Solway[2]

Transport[edit]

Canals[edit]

The Carlisle Navigation Canal (1821–1853) ran slightly to the east of the village, reaching the Solway at Port Carlisle.[3] The Port Carlisle Railway Company filled in the canal and rail passenger services commenced in 1854.[4] The old overbridge, with a cast-iron parapet, built in 1819-23 at NY254606 is a listed structure[5] and was originally built as a bridge over canal. The plinth with rounded corners was originally the supporting structure for the canal drawbridge, increased in height to convert it to a railway bridge. An old canal lock keepers cottage also survives.[6]

Railways[edit]

Glasson railway station was the intermediate station on the Port Carlisle on the old branch line from Carlisle, diverging at the junction near Drumburgh. It had a single platform and a shelter. A horse-drawn passenger service was provided between Drumburgh and Port Carlisle through Glasson from 1856, replaced in 1914 by steam propulsion until a steam railmotor 'Flower of Yarrow' was introduced, running until the branch closed in 1932.[4]

Natural history[edit]

Glasson Moss National Nature Reserve.

Glasson Moss NNR lies near the village. Much of the area was worked for peat in the past, however it is the best preserved of the Solway Mosses with a typical moss carpet and flora and notable bryophytes and invertebrates.[7]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b c Archaeological Data Service Retrieved : 2012-08-18
  2. ^ Per Lineam Valli Retrieved : 2012-08-17
  3. ^ Ramshaw, Page 47
  4. ^ a b Cumbria Railways Retrieved : 2012-08-17
  5. ^ Port Carlisle Railway Retrieved : 2012-08-01
  6. ^ British Listed Buildings Retrieved : 2012-08-18
  7. ^ Cumbria Wildlife Retrieved : 2012-08-18
Sources
  1. Lee, Joan (1998). The Place Names of Cumbria. Cumbria County Council. ISBN 0-905404-70-X.
  2. Ramshaw, David (1997). The Carlisle Navigation Railway. Carlisle : P3 Publications. ISBN 0-9522098-5-3.

External links[edit]