Glaston

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Glaston
St Andrew's Church, Glaston, Rutland - from the southwest.jpg
St Andrew's church
Glaston is located in Rutland
Glaston
Glaston
Glaston shown within Rutland
Area 1.83 sq mi (4.7 km2[1]
Population 185 2001 Census[2]
• Density 101/sq mi (39/km2)
OS grid reference SK896005
• London 79 miles (127 km) SSE
Unitary authority
Shire county
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town OAKHAM
Postcode district LE15
Dialling code 01572
Police Leicestershire
Fire Leicestershire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Rutland
52°35′42″N 0°40′41″W / 52.595°N 0.678°W / 52.595; -0.678Coordinates: 52°35′42″N 0°40′41″W / 52.595°N 0.678°W / 52.595; -0.678
The cartwash

Glaston is a village in the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England. The population of the civil parish remained unchanged between the 2001 and the 2011 census'.

Glaston is about 4 miles (6.4 kilometres) south of Rutland Water and is situated on the A47, 2 miles (3.2 kilometres) east of Uppingham. There are approximately 80 houses in total with one public house, The Old Pheasant on Main Road (A47) (previously the Monckton Arms), and a flooring warehouse, Glaston Carpets. There is an active Parish Meeting that is held once a month and villagers are trying to get a bypass for the village. The parish church of St Andrew is a Grade II* listed building[3] and has an unusual central spire.

A rectangular pond is a cartwash of circa 1740, used for soaking cartwheels to prevent the wood shrinking from iron tyres and also for horses' hooves to prevent hardening.[4]

Early history[edit]

Archaeologists working in the parish in 2000 discovered a late Pleistocene (c. 30,000 b.p.) faunal assemblage in association with an Upper Palaeolithic flint "leafpoint".[5]

Wellington and Colley[edit]

Glaston has a connection with the Duke of Wellington. Although his family adopted the name Wesley or Wellesley, their original name was Colley, and they were possibly descended from the English-born judge Robert Cowley or Colley who came to Ireland about 1500.[6] Robert was almost certainly born in Glaston, where the Colley family were Lords of the Manor from about 1400.[7] Richard Colley (c. 1690 – 1758), the grandfather of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, changed his surname to Wesley in 1728 when he inherited estates on the death of his cousin, Garret Wesley.[8]

Colley Cibber (1671 – 1757), English actor-manager, playwright and Poet Laureate was the eldest child of Jane née Colley, from the Glaston family.[9][10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "A vision of Britain through time". University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 11 February 2009. 
  2. ^ "Rutland Civil Parish Populations" (PDF). Rutland County Council. 2001. Retrieved 11 February 2009. 
  3. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Andrew  (Grade II) (1264584)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 July 2015. 
  4. ^ Historic England. "Cartwash  (Grade II) (1236505)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 July 2015. 
  5. ^ "Glaston Early Upper Palaeolithic Project.". University of Leicester Archaeological Services. Retrieved 11 February 2009. 
  6. ^ Ball, F. Elrington The Judges in Ireland 1221-1921 John Murray London 1926 Vol.1 p.203
  7. ^ Gloucestershire Notes and Queries 1890 p.564
  8. ^ Lundy 2011, p. 10645 § 106449 cites Cokayne 2000, p. 235.
  9. ^ Ashley, L. R. N. (1965), Colley Cibber, New York: Twayne  p. 17
  10. ^ Barker, R. H. (1939), Mr Cibber of Drury Lane, New York: Columbia University Press, OCLC 2207342  p. 4